Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry, 6th edition: 6th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry, 6th edition

6th Edition

By R.A. Mackay, W. Henderson

CRC Press

624 pages

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Description

This popular and comprehensive textbook provides all the basic information on inorganic chemistry that undergraduates need to know. For this sixth edition, the contents have undergone a complete revision to reflect progress in areas of research, new and modified techniques and their applications, and use of software packages.

Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry begins by explaining the electronic structure and properties of atoms, then describes the principles of bonding in diatomic and polyatomic covalent molecules, the solid state, and solution chemistry. Further on in the book, the general properties of the periodic table are studied along with specific elements and groups such as hydrogen, the 's' elements, the lanthanides, the actinides, the transition metals, and the "p" block. Simple and advanced examples are mixed throughout to increase the depth of students' understanding.

This edition has a completely new layout including revised artwork, case study boxes, technical notes, and examples. All of the problems have been revised and extended and include notes to assist with approaches and solutions. It is an excellent tool to help students see how inorganic chemistry applies to medicine, the environment, and biological topics.

Reviews

"Overall the chemistry is very solid in this book . . . I would definitely recommend that this book be stocked in a university library."

– Brian Murphy, Department of Chemistry, UAE University, in Physical Sciences Educational Review, Vol. 6, No. 1

"What is attractive about this book? First, it provides an exhaustive overview of the fundamental bases of inorganic chemistry. Second, boxes located in the margins or in the middle of pages provide enlightening facts about inorganic chemicals as they relate to everyday life…I am convinced these linkages between inorganic chemistry and real life are essential for attracting talented young students to the field"

- Bernard Meunier, Chemistry International , 2003

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Inorganic Chemistry and the Discovery of the Elements

Development

Recent Advances

Inorganic Nomenclature

Approach to Inorganic Chemistry and Further Reading

Problems

THE ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND THE PROPERTIES OF ATOMS

Introduction

Theory of the Electronic Structure of Hydrogen

Many-electron Atoms

Shapes of Atomic Orbitals

Further Properties of the Elements

COVALENT MOLECULES: DIATOMICS

General Background

Diatomic Molecules

POLYATOMIC COVALENT MOLECULES

Introduction

The Shapes of Molecules and Ions Containing p Bonds Only

The Shapes of Species Containing p Bonds

General Approaches to Bonding in Polyatomic Species

Bonding in Polyatomics: The Two-centre Bond Approach

Two-centred Orbitals: Hybridisation

Delocalized, or Multi-centred, s Orbitals

p Bonding in Polyatomic Molecules

An Example of the Approach Using Delocalized Bonding Throughout

Extension to Other Molecules

Problems

THE SOLID STATE

Simple Ionic Crystals

  • The Formation of Ionic Compounds

  • The Born-Haber Cycle

  • The Lattice Energy

  • The Endothermic Terms in the Formation of an Ionic Solid

  • Bonding Which is not Purely Ionic

  • Metallic Bonding

  • Complex Ions

  • The Crystal Structures of Covalent Compounds

  • Defect Structures and Nonstoichiometric Solids

    Problems

    SOLUTION CHEMISTRY

    Aqueous Solutions

  • Solubility

  • Acids and Bases

  • Oxidation and Reduction

    Nonaqueous Solvents

  • Solubility and Solvent Interaction in Nonaqueous Solvents

  • Acid-base Behaviour in Nonaqueous Solvents

  • General Uses of Nonaqueous Solvents

  • Liquid Ammonia

  • Anhydrous Acetic Acid

  • 'Superacid' Media

  • Bromine Trifluoride

  • Supercritical Fluids

    Problems

    EXPERIMENTAL METHODS

    Separation Methods

  • Ion Exchange

  • Chromatography

  • Solvent Extraction

    Structure Determination

  • Diffraction Methods

  • Spectroscopic Methods and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

  • Electronic Spectra

  • Vibrational Spectra

  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

  • Further Methods of Molecular Spectroscopy

  • Fourier Transform Methods

  • Other Methods

    Determination of Energy Levels: Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    Problems

    GENERAL PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS IN RELATION TO THE PERIODIC TABLE

    Variation in Energies of Atomic Orbitals with Atomic Number

    Exchange Energy

    Stable Configurations

    Atomic and Ionic Sizes

    Chemical Behaviour and Periodic Position

    Methods of Showing the Stabilities of Oxidation States

    The Abundance and Occurrence of the Elements

    The Extraction of the Elements

    Problems

    HYDROGEN

    General and Physical Properties of Hydrogen

    Chemical Properties of Hydrogen

    Ionic Hydrides

    Metallic Hydrides

    Covalent Hydrides

    Electron Deficient Hydrides

    The Hydrogen Bond

    Problems

    THE 's' ELEMENTS

    General and Physical Properties, Occurrence and Uses

    Compounds with Oxygen and Ozone

    Carbon Compounds

    Complexes of the Heavier Elements

    Crown Ethers, Cryptates and Alkali Metal Anions

    Special Features in the Chemistry of Lithium and Magnesium

    Beryllium Chemistry

    Problems

    THE SCANDIUM GROUP AND THE LANTHANIDES

    General and Physical Properties

    Chemistry of the Trivalent State

    The Separation of the Elements

    Oxidation States Other Than III

    Properties associated with the Presence of f Electrons

    Problems

    THE ACTINIDE ELEMENTS

    Sources and Physical Properties

    General Chemical Behaviour of the Actinides

    Thorium

    Protactinium

    Uranium

    Neptunium, Plutonium and Americium

    The Heavier Actinide Elements

    Problems

    THE TRANSITION METALS: GENERAL PROPERTIES AND COMPLEXES

    Introduction to the Transition Elements

    The Transition Ion and its Environment:Ligand Field Theory

    Ligand Field Theory and Octahedral Complexes

    Coordination Number Four

    Stable Configurations

    Coordination Numbers Other Than Four or Six

    Effect of Ligand on Stability of Complexes

    Isomerism

    Mechanisms of Transition Metal Reactions

    Structural Aspects of Ligand Field Effects

    Spectra of Transition Element Complexes

    p Bonding Between Metal and Ligands

    Problems

    THE TRANSITION ELEMENTS OF THE FIRST SERIES

    General Properties

    Titanium, 3d24s2

    Vanadium, 3d34s2

    Chromium, 3d54s1

    Manganese, 3d54s2

    Iron, 3d64s2

    Cobalt, 3d74s2

    Nickel, 3d84s2

    Copper, 3d104s1

    The Relative Stabilities of the Dihalides and Trihalides of the Elements of the First Transition Series

    Problems

    THE ELEMENTS OF THE SECOND AND THIRD TRANSITION SERIES

    General Properties

    Zirconium, 4d25s2, and Hafnium, 5d26s2

    Niobium, 4d45s1, and Tantalum, 5d36s2

    Molybdenum, 4d55s1, and Tungsten, 5d46s2

    Technetium, 4d65s1, and Rhenium, 5d56s2

    Ruthenium, 4d75s1, and Osmium, 5d66s2

    Rhodium 4d85s1, and Iridium, 5d96s0

    Palladium, 4d105s0, and Platinum, 5d96s1

    Silver, 4d105s1, and Gold, 5d106s1

    The Zinc Group

    Problems

    TRANSITION METALS: SELECTED TOPICS

    Copper Oxide Ceramic Superconductors

    Carbonyl Compounds of the Transition Elements

    Metal-Organic Compounds

    p Bonded Cyclopentadienyls and Related Species

    The Organometallic Chemistry of the Lanthanides

    Actinide Organometallic Chemistry

    Multiple Metal-Metal Bonds

    Transition Metal Clusters

    Metal-Dioxygen Species

    Compounds containing M-N2 Units and their Relationship to Nitrogen Fixation

    Metal-Dihydrogen Complexes

    Post-Actinide 'Superheavy' Elements

    Relativistic Effects

    Problems

    THE ELEMENTS OF THE 'p' BLOCK

    Introduction and General Properties

    The First Element in a p Group

    The Remaining Elements of the p Group

    The Boron Group, ns2np1

    The Carbon Group, ns2np2

    The Nitrogen Group, ns2np3

    The Oxygen Group, ns2np4

    The Fluorine Group, ns2np5 (The Halogens)

    The Helium Group

    Bonding in Main Group Compounds: the Use of d Orbitals

    Problems

    SELECTED TOPICS IN MAIN GROUP CHEMISTRY AND BONDING

    The Formation of Bonds Between Like Main Group Atoms

    Polysulfur and Polyselenium Rings and Chains

    Nets and Linked Rings

    Cluster Compounds of the p Block Elements

    Polynuclear Ions and the Acid Strength of Preparation Media

    Silicates, Aluminosilicates and Related Materials

    Multiple Bonds Involving Heavier Main Group Elements

    Commentary on VSEPR

    Bonding in Compounds of the Heavier Main Group Elements

    GENERAL TOPICS

    Electron Density Determinations

    Metal-Polychalcogenide Compounds

    Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon 'Onions' - New Forms of Elemental Carbon

    Dendrimeric Molecules

    BIOLOGICAL, MEDICINAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    Biological Inorganic Chemistry

    Medicinal Inorganic Chemistry

    Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

    APPENDICES

    INDEX

    RELATIVE ATOMIC MASSES

    PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS

  • Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    SCI013030
    SCIENCE / Chemistry / Inorganic