Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  book cover
1st Edition

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

ISBN 9781420047790
Published December 22, 2008 by CRC Press
1634 Pages 591 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The maturation of nanotechnology has revealed it to be a unique and distinct discipline rather than a specialization within a larger field. Its textbook cannot afford to be a chemistry, physics, or engineering text focused on nano. It must be an integrated, multidisciplinary, and specifically nano textbook. The archetype of the modern nano textbook, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology builds a solid background in characterization and fabrication methods while integrating the physics, chemistry, and biology facets. The remainder of this color text focuses on applications, examining engineering aspects as well as nanomaterials and industry-specific applications in such areas as energy, electronics, and biotechnology.

Also available in two course-specific volumes:

Introduction to Nanoscience elucidates the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology.

Fundamentals of Nanotechnology surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors.

Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

Table of Contents



Nanoscience and Nanotechnology—The Distinction

Historical Perspectives

Advanced Materials

Tools of Nano

Nature’s Take on Nano and the Advent of Molecular Biology

The Nano Perspective

Societal Implications of Nano

Introduction to Societal Issues

Ethical Implications

Legal Implications

Environmental Implications

Public Perception

Future of Nanotechnology



Characterization Methods

Characterization of Nanomaterials

Electron Probe Methods

Scanning Probe Microscopy Methods

Spectroscopic Methods

Nonradiative and Nonelectron Characterization Methods

Fabrication Methods

Fabrication of Nanomaterials

Top-Down Fabrication

Bottom-Up Fabrication

Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling


Physics: Properties and Phenomena

Materials, Structure, and the Nanosurface

Importance of the Surface

Engineering Materials

Particle Shape and the Surface

Surface and Volume

Atomic Structure

Particle Orientation

Energy at the Nanoscale

Surface Energy

Basic Thermodynamics

Liquid State

Surface Energy (and Stress) of Solids

Surface Energy Minimization Mechanisms

The Material Continuum

Material Continuum

Basic Quantum Mechanics and the Solid State

Zero-Dimensional Materials

One-Dimensional Materials

Two-Dimensional Materials

Hierarchical Structures

Quantum Size Effects and Scaling Laws


Thermodynamics and Nanothermodynamics

Classical Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Statistical Mechanics

Other Kinds of Thermodynamics


Modern Nanothermodynamics


Chemistry: Synthesis and Modification

Carbon-Based Nanomaterials



Carbon Nanotubes

Diamondoid Nanomaterials

Chemical Interactions at the Nanoscale

Bonding Considerations at the Nanoscale

Electrostatic Interactions

Hydrogen Bonding

Van der Waals Attractions

Hydrophobic Effect

Supramolecular Chemistry

Chemistry of Nanomaterials

Supramolecular Chemistry

Design and Synthesis of Selected Supramolecular Species

Extended Supramolecular Structures

Chemical Synthesis and Modification of Nanomaterials

Chemistry and Chemical Modification

Self-Assembly Revisited

Synthesis and Chemical Modification of Nanomaterials

Template Synthesis

Polymer Chemistry and Nanocomposites


Natural and Bionanoscience

Natural Nanomaterials

Natural Nanomaterials

Inorganic Natural Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials from the Animal Kingdom

Nanomaterials Derived from Cell Walls

Nanomaterials in Insects

Gecko Feet: Adhesive Nanostructures

More Natural Fibers


Biomolecular Nanoscience

Introduction to Biomolecular Nanoscience

Material Basis of Life

Cellular Membranes and Signaling Systems

DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis

Concluding Remarks





Perspectives of Nanotechnology

The Business of Nanotechnology

Education and Workforce Development

Buildings for Nanotech

National and International In-frastructure

Nanotechnology Products

Nanometrology: Standards and Nanomanufacturing

The Transition, the Need

Nanometrology and Uncertainty

Quantum Metrology

Nanometrology Tools

Nanometrology and Nanomanufacturing Standards

Nanomanufacturing and Molecular Assembly


Electromagnetic Engineering


Electronics and Nanoelectronics


Nanoscale Electronics


Introduction to Optics

The Surface Plasmon

Quantum Dots

Near-Field Microscopies




Characteristics of Nanomagnetic Systems

Magnetism in Reduced Dimensional Systems

Physical Properties of Magnetic Nanostructures

Recent Progress in Nanoscale Sample Preparation

Nanomagnetism Applications

Mechanical Nanoengineering



Three-Atom Chain

Lattice Mechanics

Stress and Strain

Linear Elasticity Relations

Molecular Dynamics

Structure and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes

Nanomechanical Measurement Techniques and Applications

Nano-Microelectromechanical Systems (NEMS/MEMS)

Nanostructure and Nanocomposite Thin Films


Classification of Nanostructured, Nanocomposite Tribological Coatings

Background of Nanostructured Super-Hard Coatings

New Directions for Nanostructured Super-Tough Coatings

Processing Techniques and Principles

General Considerations and Practical Aspects of Sputtering Deposition

Applications of Thin Films

Technological Applications of Thin Films

Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Ti–Al–Si–N Coatings

Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Ti–Si–B–C–N Coatings

Pulsed Closed Field Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Cr–Al–N Coatings


Chemical Nanoengineering


Introduction to Catalytic and Nanocatalytic Materials

Fundamentals of Catalysis


Catalyst Characterization

Nanocomposites and Fibers

Nanocomposites and Fibers

Physical and Chemical Properties of Materials

Natural Nanocomposites

Carbon Fibers and Nanotubes

Organic Polymer Nanocomposites

Metal and Ceramic Nanocomposites

Clay Nanocomposite Materials


Biological and Environmental Nanoengineering


Introduction to Nanobiotechnology

The Biological Immune System

Using Antibodies in Biosensors: Immunoassays

Cantilevers as Nano-Biosensors

Micro- and Nanosensors and Applications

Optical Nanosensors

Nanotechnology for Manipulation of Biomolecules


The Bio Sciences and Technologies

Biomimetic Design of Molecules

Biomimetic Nanomaterials

Biomimetic Nanoengineering

Medical Nanotechnology

Introduction to Medical Nanotechnology

Nanoparticles and Nanoencapsulation for Medical Applications

Guiding and Stimulating Tissue Function and Growth

Environmental Nanotechnology

The Environment (and Technology)

Water and Soil Quality, Monitoring, and Mitigation

Air Quality, Monitoring, and Mitigation



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