1st Edition

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

    1634 Pages 591 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The maturation of nanotechnology has revealed it to be a unique and distinct discipline rather than a specialization within a larger field. Its textbook cannot afford to be a chemistry, physics, or engineering text focused on nano. It must be an integrated, multidisciplinary, and specifically nano textbook. The archetype of the modern nano textbook, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology builds a solid background in characterization and fabrication methods while integrating the physics, chemistry, and biology facets. The remainder of this color text focuses on applications, examining engineering aspects as well as nanomaterials and industry-specific applications in such areas as energy, electronics, and biotechnology.

    Also available in two course-specific volumes:

    Introduction to Nanoscience elucidates the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology.

    Fundamentals of Nanotechnology surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors.

    Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.



    Nanoscience and Nanotechnology—The Distinction

    Historical Perspectives

    Advanced Materials

    Tools of Nano

    Nature’s Take on Nano and the Advent of Molecular Biology

    The Nano Perspective

    Societal Implications of Nano

    Introduction to Societal Issues

    Ethical Implications

    Legal Implications

    Environmental Implications

    Public Perception

    Future of Nanotechnology



    Characterization Methods

    Characterization of Nanomaterials

    Electron Probe Methods

    Scanning Probe Microscopy Methods

    Spectroscopic Methods

    Nonradiative and Nonelectron Characterization Methods

    Fabrication Methods

    Fabrication of Nanomaterials

    Top-Down Fabrication

    Bottom-Up Fabrication

    Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling


    Physics: Properties and Phenomena

    Materials, Structure, and the Nanosurface

    Importance of the Surface

    Engineering Materials

    Particle Shape and the Surface

    Surface and Volume

    Atomic Structure

    Particle Orientation

    Energy at the Nanoscale

    Surface Energy

    Basic Thermodynamics

    Liquid State

    Surface Energy (and Stress) of Solids

    Surface Energy Minimization Mechanisms

    The Material Continuum

    Material Continuum

    Basic Quantum Mechanics and the Solid State

    Zero-Dimensional Materials

    One-Dimensional Materials

    Two-Dimensional Materials

    Hierarchical Structures

    Quantum Size Effects and Scaling Laws


    Thermodynamics and Nanothermodynamics

    Classical Equilibrium Thermodynamics

    Statistical Mechanics

    Other Kinds of Thermodynamics


    Modern Nanothermodynamics


    Chemistry: Synthesis and Modification

    Carbon-Based Nanomaterials



    Carbon Nanotubes

    Diamondoid Nanomaterials

    Chemical Interactions at the Nanoscale

    Bonding Considerations at the Nanoscale

    Electrostatic Interactions

    Hydrogen Bonding

    Van der Waals Attractions

    Hydrophobic Effect

    Supramolecular Chemistry

    Chemistry of Nanomaterials

    Supramolecular Chemistry

    Design and Synthesis of Selected Supramolecular Species

    Extended Supramolecular Structures

    Chemical Synthesis and Modification of Nanomaterials

    Chemistry and Chemical Modification

    Self-Assembly Revisited

    Synthesis and Chemical Modification of Nanomaterials

    Template Synthesis

    Polymer Chemistry and Nanocomposites


    Natural and Bionanoscience

    Natural Nanomaterials

    Natural Nanomaterials

    Inorganic Natural Nanomaterials

    Nanomaterials from the Animal Kingdom

    Nanomaterials Derived from Cell Walls

    Nanomaterials in Insects

    Gecko Feet: Adhesive Nanostructures

    More Natural Fibers


    Biomolecular Nanoscience

    Introduction to Biomolecular Nanoscience

    Material Basis of Life

    Cellular Membranes and Signaling Systems

    DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis

    Concluding Remarks





    Perspectives of Nanotechnology

    The Business of Nanotechnology

    Education and Workforce Development

    Buildings for Nanotech

    National and International In-frastructure

    Nanotechnology Products

    Nanometrology: Standards and Nanomanufacturing

    The Transition, the Need

    Nanometrology and Uncertainty

    Quantum Metrology

    Nanometrology Tools

    Nanometrology and Nanomanufacturing Standards

    Nanomanufacturing and Molecular Assembly


    Electromagnetic Engineering


    Electronics and Nanoelectronics


    Nanoscale Electronics


    Introduction to Optics

    The Surface Plasmon

    Quantum Dots

    Near-Field Microscopies




    Characteristics of Nanomagnetic Systems

    Magnetism in Reduced Dimensional Systems

    Physical Properties of Magnetic Nanostructures

    Recent Progress in Nanoscale Sample Preparation

    Nanomagnetism Applications

    Mechanical Nanoengineering



    Three-Atom Chain

    Lattice Mechanics

    Stress and Strain

    Linear Elasticity Relations

    Molecular Dynamics

    Structure and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes

    Nanomechanical Measurement Techniques and Applications

    Nano-Microelectromechanical Systems (NEMS/MEMS)

    Nanostructure and Nanocomposite Thin Films


    Classification of Nanostructured, Nanocomposite Tribological Coatings

    Background of Nanostructured Super-Hard Coatings

    New Directions for Nanostructured Super-Tough Coatings

    Processing Techniques and Principles

    General Considerations and Practical Aspects of Sputtering Deposition

    Applications of Thin Films

    Technological Applications of Thin Films

    Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Ti–Al–Si–N Coatings

    Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Ti–Si–B–C–N Coatings

    Pulsed Closed Field Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Cr–Al–N Coatings


    Chemical Nanoengineering


    Introduction to Catalytic and Nanocatalytic Materials

    Fundamentals of Catalysis


    Catalyst Characterization

    Nanocomposites and Fibers

    Nanocomposites and Fibers

    Physical and Chemical Properties of Materials

    Natural Nanocomposites

    Carbon Fibers and Nanotubes

    Organic Polymer Nanocomposites

    Metal and Ceramic Nanocomposites

    Clay Nanocomposite Materials


    Biological and Environmental Nanoengineering


    Introduction to Nanobiotechnology

    The Biological Immune System

    Using Antibodies in Biosensors: Immunoassays

    Cantilevers as Nano-Biosensors

    Micro- and Nanosensors and Applications

    Optical Nanosensors

    Nanotechnology for Manipulation of Biomolecules


    The Bio Sciences and Technologies

    Biomimetic Design of Molecules

    Biomimetic Nanomaterials

    Biomimetic Nanoengineering

    Medical Nanotechnology

    Introduction to Medical Nanotechnology

    Nanoparticles and Nanoencapsulation for Medical Applications

    Guiding and Stimulating Tissue Function and Growth

    Environmental Nanotechnology

    The Environment (and Technology)

    Water and Soil Quality, Monitoring, and Mitigation

    Air Quality, Monitoring, and Mitigation




    Hornyak, Gabor L.; Tibbals, H.F.; Dutta, Joydeep; Moore, John J.