Introduction to Natural Resource Planning: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Introduction to Natural Resource Planning

1st Edition

By Charles Yoe

CRC Press

400 pages | 71 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9781439892619
pub: 2012-10-05
Currently out of stock
Hardback: 9781138401501
pub: 2017-08-21

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This is an exciting time for natural resources planning. There are amazing technologies available to planners and a wide and growing array of resources, problems, and opportunities that need attention. Private and public interests are taking up these issues all over the world and at all levels of involvement. At the same time, inefficient planning policies and procedures can threaten the art of successful planning.

Demonstrating how to put effective planning theory into practice, Introduction to Natural Resource Planning introduces an iterative planning process with five steps and two ongoing processes. Suitable for any type of planning setting, the book describes each step of the planning process in extensive practical detail. Comprising field-tested strategies woven into a comprehensive and complete protocol, the book explores:

  • Planners and the planning process
  • Establishing the decision context, gathering evidence, plan formulation, and evaluating, comparing, and selecting plans
  • The importance of public involvement
  • Telling your story so that people understand and care about it
  • Dealing effectively with uncertainty as part of the planning process
  • Scenario planning when uncertainty obscures the future
  • Economics for planners: cost estimates and economic analysis
  • Fast planning and getting the most out of your planning process
  • Practical tips from experienced natural resource planners

Natural resources planning involves solving complex problems. Fascinating new issues continue to emerge as we seek to identify and preserve natural DNA, struggle with invasive and nonindigenous species, and worry about the well-being of native and managed pollinators. Meanwhile, we continue to struggle with familiar problems like water quality, developing resources for wise uses, loss of habitat, and floods, hurricanes, and other natural disasters. This volume will empower both experienced and new planners to plan more effectively for solutions to preserve and manage our natural resources.

Table of Contents

Envisioning the Future


Natural Resources

Planning Is …

Organization of This Book

Take Aways

A Team Sport

Who Needs to Plan?

Planning is Done in Teams

What Does a Team Look Like?

Stages of a Team

Team Processes

Team Member Roles

What Does a Team Do?

Take Aways

The Planning Process

What Makes a Good Process?

Steps and Iterations

Examples of Planning Processes

Five by Two

Here’s How It Works

Risk-Informed Planning

What Do You Do with the Process?

Take Aways

Establish the Decision Context

Problem (and Opportunity) Identification

Without Condition Scenario

Objectives and Constraints

Decision Criteria

Information Needs


Six Pieces of Paper

Take Aways

Addendum 1: Cause and Effect Diagrams and Problem Identification


Gather Evidence


Evidence-Based Decision Making Under Uncertainty




Take Aways

Formulate Solutions


Pep Talk: Break Rules and Be Creative

The Language of Formulation

Formulation Strategies

Formulating for Uncertainty

Take Aways

Evaluate Solutions

What Is Evaluation, and Why Do We Do It?

How to Evaluate Plans

Take Aways

Compare Solutions

Comparing in Planning

How to Compare?

Take Aways

Make a Decision

The Decision

Who and How?

Making the Decision: Selecting a Solution

Risk-Based Decision-Making Strategies

Take Aways

Addendum 1: Analytical Hierarchy Process

Addendum 2: Decisions with Simple Paired Ranking

Public Involvement


What Is It?


Involve the Public

When to Do Public Involvement?

Take Aways

Tell Your Story

Elements of a Good Story

Write Simply



Take Aways



Distinguishing Knowledge Uncertainty and Variability?

Types of Uncertainty

Quantity Uncertainty

Sources of Uncertainty in Empirical Quantities

Uncertainty Causes Risk

Being Intentional about Uncertainty in the Planning Process

Take Aways

Scenario Planning


Scenario-Planning Background

A Scenario-Planning Process

Addressing Uncertainty in the Without Condition(s)

Other Planning Tasks in Scenario Planning

Take Aways

Addendum: Drivers and Forces

Economics for Planners

Economic Principles

Cost Concepts

Uncertainty in Cost Estimates

Sorting Out the Costs of Multipurpose Plans

Types of Economic Analysis

Take Aways

Fast Planning


Why Plan Faster?

Fast Track: A 30-Day Process

Five-Day Iteration

25 Days of Satisficing through Science

Risk Register

In the End

Take Aways

Addendum: SMART Planning

Practical Tips


Seeing is Believing

Let’s Spend Some Time Together

The 72-Hour Iteration (3 in 30)

Take Time to Think

Listen to Your Elders

Lists Are Your Friends

Know the Relevant Policies

Be True to Your Profession

Gain Experience

Planning and Politics

Communicate and Network (P.S. Be Careful of What You Say)

Write As You Go

Take Aways


About the Author


Charles Yoe is a professor of economics at Notre Dame of Maryland University and an independent risk analysis consultant, but at heart he is a planner and educator. He began his planning career with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and has since worked with a number of U.S. and other government agencies as a planner, consultant, risk analyst, and trainer in a wide range of areas touching natural resources that include food and feed, natural disasters, public works infrastructure, homeland security, ecosystem restoration, resource development, biotechnology in crops, all manner of water resources, ecosystem services, and the like. 

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General