1st Edition

Introduction to Natural Resource Planning

By Charles Yoe Copyright 2013
    400 Pages 71 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    by CRC Press

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    This is an exciting time for natural resources planning. There are amazing technologies available to planners and a wide and growing array of resources, problems, and opportunities that need attention. Private and public interests are taking up these issues all over the world and at all levels of involvement. At the same time, inefficient planning policies and procedures can threaten the art of successful planning.

    Demonstrating how to put effective planning theory into practice, Introduction to Natural Resource Planning introduces an iterative planning process with five steps and two ongoing processes. Suitable for any type of planning setting, the book describes each step of the planning process in extensive practical detail. Comprising field-tested strategies woven into a comprehensive and complete protocol, the book explores:

    • Planners and the planning process
    • Establishing the decision context, gathering evidence, plan formulation, and evaluating, comparing, and selecting plans
    • The importance of public involvement
    • Telling your story so that people understand and care about it
    • Dealing effectively with uncertainty as part of the planning process
    • Scenario planning when uncertainty obscures the future
    • Economics for planners: cost estimates and economic analysis
    • Fast planning and getting the most out of your planning process
    • Practical tips from experienced natural resource planners

    Natural resources planning involves solving complex problems. Fascinating new issues continue to emerge as we seek to identify and preserve natural DNA, struggle with invasive and nonindigenous species, and worry about the well-being of native and managed pollinators. Meanwhile, we continue to struggle with familiar problems like water quality, developing resources for wise uses, loss of habitat, and floods, hurricanes, and other natural disasters. This volume will empower both experienced and new planners to plan more effectively for solutions to preserve and manage our natural resources.

    Envisioning the Future
    Natural Resources
    Planning Is …
    Organization of This Book
    Take Aways
    A Team Sport
    Who Needs to Plan?
    Planning is Done in Teams
    What Does a Team Look Like?
    Stages of a Team
    Team Processes
    Team Member Roles
    What Does a Team Do?
    Take Aways
    The Planning Process
    What Makes a Good Process?
    Steps and Iterations
    Examples of Planning Processes
    Five by Two
    Here’s How It Works
    Risk-Informed Planning
    What Do You Do with the Process?
    Take Aways
    Establish the Decision Context
    Problem (and Opportunity) Identification
    Without Condition Scenario
    Objectives and Constraints
    Decision Criteria
    Information Needs
    Six Pieces of Paper
    Take Aways
    Addendum 1: Cause and Effect Diagrams and Problem Identification
    Gather Evidence
    Evidence-Based Decision Making Under Uncertainty
    Take Aways
    Formulate Solutions
    Pep Talk: Break Rules and Be Creative
    The Language of Formulation
    Formulation Strategies
    Formulating for Uncertainty
    Take Aways
    Evaluate Solutions
    What Is Evaluation, and Why Do We Do It?
    How to Evaluate Plans
    Take Aways
    Compare Solutions
    Comparing in Planning
    How to Compare?
    Take Aways
    Make a Decision
    The Decision
    Who and How?
    Making the Decision: Selecting a Solution
    Risk-Based Decision-Making Strategies
    Take Aways
    Addendum 1: Analytical Hierarchy Process
    Addendum 2: Decisions with Simple Paired Ranking
    Public Involvement
    What Is It?
    Involve the Public
    When to Do Public Involvement?
    Take Aways
    Tell Your Story
    Elements of a Good Story
    Write Simply
    Take Aways
    Distinguishing Knowledge Uncertainty and Variability?
    Types of Uncertainty
    Quantity Uncertainty
    Sources of Uncertainty in Empirical Quantities
    Uncertainty Causes Risk
    Being Intentional about Uncertainty in the Planning Process
    Take Aways
    Scenario Planning
    Scenario-Planning Background
    A Scenario-Planning Process
    Addressing Uncertainty in the Without Condition(s)
    Other Planning Tasks in Scenario Planning
    Take Aways
    Addendum: Drivers and Forces
    Economics for Planners
    Economic Principles
    Cost Concepts
    Uncertainty in Cost Estimates
    Sorting Out the Costs of Multipurpose Plans
    Types of Economic Analysis
    Take Aways
    Fast Planning
    Why Plan Faster?
    Fast Track: A 30-Day Process
    Five-Day Iteration
    25 Days of Satisficing through Science
    Risk Register
    In the End
    Take Aways
    Addendum: SMART Planning
    Practical Tips
    Seeing is Believing
    Let’s Spend Some Time Together
    The 72-Hour Iteration (3 in 30)
    Take Time to Think
    Listen to Your Elders
    Lists Are Your Friends
    Know the Relevant Policies
    Be True to Your Profession
    Gain Experience
    Planning and Politics
    Communicate and Network (P.S. Be Careful of What You Say)
    Write As You Go
    Take Aways


    Charles Yoe is a professor of economics at Notre Dame of Maryland University and an independent risk analysis consultant, but at heart he is a planner and educator. He began his planning career with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and has since worked with a number of U.S. and other government agencies as a planner, consultant, risk analyst, and trainer in a wide range of areas touching natural resources that include food and feed, natural disasters, public works infrastructure, homeland security, ecosystem restoration, resource development, biotechnology in crops, all manner of water resources, ecosystem services, and the like.