Introduction to Plasma Dynamics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Plasma Dynamics

1st Edition

By A. I. Morozov

CRC Press

840 pages | 397 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439881323
pub: 2012-12-06
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Description

As the twenty-first century progresses, plasma technology will play an increasing role in our lives, providing new sources of energy, ion–plasma processing of materials, wave electromagnetic radiation sources, space plasma thrusters, and more. Studies of the plasma state of matter not only accelerate technological developments but also improve the understanding of natural phenomena. Beginning with an introduction to the characteristics and types of plasmas, Introduction to Plasma Dynamics covers the basic models of classical diffuse plasmas used to describe such phenomena as linear and shock waves, stationary flows, elements of plasma chemistry, and principles of plasma lasers.

The author presents specific examples to demonstrate how to use the models and to familiarize readers with modern plasma technologies. The book describes structures of magnetic fields—one- and zero-dimensional plasma models. It considers single-, two-, and multi-component simulation models, kinetics and ionization processes, radiation transport, and plasma interaction with solid surfaces. The text also examines self-organization and general problems associated with instabilities in plasma systems. In addition, it discusses cosmic plasma dynamic systems, such as Earth’s magnetosphere, spiral nebulas, and plasma associated with the Sun.

This text provides wide-range coverage of issues related to plasma dynamics, with a final chapter addressing advanced plasma technologies, including plasma generators, plasma in the home, space propulsion engines, and controlled thermonuclear fusion. It demonstrates how to approach the analysis of complex plasma systems, taking into account the diversity of plasma environments. Presenting a well-rounded introduction to plasma dynamics, the book takes into consideration the models of plasma phenomena and their relationships to one another as well as their applications.

Table of Contents

Introduction

What is plasma?

Region of rarefied non-relativistic plasma in the coordinates n, T

History of plasma investigations

Features of plasma research

Fields, particles, blocks (point models)

Electromagnetic fields

Movement of particles in electromagnetic fields

Block (‘zero-dimensional’) models of plasma systems

Elements of classic corpuscular optics (CCO)

Dielectric permittivity and waves in homogeneous cold plasma

Block models of pulsed plasma systems (pulsed plasma guns and Z-pinches)

Simplest models of static magnetic traps

One-fluid plasma models

Special features of hydrodynamic models

Examples of Euler hydrodynamics problems

One-fluid magnetic hydrodynamics (MHD)

MHD statics

Linear MHD waves in homogeneous plasma

Stationary plasma flows in the transverse magnetic field

Numerical modelling of MHD flows

Two-fluid hydrodynamic plasma models

Equations of two-fluid hydrodynamics

Electron magnetic hydrodynamics. Generalised Ohm’s law

Hall structures

Static configurations in the two-fluid hydrodynamics

Linear waves in homogeneous plasma (two-fluid model)

Dissipation-free axial-symmetric flows in the two-component hydrodynamics

Numerical and experimental studies of (quasi-) steady flows in coaxial systems with the intrinsic magnetic field

Dynamics of plasma flows in magnetic fields

Collisionless kinetic models of processes in plasma Vlasov-Maxwell equations

Initial concepts

Vlasov-Maxwell equations

‘Static’ kinetic configurations

Kinetics of waves in plasma at H0 = 0

Oscillations of two-component plasma

Quasi-linear approximation

Kinetics of two-component plasma in classic collisions

Introduction

Kinetics of colliding charged particles

Transfer equations in two-fluid hydrodynamics

Examples of collisional relaxation in Coulomb plasma

Effect of the thermal force on equilibrium and heat transfer in plasma configuration

Kinetics of departure of plasma particles from traps

Plasma optics (hybrid models)

Boltzmann–Davydov kinetic equation for electrons in weakly ionised plasma

Plasma processes with transformation of particles and radiation

Introduction

Velocity of transformation processes

Elementary radiation processes

Radiation transition equation (photon kinetics)

Schemes for describing the dynamics of the particles of transforming plasma

Radiation value of the ion in the coronal model

Volume processes in stationary plasma thrusters (SPT) and their similarity laws

Shock waves with radiation

Flows of ionising plasma in the coaxial

Glow and arc discharges

Systems using separated excitation levels of particles

Interaction of plasma with the surface of solids

Introduction

Processes on the surface of the solid

Electron boundary layers

Examples of boundary processes with heavy particles taking part

Surface-determined discharges (using the stationary plasma thruster as the example

Examples of near electrode processes

Dusty plasma

Instabilities and self-organisation of plasma dynamic systems

Examples of identical hydrodynamic and plasma instabilities

Examples of specific MHD perturbations of plasma systems

Modelling equations of ‘autonomous’ plasma structures (‘auto-structures’)

Stochasticity of the processes in plasma

Active methods of stabilising plasma instabilities

Processes in cosmos and plasma dynamics

Planetary vortices. Spiral nebulas

Magnetosphere of the Earth

The Sun

On the evolution of the stars of the main sequence

Examples of modern plasma technologies

Plasma generators

Plasma in the home

Formation of structures on solids by plasma technology

Ion and plasma space propulsion engines

The problem of controlled thermonuclear fusion (CTF)

From generators of multiply-charged ions to the island of stability and black holes in the experiment

Appendix A: Comments on the topology of the magnetic field

Appendix B: Inertial controlled thermonuclear synthesis using liners

Appendix C: Reconnection of lines of force in plasma

Appendix D: Ion magnetrons and thrusters with an anodic layer

Appendix E: Tokamaks as a possible reactor for D–T synthesis

Appendix F: High β in large tokamaks

Appendix G: Ionisation of atoms and ions by electronic impact

Literature

Index

About the Author

Professor A. I. Morozov was one of the founders of plasma dynamics. His main scientific interests included plasma accelerators, plasma optics, magnetic plasma sustainment, and philosophy of science. He played a major role in the development and construction of space stationary plasma engines and worked at the Institute of Atomic Energy and the Kurchatov Institute in Moscow.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics