1st Edition

Introduction to Police Work

Edited By Colin Rogers, Rhobert Lewis Copyright 2007
    326 Pages
    by Willan

    328 Pages
    by Willan

    Policing is in a profound period of change, the result of recent government reform, a renewed drive for professionalism as well as the need to adapt to a rapidly changing society. This book provides a highly readable and up to date introduction to the work of the police, exploring what this currently involved and the directions it may be going in. It is designed for student police officers starting their probation and training, students studying public or uniformed service courses in colleges, students taking undergraduate courses in policing and criminal justice, and anybody else who wants to know about policing today.

    The book describes all the key elements of policing work. The first two parts look at how the police functions as an organization, with chapters devoted to important new areas of crime reduction partnerships and forensic support in investigation and enforcement. The third section covers key aspects of practical police work, with coverage of such challenging areas as anti-social behaviour and terrorism. The book contains a wide range of practical tasks and activities, and links are made throughout to the new Initial Police Learning and Development Programme and National Occupational Standards in Policing.

    Glossary of police terminology.  Notes on contributors.  Special features of the book.  Part 1: The Police Framework  1. The Police Organisation  1.1 A brief history of the police  1.2 The criminal justice sector and the police service  1.3 The organisation of police forces  1.4 What is the police service for?  1.5 The Home Office, the National Police Plan and the performance of police forces  1.6 What do the public think of the police?  1.7 Reassurance, effectiveness and efficiency  1.8 Policing by consent  1.9 Themes in modern policing  2. The Probationer Officer  2.1 Introduction  2.2 Initial Police Learning and Development Programme (IPLDP)  2.3 Community engagement  2.4 Competencies and standards  2.5 Professional Development Units  2.6 Approaches to adult learning  2.7 Role play  2.8 Reflective practice  2.9 The experimental learning cycle  2.10 Action planning  2.11 Pre-reads and distance learning packages  2.12 Further considerations  3. Communication  3.1 Introduction  3.2 Communication with the public  3.3 Communication and the fight against crime  3.4 Communicating with the public about major incidents  3.5 Communication within the police service  3.6 Communication between the police service and other agencies  4. Study Skills  4.1 The study skills needed by probationer officers  4.2 Essay writing  4.3 Report writing  4.4 Referencing  4.5 Research  4.6 The use and abuse of statistics  4.7 Police-related journals  Part 2: Supporting Police Work  5. Ethical Policing Values  5.1 Introductions  5.2 Ethics  5.3 Conflict between organisational and personal ethics  5.4 Impact of current changes upon UK police ethics and values  5.5 Applying police ethics  5.6 Human Rights Act 1998 and the police service  6. Race, Diversity and Equal Opportunities  6.1 Introduction  6.2 The complexity and diversity of communities  6.3 Prejudice  6.4 Discrimination  6.5 Anti-discrimination law  6.6 Institutional racism  6.7 Identifying a racist or homophobic incident  6.8 Conclusion  7. The Basic Command Unit  7.1 Introduction  7.2 The purpose of the BCU  7.3 Structure  7.4 Uniformed police staff  7.5 Frontline services  7.6 Support services  7.7 Response policing  7.8 Community policing teams  7.9 Neighbourhood policing  7.10 Community consultation  7.11 Police staff  7.12 Other police support services  7.13 Criminal Investigation Department  7.14 Public protection  7.15 Criminal justice  7.16 Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships  7.17 National Intelligence Model  7.18 Finance  7.19 Performance measurement  7.20 The National Policing Improvement Agency  7.21 Conclusion  8. Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships  8.1 Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships  8.2 Consultation  8.3 Developing a crime-reduction strategy  8.4 What exactly do we mean by crime and disorder reduction?  8.5 The opportunity to commit crime and disorder  8.6 The motivated offender  8.7 Repeat victimisation  8.8 The Problem Analysis Triangle  8.9 Neighbourhood policing teams  8.10 The extended policing family  8.11 Conclusion  9. Forensic Support in Law Enforcement  9.1 Introduction  9.2 Range of scientific and technical support available to the police service  9.3 Scientific evidence  9.4 Police officers as gatherers and preservers of forensic evidence  9.5 Police science and technology strategy  9.6 Crime analysis  9.7 Use of HOLMES in major investigations  9.8 Cyber crime  9.9 The future  Part 3: Practical Police Work  10. Criminal Investigations  10.1 Introduction  10.2 Why should the police investigate professionally?  10.3 What is an investigation?  10.4 The role of the criminal investigator  10.5 What legislation covers criminal investigations?  10.6 The Professionalising Investigation Programme (PIP)  10.7 The Serious Organised Crime Agency  10.8 Reactive and proactive criminal investigation  10.9 Covert investigations  10.10 The National Intelligence Model  10.11 Features of crimes  10.12 Material  10.13 The golden hour and the early stages  10.14 Victims and witnesses  10.15 Interviewing witnesses  10.16 Investigative knowledge  11. Drug and Alcohol Related Crime  11.1 Introduction  11.2 Drugs and drug crime  11.3 Legislation and drugs  11.4 Policing drug-related crime  11.5 Analysis of drugs: how do we know what drug it is?  11.6 Basic facts about drinking and its effects  11.7 Legislation related to alcohol  11.8 Drink and crime  11.9 Government strategy  11.10 Drinking and driving  12. Anti-Social Behaviour  12.1 Introduction  12.2 The impact of anti-social behaviour  12.3 Tackling anti-social behaviour  12.4 Problems of defining anti-social behaviour  12.5 Officially defining anti-social behaviour  12.6 Local definitions of anti-social behaviour  12.7 Why do we have anti-social behaviour?  12.8 What can be done to deal with anti-social behaviour?  12.9 Prevention  12.10 Intervention  12.11 Acceptable Behaviour Contracts  12.12 Youth Offending Teams  12.13 Parenting contract  12.14 Referring a person for a parenting contract  12.15 Failure to comply  12.16 Different types of Parenting Order  12.17 Requirements of a Parenting Order  12.18 Breach of a Parenting Order  12.19 Anti-social Behaviour Orders  12.20 Who can apply for an ASBO?  12.21 Against whom can be an ASBO be made?  12.22 Who can make an Anti-social Behaviour Order?  12.23 What does and ASBO do?  12.24 Breach of an ASBO  12.25 Types of ASBO  12.26 Dispersal Orders  12.27 Other measures that can be used against anti-social behaviour  12.28 Victim and witness support  12.29 Hearsay evidence  12.30 Professional witnesses  12.31 Special Measures  12.32 Conclusion  13. Operational Response  13.1 Introduction  13.2 Safety and liability  13.3 Responding to unplanned events  13.4 Planned events and targeted operations  13.5 Communicating pre-planned operational information  13.6 Debriefing police operations  13.7 Conclusion  14. Arrests  14.1 What is an arrest?  14.2 Reasonable grounds to suspect  14.3 Powers of arrest  14.4 Human Rights Act 1998  14.5 Necessity test  14.6 What an arrested person must be told  14.7 Use of force when making an arrest  14.8 Searching arrested people  15. The Custody Suite  15.1 Police detention  15.2 Custody officers  15.3 Custody records  15.4 Risk assessments and deaths in police custody  15.5 Detainees' entitlements  15.6 Detention times  15.7 Methods of prosecution  15.8 Bail  15.9 Detention after charge  16. Roads Policing  16.1 Introduction  16.2 Road safety and roads policing strategy  16.3 Denying criminal use of the roads by enforcing the law  16.4 Reducing road casualties  16.5 Tackling the threat of terrorism  16.6 Reducing anti-social use of the roads  16.7 Enhancing public confidence and reassurance by patrolling the roads  16.8 Working in partnership  16.9 Human rights  17. Terrorism  17.1 Introduction  17.2 Government response to terrorism  17.3 The police officer's role in anti-terrorism  17.4 Protecting businesses against terrorism  17.5 Example of a terrorist group: Al Qaeda  17.6 Anti-terrorism: accountability and control  18. Future Directions  18.1 Introduction  18.2 Demands on the police  18.3 Police training


    Colin Rogers is a Lecturer in Criminology in the Department of Health, Sport and Science at the University of Glamorgan. Prior to this, he was a Police Inspector with South Wales Police for 30 years. His areas of expertise include community safety partnerships, situational crime prevention, problem oriented partnerships and also police governance and accountability.

    Rhobert Lewis is Associate Dean of the Department of Health, Sport and Science at the University of Glamorgan. His particular areas of expertise are police training, and forensic and police sciences.