Introduction to Process Geomorphology: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Process Geomorphology

1st Edition

By Vijay K. Sharma

CRC Press

435 pages | 228 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439803370
pub: 2010-04-21
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Description

Introduction to Process Geomorphology provides an integrative approach to the process dynamics and the origin of landforms by the contemporary processes involved in their evolution. The author highlights the physical and chemical laws governing the activity of the earth-surface processes in specific environmental stress conditions, puts forward competing hypotheses on the evolution of landforms, and discusses the bases of internal geologic processes for the explanation of the tectogenic features of the earth.

Landforms evolve over a long period of cyclic and geologic time, inheriting the imprints of past process rates and/or process domains. The principles and methods of evaluating the signature of environmental change are highlighted in the text by citing suitable studies. The process-form relationships provide the building blocks also for the optimum utilization of the land resources of the earth, and quantitative assessment of the stability of geomorphic systems and the quality of environment. The approach in this part of the text enables readers to gain an in-depth understanding of the application of the principles of geomorphology to the evaluation, planning, and management of the earth’s resources for sustainable development.

This book discusses process dynamics in quantitative terms and reviews theories on the evolution of landforms that flow from theoretical and empirical data. It offers examples and case studies that enable students to comprehend the related components of process-landform relationships. The review and synthesis of information found in each chapter provides a better understanding of the complexity of still inadequately understood process activities and the manner of landform evolution.

Table of Contents

Process Geomorphology

Nature of Process Geomorphology

Systems Concept in Geomorphology

Thresholds

Climate and Processes

Frequency Concept of Geomorphic Processes

Environmental Change

Summary

References

Geologic Processes and Properties of the Earth Materials

Origin of the Earth

Fundamental Divisions of the Earth

Internal Structure of the Earth

Geothermal Heat

Plate Tectonics

Plate Boundary and Seismicity

Rocks

Deformation of Rocks and Sediments

Sediments

Deformation of Sediments

Stress-Strain Relationships

Summary

References

Weathering

Mechanical Weathering

Chemical Weathering

Biochemical, Adsorption, and Photochemical Processes in Coastal Environments

Biological Weathering

Bacterial Activity

Weathering Profile

Soil Profile

Pedogenic Regimes

Related Deposits

Summary

References

Mass Movement

Causes

Classification of Mass Movement Activity

Slow Movemnts

Rapid Movements

Falls

Slides

Avalanches

Summary

References

Fluvial Processes

Types of Flow

Stream Load

Stream Flow

Sediment Transport

Regimes of Flow

Hydraulic Geometry

Channel Patterns

Summary

References

Fluvial Processes and Depositional Landforms

Flood Plains

Flood Plain Processes

Alluvial Fans

River Deltas

Summary

References

Glacial Processes and Landforms

Glacier Ice

Glacier Deformation

Erosion in a Glacial Environment

Erosional Features of Glacial Environment

Glacial Transport

Landforms of Drift Deposition

Active Ice Environment and Landforms

Stagnant Ice Environment and Landforms

Ice-Contact Environment and Landforms

Proglacial Ice Environment and Landforms

Summary

References

Periglacial Processes and Landforms

Identification

Frozen Ground

Classification of Frozen Ground

Major Features of Ground Ice

Periglacial Processes and Landforms

Summary

References

Aeolian Environment and Landforms

Bases of Aeolian Activity

Thresholds of Motion

Sediment Transport

Sediment Transport Rate

Wind Erosion

Dust Storms

Wind Deposition

Features of Wind Erosion

Features of Wind Deposition

Summary

References

Karst

Types of Karst Landscape

Groundwater in Karst

Dissolution Mechanism

Mechanical and Biochemical Erosion

Other Factors

Karst Landforms

Summary

References

Coastal Processes and Landforms

Gradational Processes

Tidal Currents

Wave-Induced Currents

Tsunamis

Sediment Transport

Weathering

Erosion

Features of Marine Erosion

Features of Marine Deposition

Organic Reefs

Sea Level Change

Classification of Coasts

Coast of India

Summary

References

Applied Geomorphology

Applications of Geomorphology

Land Resource Planning

Environmental Impacts

Salt Hazards

Channelization

Summary

References

Abbreviations

Glossary

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI019000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General
SCI031000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology