1st Edition

Introduction to Solid State Ionics Phenomenology and Applications

By C. S. Sunandana Copyright 2016
    543 Pages 1 Color & 554 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Introduction to Solid State Ionics: Phenomenology and Applications presents a pedagogical, graduate-level treatment of the science and technology of superionic conductors, also known as fast ion conductors or solid electrolytes. Suitable for physics, materials science, and engineering researchers and students, the text emphasizes basic physics and chemistry as well as applications of electrochemical energy materials.

    The book focuses on fundamental phenomenological aspects, including crystal structure, phonon dispersion, electronic band structure, defects, disorder, nonstoichiometry, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, phase transitions, and statistical mechanics of iono-electron transport. It explains how the design, synthesis, and characterization of materials aid in optimizing diffusion coefficients and ionic conductivities. The author also describes important applications of solid state ionics, including solid state batteries, fuel cells, and electrochemical sensors.

    Introduction to Solid State Ionics
    Ionic Solid State—Home of Defects and Disorders
    Physics of Ionic Conduction
    Scope of the Book

    Solid State Ionic Materials
    Phase Diagrams and Phase Stability of Ionic Materials
    Classification of Solid State Ionic Materials
    Phase Transition as a Paradigm of Solid State Ionics

    Materials Synthesis
    Bulk Solid-State Ionic Materials
    Thin-Film Synthesis Technologies
    Fabrication of the Li-Ion Battery

    Materials Characterization

    Phase Transitions in Solid State Ionic Materials
    Models and Theories
    Athermal Phase Transitions
    Order–Disorder Phase Transitions in Li-Transition Metal Oxides

    The Interionic Potential and Force: The Basis for Lattice Dynamics
    Phonon Dispersion in Typical Solid State Ionic Materials
    Anharmonicity and Its Consequences
    Optical Phonons in AgI-Type Compounds
    The Kramers Problem
    Soft Modes

    Electronic Structure
    Nature of the Superionic Bond
    Bond Fluctuations and Phase Transitions
    Critical Ionicity Marginal Covalency and Electronic Structure
    Density Functional Theory of Electronic Structure of Superionic Conductors
    Electron Relaxation in LiFePO4
    Role of Electronic Structure in 2D and 3D Li and Na Insertion Compounds

    The All Solid State Battery
    Nature’s Own Battery and the Car Battery
    The Li+-Ion Physics and Battery Components
    Li-Air (Li-Oxygen) Battery
    Thin Film Battery
    The Na+-Ion Battery
    Li+ Polymer Battery
    An Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Technology
    Batteries for Electrical Vehicles

    Fuel Cells and Sensors
    Fuel Cells
    Electrochemical Supercapacitors
    Electrochemical Sensors

    What Is Nanoionics?
    Structure Defects and Conductivity
    Thermodynamics and Electrostatics
    Phase Transitions in Nanoionics
    Physics for Devices
    Superionic Superlattices

    In Lieu of an Epilogue
    Ions’ Meet

    Problems and References appear at the end of each chapter.


    C.S. Sunandana is an honorary professor in the School of Physics at the University of Hyderabad. He is a fellow of the Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences, foundation member of the Materials Research Society of India, and a life member of the Indian Physics Association. Dr. Sunandana has published more than 150 research articles in peer-reviewed journals and coauthored three books. He earned a PhD in physics from the Indian Institute of Technology. His research interests encompass condensed matter physics and physics of materials.

    "In each chapter, I like the gradual progression from the basic physics and chemistry concepts to a clear description and discussion of practical devices of current technological interest. … There is a definite need for a book of this type. Most electrochemistry books focus attention on the physical and analytical aspects of the subject. Very few books consider solid state ionics in one complete volume. … This book has the potential to be an excellent seller. The author can write and communicate complex ideas very well indeed. I would like to have a copy on my bookshelf and I would certainly use the book in my advanced courses."
    —Professor Mike Lyons, School of Chemistry and CRANN, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland