Introduction to Solid State Ionics: Phenomenology and Applications presents a pedagogical, graduate-level treatment of the science and technology of superionic conductors, also known as fast ion conductors or solid electrolytes. Suitable for physics, materials science, and engineering researchers and students, the text emphasizes basic physics and chemistry as well as applications of electrochemical energy materials.
The book focuses on fundamental phenomenological aspects, including crystal structure, phonon dispersion, electronic band structure, defects, disorder, nonstoichiometry, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, phase transitions, and statistical mechanics of iono-electron transport. It explains how the design, synthesis, and characterization of materials aid in optimizing diffusion coefficients and ionic conductivities. The author also describes important applications of solid state ionics, including solid state batteries, fuel cells, and electrochemical sensors.
Table of Contents
Introduction to Solid State Ionics
Ionic Solid State—Home of Defects and Disorders
Physics of Ionic Conduction
Scope of the Book
Solid State Ionic Materials
Phase Diagrams and Phase Stability of Ionic Materials
Classification of Solid State Ionic Materials
Phase Transition as a Paradigm of Solid State Ionics
Bulk Solid-State Ionic Materials
Thin-Film Synthesis Technologies
Fabrication of the Li-Ion Battery
Phase Transitions in Solid State Ionic Materials
Models and Theories
Athermal Phase Transitions
Order–Disorder Phase Transitions in Li-Transition Metal Oxides
The Interionic Potential and Force: The Basis for Lattice Dynamics
Phonon Dispersion in Typical Solid State Ionic Materials
Anharmonicity and Its Consequences
Optical Phonons in AgI-Type Compounds
The Kramers Problem
Nature of the Superionic Bond
Bond Fluctuations and Phase Transitions
Critical Ionicity Marginal Covalency and Electronic Structure
Density Functional Theory of Electronic Structure of Superionic Conductors
Electron Relaxation in LiFePO4
Role of Electronic Structure in 2D and 3D Li and Na Insertion Compounds
The All Solid State Battery
Nature’s Own Battery and the Car Battery
The Li+-Ion Physics and Battery Components
Li-Air (Li-Oxygen) Battery
Thin Film Battery
The Na+-Ion Battery
Li+ Polymer Battery
An Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Technology
Batteries for Electrical Vehicles
Fuel Cells and Sensors
What Is Nanoionics?
Structure Defects and Conductivity
Thermodynamics and Electrostatics
Phase Transitions in Nanoionics
Physics for Devices
In Lieu of an Epilogue
Problems and References appear at the end of each chapter.
C.S. Sunandana is an honorary professor in the School of Physics at the University of Hyderabad. He is a fellow of the Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences, foundation member of the Materials Research Society of India, and a life member of the Indian Physics Association. Dr. Sunandana has published more than 150 research articles in peer-reviewed journals and coauthored three books. He earned a PhD in physics from the Indian Institute of Technology. His research interests encompass condensed matter physics and physics of materials.
"In each chapter, I like the gradual progression from the basic physics and chemistry concepts to a clear description and discussion of practical devices of current technological interest. … There is a definite need for a book of this type. Most electrochemistry books focus attention on the physical and analytical aspects of the subject. Very few books consider solid state ionics in one complete volume. … This book has the potential to be an excellent seller. The author can write and communicate complex ideas very well indeed. I would like to have a copy on my bookshelf and I would certainly use the book in my advanced courses."
—Professor Mike Lyons, School of Chemistry and CRANN, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland