1st Edition

Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering

By Vijay P. Singh Copyright 2016
    456 Pages
    by CRC Press

    456 Pages 196 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Focuses On an Emerging Field in Water Engineering

    A broad treatment of the Tsallis entropy theory presented from a water resources engineering point of view, Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering fills a growing need for material on this theory and its relevant applications in the area of water engineering. This self-contained text includes several solved examples, and requires only a basic knowledge of mathematics and probability theory. Divided into four parts, the book begins with a detailed discussion of Tsallis entropy, moves on to hydraulics, expounds on the subject of hydrology, and ends with broad coverage on a wide variety of areas in water engineering.

    The author addresses:

    • The Tsallis entropy theory for both discrete and continuous variables
    • The procedure for deriving probability distributions
    • One-dimensional velocity distributions
    • Two-dimensional velocity distributions
    • Methods for determining sediment concentration
    • Sediment discharge
    • Stage–discharge rating curve
    • Precipitation variability
    • Infiltration and the derivation of infiltration equations
    • An introduction to soil moisture, soil moisture profiles, and their estimation
    • Flow duration curves
    • The eco-index and indicators of hydrologic alteration (IHA)
    • Measures of redundancy for water distribution networks, and more

    Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering examines the basic concepts of the Tsallis entropy theory, and considers its current applications and potential for future use. This book advances further research on water engineering, hydrologic sciences, environmental sciences, and water resources engineering as they relate to the Tsallis entropy theory.

    Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory
    Probability Distributions
    One-Dimensional Velocity Distributions
    Two-Dimensional Velocity Distributions
    Suspended Sediment Concentration
    Suspended Sediment Discharge
    Sediment Concentration in Debris Flow
    Stage-Discharge Relation
    Precipitation Variability
    Movement of Soil Moisture
    Flow Duration Curve
    Redundancy Measures for Water Distribution Networks


    Vijay P. Singh is a distinguished professor in the Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering as well as the Zachry Department of Civil Engineering at Texas A&M University. He received his B.S., M.S., Ph.D., and D.Sc. degrees in engineering. He specializes in surface-water hydrology, groundwater hydrology, hydraulics, irrigation engineering, environmental quality, and water resources. Dr. Singh has published more than 24 textbooks. He is a registered professional engineer, a registered professional hydrologist, and an honorary diplomat in water resources engineering of the American Academy of Water Resources Engineers.

    "… a comprehensive introduction to hydrologic processes from the entropy perspective."
    —Professor Upmanu Lall, Columbia University, New York, USA

    "Dr. Singh does an excellent job of combining the Tsallis entropy theory with water engineering for water flow and transport of sediment in hydraulics. I greatly admire the approach—the details and the rigor presented in this book. I would definitely have this on my bookshelf."
    —Professor Venkat Lakshmi, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA

    "The book is organized well. … The topics covered are relevant, and more importantly, come with examples. … The main strength of the book is the compilation of Tsallis entropy applications in water resources engineering by one of the foremost researchers in the world on this topic. The style and presentation is within the reach of most graduate students, and should appeal to academics and practitioners."
    —Professor Rao S. Govindaraju, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana, USA

    "… Dr. Singh’s book provides an easy-to-digest summary of the fundamentals of using entropy concepts. He illustrates the methods using a broad array of detailed applications. … a primary resource for anyone interested in learning and applying entropy concepts."
    —Professor Richard H. McCuen, University of Maryland, College Park, USA

    "… a game changer for research and practice in water resources engineering. … The author has explicitly demonstrated the unifying nature of Tsallis entropy theory in developing solutions to water resources problems. This book will hail a new era for solving problems based [on] Tsallis entropy theory in water resources engineering."
    —Professor Umed Panu, Lakehead University, Ontario, Canada