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Introduction to the Physics of Highly Charged Ions




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ISBN 9780750304818
Published December 6, 2002 by CRC Press
361 Pages

 
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Book Description

Emphasizing a physical understanding with many illustrations, Introduction to the Physics of Highly Charged Ions covers the major areas of x-ray radiation and elementary atomic processes occurring with highly charged ions in hot laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. Topics include light and ion sources, spectroscopy, atomic structure, magnetic and QED effects, and a thorough look at atomic collisions, from elementary processes in plasmas to ion-surface interaction and hollow atoms. Avoiding unnecessary mathematical details, this book is accessible to a broad range of readers, including graduate students and researchers.

Table of Contents

Preface
INTRODUCTION
General remarks
Atomic masses, charges and sizes
Ions in nature
Ions in the laboratory
Visualization of single atoms

RADIATION
Light and radiation
The electromagnetic spectrum
The distribution of radiation
Diffraction and interference
The Doppler effect

SPECTROSCOPY
Spectral lines
The quantum nature of radiation
The photoelectric effect
Compton scattering
Mossbauer spectroscopy
Spectral-line analysis
The inner concept of atoms

LIGHT AND ION SOURCES
Basic Physical considerations
Bremsstrahlung
Synchrotron radiation
Ion accelerators
Ion cooler rings
Tokamak
Electron-cyclotron-resonance ion source
Electron-beam ion source and trap

ATOMIC STRUCTURE
Classification of spectral lines
Coupling schemes
Selection rules
Transition probabilities
Lifetimes
Autoionizing states
One-electron systems
Relativistic effects and the fine structure
Magnetic effects and the hyperfine structure
QED effects and the Lamb shift
Multi-electron systems
Transition energies and x-ray spectra
External fields
Quantum theory of line shape
Absorption edges
Polarization of x-ray lines and continuum

ATOMIC COLLISIONS
Elementary processes in plasmas
The principle of detailed balance
Local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE)
Non-equilibrium plasma and the coronal limit
Emission and absorption
Excitation and de-excitation
Ionization and three-body recombination
Dielectronic recombination
Ion-ion collisions
Ion-surface interaction and hollow atoms

Conclusion and further reading
Appendix
Atomic physics in chronological order
Index

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Reviews

"The authors are well-known experts in the physics of highly charged ions. This book provides a lucid introduction to the field including a profound review of recent experimental and theoretical results. This makes it suitable for a broad audience and also valuable for researchers working on these topics."
- Professor V.M. Shabaev