Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation  book cover
1st Edition

Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation

ISBN 9780849373923
Published November 8, 2007 by CRC Press
304 Pages 133 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Choosing the proper material testing technique is important not just for economic reasons; in many circumstances, it can save lives. Building on the common links among all types of material evaluation methods, Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation presents a thorough examination of all types of destructive and nondestructive testing methods, focusing on the advantages and practical utility of each. It offers students the opportunity to learn the underlying physical principles, rather than a laundry list of techniques, to make sure they choose the right method.

Developing an understanding of the way different types of energy interact with materials, the author first discusses relevant physical properties and how to determine them using mechanical, acoustic, thermal, optical, electrical, magnetic, and radiative energy. For the remainder of the book, he systematically examines the testing methods derived from these types of energy, how the methods work, how to identify defects and potential problems, and how to make decisions based on the results. Numerous illustrations, examples, and exercises help demonstrate the concepts and reinforce learning. The book also explores related issues such as choosing between destructive and nondestructive methods, the probability of defect detection, reliability and decision making, and lifetime extension.

This text offers a unified and practical perspective on a wide variety of testing techniques and their effective use. Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation is the ideal choice to give students a strong basis for making effective decisions and gain a firm understanding of materials testing.

Table of Contents

Fundamentals of Materials Evaluation and the Concept of Lifetime of Materials
Various Methods in Materials Evaluation
Mechanical Properties of Materials
Effects of Stress on a Material
Stress–Strain Relationships and Elastic Properties
Sound Waves: Acoustic and Ultrasonic Properties of Materials
Vibrations and Waves
Relationship between Mechanical Properties and Wave Propagation
Launching Waves in Materials
Thermal Properties of Materials
Thermal Effects in Materials
Temperature Dependence of Materials Properties
Effects of Heat on Structure of Materials
Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials
Electrical Insulators
Electrical Conductors
Electrical Measurements for Materials Testing
Magnetic Fields
Effects of Radiation on Materials
Basics of X-Rays
Interaction of X-Rays with Materials
Exposure, Dose, and Dose Rate
Mechanical Testing Methods
Tensile Testing
Hardness Tests
Cracks and Failure of Materials
Impact and Fracture Tests
Ultrasonic Testing Methods
Generation of Ultrasound in Materials
Inhomogeneous and Layered Materials
Angle Beams and Guided Waves
Electrical Testing Methods
Basics of Eddy Current Testing
Eddy Current Sensors
Factors Affecting Eddy Current Response
Magnetic Testing Methods
Magnetic Methods for Evaluation of Defects
Magnetic Particle Inspection
Radiographic Testing Methods
X-Ray Imaging
Radiographic Film
Thermal Testing Methods
Heat Transfer
Thermal Inspection Procedures
Destructive vs. Nondestructive Testing
Testing Options
Materials Characterization
Defect Detection
Terminology for Nondestructive Evaluation
Probability of Detection
Statistical Variation of Signal Levels
Reliability and Lifetime Extension
Reliability and Criteria for Decisions
Lifetime Extension
Appendix: Solutions to Exercises
*Each Chapter Provides References to Original Papers and Suggested Material for Further Reading

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"Three titles from CRC Press look of interest, though I have not seen the books themselves… Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation by D.C. Jiles, which covers mechanical properties, acoustic and ultrasonic properties, thermal properties, electrical and magnetic properties, effects of radiation, mechanical, ultrasonic, electrical, magnetic, radiographic and thermal testing methods, destructive vs. non-destructive testing, defect detection and reliability and lifetime extension. An appendix provides solutions to the exercises. All this is squeezed into 272 pages."

—P.W. Hawkes in Ultramicroscopy 108 (2008)


"The book is well written . . . illustrations are fairly good . . . Useful to graduate students, faculty, and professionals involved with materials testing, and a good acquisition for an academic or industrial library. Summing Up: Recommended."

– T. Z. Kattamis, University of Connecticut, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, April 2008, Vol. 45, No. 8