Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation

1st Edition

By David C. Jiles

CRC Press

304 pages | 133 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2007-11-08
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Choosing the proper material testing technique is important not just for economic reasons; in many circumstances, it can save lives. Building on the common links among all types of material evaluation methods, Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation presents a thorough examination of all types of destructive and nondestructive testing methods, focusing on the advantages and practical utility of each. It offers students the opportunity to learn the underlying physical principles, rather than a laundry list of techniques, to make sure they choose the right method.

Developing an understanding of the way different types of energy interact with materials, the author first discusses relevant physical properties and how to determine them using mechanical, acoustic, thermal, optical, electrical, magnetic, and radiative energy. For the remainder of the book, he systematically examines the testing methods derived from these types of energy, how the methods work, how to identify defects and potential problems, and how to make decisions based on the results. Numerous illustrations, examples, and exercises help demonstrate the concepts and reinforce learning. The book also explores related issues such as choosing between destructive and nondestructive methods, the probability of defect detection, reliability and decision making, and lifetime extension.

This text offers a unified and practical perspective on a wide variety of testing techniques and their effective use. Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation is the ideal choice to give students a strong basis for making effective decisions and gain a firm understanding of materials testing.


"Three titles from CRC Press look of interest, though I have not seen the books themselves… Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation by D.C. Jiles, which covers mechanical properties, acoustic and ultrasonic properties, thermal properties, electrical and magnetic properties, effects of radiation, mechanical, ultrasonic, electrical, magnetic, radiographic and thermal testing methods, destructive vs. non-destructive testing, defect detection and reliability and lifetime extension. An appendix provides solutions to the exercises. All this is squeezed into 272 pages."

—P.W. Hawkes in Ultramicroscopy 108 (2008)

"The book is well written . . . illustrations are fairly good . . . Useful to graduate students, faculty, and professionals involved with materials testing, and a good acquisition for an academic or industrial library. Summing Up: Recommended."

– T. Z. Kattamis, University of Connecticut, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, April 2008, Vol. 45, No. 8

Table of Contents


Fundamentals of Materials Evaluation and the Concept of Lifetime of Materials


Various Methods in Materials Evaluation

Mechanical Properties of Materials

Effects of Stress on a Material

Stress–Strain Relationships and Elastic Properties



Sound Waves: Acoustic and Ultrasonic Properties of Materials

Vibrations and Waves

Relationship between Mechanical Properties and Wave Propagation

Launching Waves in Materials


Thermal Properties of Materials

Thermal Effects in Materials

Temperature Dependence of Materials Properties

Effects of Heat on Structure of Materials


Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials

Electrical Insulators

Electrical Conductors

Electrical Measurements for Materials Testing

Magnetic Fields


Effects of Radiation on Materials

Basics of X-Rays

Interaction of X-Rays with Materials

Exposure, Dose, and Dose Rate


Mechanical Testing Methods

Tensile Testing

Hardness Tests

Cracks and Failure of Materials

Impact and Fracture Tests


Ultrasonic Testing Methods

Generation of Ultrasound in Materials

Inhomogeneous and Layered Materials

Angle Beams and Guided Waves


Electrical Testing Methods

Basics of Eddy Current Testing

Eddy Current Sensors

Factors Affecting Eddy Current Response


Magnetic Testing Methods


Magnetic Methods for Evaluation of Defects

Magnetic Particle Inspection


Radiographic Testing Methods

X-Ray Imaging

Radiographic Film



Thermal Testing Methods

Heat Transfer

Thermal Inspection Procedures


Destructive vs. Nondestructive Testing

Testing Options

Materials Characterization


Defect Detection

Terminology for Nondestructive Evaluation

Probability of Detection

Statistical Variation of Signal Levels


Reliability and Lifetime Extension

Reliability and Criteria for Decisions

Lifetime Extension


Appendix: Solutions to Exercises


*Each Chapter Provides References to Original Papers and Suggested Material for Further Reading

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BISAC Subject Codes/Headings: