1st Edition

Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation

By David C. Jiles Copyright 2007
    298 Pages 133 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Choosing the proper material testing technique is important not just for economic reasons; in many circumstances, it can save lives. Building on the common links among all types of material evaluation methods, Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation presents a thorough examination of all types of destructive and nondestructive testing methods, focusing on the advantages and practical utility of each. It offers students the opportunity to learn the underlying physical principles, rather than a laundry list of techniques, to make sure they choose the right method.

    Developing an understanding of the way different types of energy interact with materials, the author first discusses relevant physical properties and how to determine them using mechanical, acoustic, thermal, optical, electrical, magnetic, and radiative energy. For the remainder of the book, he systematically examines the testing methods derived from these types of energy, how the methods work, how to identify defects and potential problems, and how to make decisions based on the results. Numerous illustrations, examples, and exercises help demonstrate the concepts and reinforce learning. The book also explores related issues such as choosing between destructive and nondestructive methods, the probability of defect detection, reliability and decision making, and lifetime extension.

    This text offers a unified and practical perspective on a wide variety of testing techniques and their effective use. Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation is the ideal choice to give students a strong basis for making effective decisions and gain a firm understanding of materials testing.

    Fundamentals of Materials Evaluation and the Concept of Lifetime of Materials
    Various Methods in Materials Evaluation
    Mechanical Properties of Materials
    Effects of Stress on a Material
    Stress–Strain Relationships and Elastic Properties
    Sound Waves: Acoustic and Ultrasonic Properties of Materials
    Vibrations and Waves
    Relationship between Mechanical Properties and Wave Propagation
    Launching Waves in Materials
    Thermal Properties of Materials
    Thermal Effects in Materials
    Temperature Dependence of Materials Properties
    Effects of Heat on Structure of Materials
    Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials
    Electrical Insulators
    Electrical Conductors
    Electrical Measurements for Materials Testing
    Magnetic Fields
    Effects of Radiation on Materials
    Basics of X-Rays
    Interaction of X-Rays with Materials
    Exposure, Dose, and Dose Rate
    Mechanical Testing Methods
    Tensile Testing
    Hardness Tests
    Cracks and Failure of Materials
    Impact and Fracture Tests
    Ultrasonic Testing Methods
    Generation of Ultrasound in Materials
    Inhomogeneous and Layered Materials
    Angle Beams and Guided Waves
    Electrical Testing Methods
    Basics of Eddy Current Testing
    Eddy Current Sensors
    Factors Affecting Eddy Current Response
    Magnetic Testing Methods
    Magnetic Methods for Evaluation of Defects
    Magnetic Particle Inspection
    Radiographic Testing Methods
    X-Ray Imaging
    Radiographic Film
    Thermal Testing Methods
    Heat Transfer
    Thermal Inspection Procedures
    Destructive vs. Nondestructive Testing
    Testing Options
    Materials Characterization
    Defect Detection
    Terminology for Nondestructive Evaluation
    Probability of Detection
    Statistical Variation of Signal Levels
    Reliability and Lifetime Extension
    Reliability and Criteria for Decisions
    Lifetime Extension
    Appendix: Solutions to Exercises
    *Each Chapter Provides References to Original Papers and Suggested Material for Further Reading


    David C. Jiles

    "Three titles from CRC Press look of interest, though I have not seen the books themselves… Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation by D.C. Jiles, which covers mechanical properties, acoustic and ultrasonic properties, thermal properties, electrical and magnetic properties, effects of radiation, mechanical, ultrasonic, electrical, magnetic, radiographic and thermal testing methods, destructive vs. non-destructive testing, defect detection and reliability and lifetime extension. An appendix provides solutions to the exercises. All this is squeezed into 272 pages."

    —P.W. Hawkes in Ultramicroscopy 108 (2008)


    "The book is well written . . . illustrations are fairly good . . . Useful to graduate students, faculty, and professionals involved with materials testing, and a good acquisition for an academic or industrial library. Summing Up: Recommended."

    – T. Z. Kattamis, University of Connecticut, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, April 2008, Vol. 45, No. 8