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Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation




ISBN 9780849373923
Published November 8, 2007 by CRC Press
304 Pages - 133 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Choosing the proper material testing technique is important not just for economic reasons; in many circumstances, it can save lives. Building on the common links among all types of material evaluation methods, Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation presents a thorough examination of all types of destructive and nondestructive testing methods, focusing on the advantages and practical utility of each. It offers students the opportunity to learn the underlying physical principles, rather than a laundry list of techniques, to make sure they choose the right method.

Developing an understanding of the way different types of energy interact with materials, the author first discusses relevant physical properties and how to determine them using mechanical, acoustic, thermal, optical, electrical, magnetic, and radiative energy. For the remainder of the book, he systematically examines the testing methods derived from these types of energy, how the methods work, how to identify defects and potential problems, and how to make decisions based on the results. Numerous illustrations, examples, and exercises help demonstrate the concepts and reinforce learning. The book also explores related issues such as choosing between destructive and nondestructive methods, the probability of defect detection, reliability and decision making, and lifetime extension.

This text offers a unified and practical perspective on a wide variety of testing techniques and their effective use. Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation is the ideal choice to give students a strong basis for making effective decisions and gain a firm understanding of materials testing.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Fundamentals of Materials Evaluation and the Concept of Lifetime of Materials
Testing
Various Methods in Materials Evaluation
Mechanical Properties of Materials
Effects of Stress on a Material
Stress–Strain Relationships and Elastic Properties
Hardness
References
Sound Waves: Acoustic and Ultrasonic Properties of Materials
Vibrations and Waves
Relationship between Mechanical Properties and Wave Propagation
Launching Waves in Materials
References
Thermal Properties of Materials
Thermal Effects in Materials
Temperature Dependence of Materials Properties
Effects of Heat on Structure of Materials
References
Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials
Electrical Insulators
Electrical Conductors
Electrical Measurements for Materials Testing
Magnetic Fields
References
Effects of Radiation on Materials
Basics of X-Rays
Interaction of X-Rays with Materials
Exposure, Dose, and Dose Rate
References
Mechanical Testing Methods
Tensile Testing
Hardness Tests
Cracks and Failure of Materials
Impact and Fracture Tests
References
Ultrasonic Testing Methods
Generation of Ultrasound in Materials
Inhomogeneous and Layered Materials
Angle Beams and Guided Waves
References
Electrical Testing Methods
Basics of Eddy Current Testing
Eddy Current Sensors
Factors Affecting Eddy Current Response
References
Magnetic Testing Methods
Magnetization
Magnetic Methods for Evaluation of Defects
Magnetic Particle Inspection
References
Radiographic Testing Methods
X-Ray Imaging
Radiographic Film
Radiographs
References
Thermal Testing Methods
Heat Transfer
Thermal Inspection Procedures
References
Destructive vs. Nondestructive Testing
Testing Options
Materials Characterization
References
Defect Detection
Terminology for Nondestructive Evaluation
Probability of Detection
Statistical Variation of Signal Levels
References
Reliability and Lifetime Extension
Reliability and Criteria for Decisions
Lifetime Extension
References
Appendix: Solutions to Exercises
Index
*Each Chapter Provides References to Original Papers and Suggested Material for Further Reading

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Reviews

"Three titles from CRC Press look of interest, though I have not seen the books themselves… Introduction to the Principles of Materials Evaluation by D.C. Jiles, which covers mechanical properties, acoustic and ultrasonic properties, thermal properties, electrical and magnetic properties, effects of radiation, mechanical, ultrasonic, electrical, magnetic, radiographic and thermal testing methods, destructive vs. non-destructive testing, defect detection and reliability and lifetime extension. An appendix provides solutions to the exercises. All this is squeezed into 272 pages."

—P.W. Hawkes in Ultramicroscopy 108 (2008)

 

"The book is well written . . . illustrations are fairly good . . . Useful to graduate students, faculty, and professionals involved with materials testing, and a good acquisition for an academic or industrial library. Summing Up: Recommended."

– T. Z. Kattamis, University of Connecticut, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, April 2008, Vol. 45, No. 8