Investigating Animal Abuse Crime Scenes : A Field Guide book cover
1st Edition

Investigating Animal Abuse Crime Scenes
A Field Guide




  • Available for pre-order on April 21, 2023. Item will ship after May 12, 2023
ISBN 9781032482651
May 12, 2023 Forthcoming by CRC Press
360 Pages 200 Color & 11 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Animal abuse is well established as a gateway crime linked to other forms of antisocial behaviors and broader criminal violence. Increased awareness of the link between animal abuse and criminal behavior has led many states to mandate cross-reporting between agencies overseeing the welfare of families and of animals.  

Investigating Animal Abuse Crime Scenes: A Field Guide is designed for first responders—such as animal control officers and police officers—as well as forensic scientists and other criminal justice professionals who are who are tasked with processing and analyzing animal crime scenes and evidence. The book serves equally as a useful resource for those in the field and laboratory, in addition to those professionals who are further along in the investigative and judicial process. 

The book naturally divides into four distinct parts. Part I addresses general crime scene procedures that includes securing and releasing the scene, search and seizure issues, chain of custody, documentation, searching for evidence, and the use of enhancement technologies. While many readers may already be familiar with such concepts, coverage addresses these in the context of unique factors relating to animals and animal abuse cases. Part II will move into recognition, collection, and preservation of different types of evidence that may be located at animal abuse scenes, with examples of the most important evidence for specific case types. Additionally, each major type of evidence will be addressed in terms of specific recognition and collection considerations, as well as the forensic significance of the evidence. Important issues related to contamination or degradation of evidence will also be covered.  

Part III addresses the role of the veterinarian and the key aspects of veterinary forensic science. These include issues such as examining a living animal, time of death, cause and manner of death, wound patterns, the forensic necropsy, and key evidence collection from the animal(s), living or deceased. The emotional abuse of animals, both independently, and as a result of other forms of abuse, will be addressed throughout this section. Finally, Part IV presents useful checklists and templates for crime scenes processing, necropsy, and report writing.  

Investigating Animal Abuse Crime Scenes fills the growing need for a handy, comprehensive field reference that specifically focuses on the crime scene processing, investigation, analysis of evidence, and the subsequent adjudication of animal abuse cases within the court system. 

 

Table of Contents

Introduction

1. The Role of the Animal Control Officer and First Responders

Leigh Ann Wilson

2. Securing the Scene and First Actions

Virginia Maxwell

3. Search and Seizure

Virginia Maxwell

4. Documenting the Crime Scene

Virginia Maxwell

5. Locating Physical Evidence

Virginia Maxwell

6. Collection and Packaging of Evidence

Virginia Maxwell

7. Special Considerations for Crime Scene Investigation and Evidence Processing of Animal Abuse

Amanda Fitch

8. Large Scale Abuse Scenes

Martha Smith-Blackmore

9. Large Scale Abuse Cases

Martha Smith-Blackmore

10. Releasing the Scene

Virginia Maxwell

11. Biological Evidence and Blood Spatter

Virginia Maxwell

12. Trace and Chemical Evidence

Virginia Maxwell

13. Pattern Evidence

Virginia Maxwell

14. Drugs and Controlled Substances

Virginia Maxwell

15. Digital Evidence

Virginia Maxwell

16. The Forensic Veterinarian at the Crime Scene

Martha Smith-Blackmore

17. Physical Examination of Living Victims

Martha Smith-Blackmore

18. Postmortem Interval

Martha Smith-Blackmore

19. The Forensic Necropsy

Martha Smith-Blackmore

20. Non-Accidental Injury

Martha Smith-Blackmore

21. Neglect and Hoarding

Martha Smith-Blackmore

22. Animal Sexual Assault

Martha Smith-Blackmore

23. Animal Fighting

Martha Smith-Blackmore

24. Forensic Toxicology

Martha Smith-Blackmore

25. Report Writing and Court Testimony

Virginia Maxwell and Martha Smith-Blackmore

Appendix A: Evidence Collection and Packaging Summary

Virginia Maxwell

Appendix B: Non-Veterinary Crime Scene Kit

Virginia Maxwell

 

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Author(s)

Biography

Virginia Maxwell is Professor in the Forensic Science Department at the University of New Haven. She has over 30 years of experience in Forensic Science as both a practitioner in the State of Connecticut Forensic Science Laboratory and at the University of New Haven. As a practitioner Dr Maxwell specialized in trace evidence, examining cases ranging from property crimes to multiple homicides; she has provided expert testimony in criminal cases at both the state and federal level. Dr. Maxwell is the director of the MS Forensic Science and Assistant Chair of the Forensic Science Department. She teaches Forensic Investigation of Animal Cruelty and has created a graduate certificate in Animal Cruelty Investigation at the University. She also teaches Law and Forensic Science at the University of Connecticut School of Law. As part of the Collaboration for investigation of Animal Maltreatment with the University of Connecticut School of Law she has developed Animal Cruelty Investigation trainings for animal control officers and other first responders. Dr Maxwell’s research focuses on physical evidence issues in animal cruelty investigations, environmental degradation of pattern evidence and farm animal welfare. Dr. Maxwell is a member of the American Academy of Forensic Science, the Animals and Society Institute, the Dairy Cattle Welfare Council and the American Dairy Science Association. She holds a Doctorate in Physical Chemistry from Oxford University and Bachelor of Science in Chemistry from Liverpool University. She has published extensively on crime scene investigation, physical evidence, and trace and transfer evidence.

Martha Smith-Blackmore is a veterinarian and president of a private veterinary forensic consulting firm, Forensic Veterinary Investigations, LLC with over 25 years’ experience documenting cases of suspected animal cruelty and working as an expert witness in criminal and civil cases involving animals. Dr. Smith-Blackmore is a faculty fellow of the Center for Animals & Public Policy at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University in North Grafton, MA, teaching Veterinary Forensics, and Law & Veterinary Medicine. She is a recent Visiting Fellow in the Brooks McCormick Jr. Animal Law & Policy Program at Harvard Law School. She is an associate member of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, the National Association of Medical Examiners, the National Sheriffs Association, and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, appointed to their forensic science committee. She serves on the National Institute of Science and Technologies Organization of Scientific Area Committees in the Crime Scene Investigation and Reconstruction subcommittee. Dr. Smith-Blackmore's forensics career has included working with a variety of police departments, animal control departments and attorneys. She trained for one year at the Office of Chief Medical Examiner in Boston. Dr. Smith has contributed to the prosecution of cases of simple animal abuse, intentional abuse & torture, animal sexual abuse and animal fighting. She also works as a consulting expert witness for defense teams throughout the country.