1st Edition

Investigating the Truth Selected Works of Ray Bull

By Ray Bull Copyright 2019
    290 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    298 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    In the World Library of Psychologists series, international experts present career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces – extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, and their major practical theoretical contributions.

    The Selected Works of Professor Ray Bull include some of the most influential insights into the psychology of investigative interviewing. Whether it has been determining whether a suspect is lying or telling the truth, enabling children to provide reliable testimony, or understanding how the dynamics of the interview process itself can affect what is achieved, Professor Bull has been at the forefront in researching this fascinating area of applied psychology for over 40 years, his work informing practice internationally. An elected Honorary Fellow of the British Psychological Society and the first Honorary Life Member of the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group, Professor Bull also drafted parts of the government’s Memorandum of Good Practice and of Achieving Best Evidence on Video Recorded Interviews with Child Witnesses for Criminal Proceedings.

    Including a specially written introduction in which Professor Bull reflects on a wide-ranging career and contextualises how the field has evolved, this collection will be a valuable resource for students and researchers of forensic psychology.


    Part 2 - Investigative Interviewing of suspects

    1. Leahy-Harland, S., & Bull, R. (In press). Police strategies and suspect responses in real-life serious crime interviews
    2. Bull, R. (2013). What is ‘believed’ or actually ‘known’ about characteristics that may contribute to being a good/effective interviewer?
    3. Walsh, D., and Bull, R. (2012). Examining rapport in investigative interviews with suspects: Does its building and maintenance work?
    4. Soukara, S., Bull, R., Vrij, A., Turner, M., & Cherryman, C. (2009). A study of what really happens in police interviews with suspects.
    5. Part 3 - Investigative Interviewing of children

    6. Bull, R. (2010). The investigative interviewing of children and other vulnerable witnesses: Psychological research and working/professional practice
    7. Almerigogna, J., Ost, J., Bull, R., & Akehurst, L. (2007). A state of high anxiety: How unsupportive interviewers can increase the suggestibility of child witnesses
    8. Flin, R., Bull, R., Boon, J., & Knox, A. (1993). Child witnesses in Scottish criminal trials
    9. Part 4 - The ‘Cognitive interview

    10. Paulo, R., Albuquerque, P. B., & Bull, R. (2016). The Enhanced Cognitive Interview: Expressions of uncertainty, motivation and its relation with report accuracy.
    11. Milne, R., & Bull, R. (2003). Does the cognitive interview help children to resist the effects of suggestive questioning?
    12. Memon, A., Wark, L., Bull, R., & Köhnken, G. (1997). Isolating the effects of the cognitive interview techniques.
    13. Part 5 - Detecting truth/lies

    14. Dando, C., Bull, R., Ormerod, T., & Sandham, A. (2015). Helping to sort the liars from the truth-tellers: The gradual revelation of information during investigative interviews.
    15. Dando, C., & Bull, R. (2011). Maximising opportunities to detect verbal deception: Training police officers to interview tactically.
    16. Mann, S., Vrij, A., & Bull, R. (2004). Detecting true lies: Police officers’ ability to detect suspects’ lies.
    17. Part 6 - Police

    18. Bull, R., & Horncastle, P. (1994). Evaluation of police recruit training involving psychology
    19. Bull, R., & Reid, R. L. (1975). Police officers' recall of information


    Ray Bull is Professor of Criminal Investigation at The University of Derby, UK. He has previously held the position of President of the European Association of Psychology and Law. In 2008 he received from the European Association of Psychology and Law the Award for Life-time Contribution to Psychology and Law. He regularly acts as an expert witness and conducts workshops/training on investigative interviewing.