Investigative and Forensic Interviewing: A Personality-focused Approach, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Investigative and Forensic Interviewing

A Personality-focused Approach, 1st Edition

By Craig N. Ackley, Shannon M. Mack, Kristen Beyer, Philip Erdberg

CRC Press

196 pages | 8 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2010-12-02
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Description

Investigative and Forensic Interviewing: A Personality-Focused Approach looks at the personality styles most commonly encountered in the criminal justice system and demonstrates how to use this insight to plan and conduct a productive interview. The book includes chapters on narcissistic, antisocial, psychopathic, borderline, inadequate/immature, paranoid, and schizotypal personalities. Written by forensic psychologists and former FBI investigators, each chapter begins with a vignette that displays the personality of an interviewee investigators might encounter in a forensic setting and then covers:

  • Descriptions of how each personality style views him or herself and the world, and how these views lead to problematic behavior
  • Ways to indirectly assess a subject through interviews with associated others, and through review of records
  • Behaviors investigators are likely to encounter during the interview, and responses those behaviors may provoke
  • Clues garnered from nonverbal behavior, including eye contact, facial expressions, and posture
  • What type of questions to ask, and how to ask them

Finally, each chapter applies all of this information to an actual interview based on the opening vignette. This book is not for diagnosing personality disorders, but rather exists to help forensic interviewers understand the core traits that influence people’s responsiveness. This personality-focused approach is helpful for professionals in a variety of areas including police, attorneys, parole officers, mental health workers, and others who interview witnesses, suspects, and offenders throughout the criminal justice system.

Reviews

The book takes a user-friendly approach in following a uniform structure for each chapter, consisting of a description of the relevant personality disorder, preparing for the interview, conducting the interview, and key "dos-and-don’ts" points. … the present volume’s many cooks have managed to produce a tasty, digestible, and nourishing broth of useful knowledge that can enhance the productivity of clinical and forensic investigations alike.

—Laurence Miller, PhD, in International Journal of Emergency Mental Health

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

Purpose of This Book

How to Use This Book

Vignette

Description of the Personality

Assessing the Individual

Preparation Issues

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Interview versus Interrogation

Legal and Policy Considerations

Reference

Chapter 2 The Narcissistic Personality

Introduction

Description of the Oblivious Narcissist

Assessing the Oblivious Narcissist

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Video Recording)

Time Frame

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

Description of the Vulnerable Narcissist

Assessing the Vulnerable Narcissist

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Video Recording)

Time Frame

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

References

Chapter 3 The Antisocial Personality

Description of the Antisocial Personality

Assessing the Antisocial Personality

Important Areas and Nature of Inquiry

Questions

Sources of Information

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Video Recording)

Time Frame

Review of Records

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

Reference

Chapter 4 The Psychopathic Personality

Description of the Psychopathic Personality

Views of Self and Others

Low Levels of Fear and Anxiety

Emotional Deficiencies

Associated Features

Assessing the Psychopathic Personality

Core Questions

The Disciplined Psychopath

The Undisciplined Psychopath

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Visual Recording)

Time Frame

The Interview

Attacking and/or Hostile Behavior

Friendly and Charming Behavior

Sexually Manipulative Behavior

"Game" Behavior

General Considerations

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

Reference

Chapter 5 The Borderline Personality

Description of the Borderline Personality

Assessing the Borderline Personality

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Video Recording)

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

References

Chapter 6 The Inadequate / Immature Personality

Description of the Inadequate/Immature Personality

Assessing the Inadequate/Immature Personality

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Video Recording)

Time Frame

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

Reference

Chapter 7 The Paranoid Personality

Description of the Paranoid Personality

Assessing the Paranoid Personality

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Video Recording)

Time Frame

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

References

Chapter 8 The Schizotypal Personality

Describing the Schizotypal Personality

Assessing the Schizotypal Personality

Preparation Issues

Understanding Your Reactions to the Individual

Who Should Conduct the Interview

Number of Interviewers

Physical Space/Environment/Interpersonal Space

Nonverbal Behavior

Questions

Recording the Interview (Notetaking, Audio/Video Recording)

Time Frame

The Interview

Key Points to Remember

Do

Don’t

References

Appendix A

The Dimensional View of Personality

Personality: A Constellation of Traits

The Personality Continuum: Style versus Disorder

The Relationships Between Personality Types

Borderline, Narcissistic, and Antisocial Personalities

Narcissistic, Antisocial, and Psychopathic Personalities

The Borderline, Narcissistic, Antisocial, Psychopathic Continuum

References

Appendix B: Glossary

Index

About the Authors

Craig N. Ackley, M.S., is a former supervisory special agent with the FBI. He retired from the Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU) of the FBI’s National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime where he provided psychological and behavioral support primarily in the areas of sexual assault, domestic violence, stalking, and homicide. He is currently the president of Behavioral Science Education and Consultation Services, Inc.

Shannon McAuliffe Mack, M.A., is a former senior research analyst with the FBI’s National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, where she provided research support and case-specific operational assistance. She is currently vice president of Behavioral Science Education and Consultation Services, Inc., where she provides operational assistance and training in the areas of trial strategy, interview strategy, and case analysis.

Kristen Beyer, Ph.D., is a licensed clinical psychologist who formerly worked in the FBI’s National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime as the supervisory social/behavioral science research coordinator where she provided consultation, training, and research on violent crime matters. She is currently a consultant with Behavioral Science Education and Consultation Services, Inc. and an adjunct professor.

Philip Erdberg, PhD, is a diplomate in clinical psychology of the American Board of Professional Psychology. He is a past president of the Society for Personality Assessment, the 1995 recipient of the Society’s Distinguished Contribution Award, and the 2001 recipient of the Outstanding Achievement Award of the Forensic Mental Health Association of California. He consults in a variety of school, clinical, correctional, and law enforcement settings and is a frequent workshop presenter.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
MED105000
MEDICAL / Psychiatry / General