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Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar





ISBN 9781138372641
Published September 10, 2018 by CRC Press
600 Pages 60 Color & 319 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

A Complete Reference for the 21st Century

Until recently, much of the communications technology in the former Eastern bloc countries was largely unknown. Due to the historically competitive nature of East/West relations, scientific groups operated independently, without the benefit of open communication on theoretical frameworks and experimental technologies. As these countries have begun to bridge the gap and work in a more cooperative environment, the need has grown for a comprehensive guide which assimilates all the information in this vast knowledge bank.

Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar meets the demand for an updated reference on this continually evolving global technology. This book examines the changes that have occurred in the past two or three decades. It thoroughly reviews ionospheric radio propagation, over-horizon and above-horizon radars, and miniature ionospheric stations used for investigating nonregular phenomena occurring in the ionosphere. In addition, it also comprehensively discusses land-satellite and satellite-satellite communications.

This volume also reviews an area that has been all but ignored in previous works: the effects of plasma irregularities on radio waves propagation through the inhomogeneous ionosphere. Here, a heavy focus is placed on the effects of these irregular phenomena. And due to the recent wireless revolution, more attention than ever has been aimed on improving the efficiency of land-satellite and satellite-satellite communication networks, which are fully addressed.

Included are—

  • Transport processes and photochemistry reactions occurring in the regular homogeneous ionosphere
  • Nonlinear phenomena occurring in the irregular ionosphere
  • Instabilities in the inhomogeneous disturbed ionosphere
  • Various ambient natural and artificial sources and corresponding plasma irregularities
  • Written by two leading scientists, this book will be an invaluable guide to anyone working in this ever-changing field.

    Table of Contents

    The Regular Ionosphere: Main Characteristics and Processes
    Ionosphere Content
    Major Characteristics of the Ionospheric Plasma
    Transport Processes of Plasma in the Ionosphere
    Ionization–Recombination Balance in the Ionosphere
    Nonlinear Phenomena and Plasma Instabilities in the Disturbed Irregular Ionosphere
    Physical Aspects of Nonlinear Phenomena in the Artificially Heated Ionospheric Plasma
    Interaction of Probing Radio Waves with Heating-Induced Plasma Instabilities Generated by Strong Radio Waves
    Plasma Instabilities of Natural Origin Generated in the Irregular Ionosphere
    Natural Thermal-Induced Instabilities: Recombination; Kinetic; Kinetic Drift-Dissipative
    Current-Induced Natural Plasma Instabilities: The Current-Convective; Gradient-Drift; Two-Stream;
    Convergence; Dissipative; Drift-Dissipative; Rayleigh–Taylor; Hydrodynamic
    Theoretical Aspects of Generation of Nonlinear Plasma Instabilities
    Nonlinear Wave–Wave Interactions in the Ionospheric Plasma
    Particle–Wave Interactions in the Ionospheric Plasma: Nonlinear Saturation of Electrostatic Instabilities in the Ionosphere; Numerical Analysis of Nonlinear Effects of Instabilities Generation
    Radio Signal Presentation in the Ionospheric Communication Channel
    Bandpath and Baseband Signal Presentation
    Narrowband Signal Presentation
    Wideband Signal Presentation
    Fading Phenomena in Ionospheric communication Channels
    Path Loss: A Mathematical Description
    Slow Fading of Radio Signal: A Mathematical Description
    Fast Fading: A Mathematical Description
    Definition of Fading Phenomena in Static and Dynamic Ionospheric Channel
    Evolution of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere
    Diffusion of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere
    Classical Description of the Diffusion Process in Plasma
    Diffusion of Small Plasma Disturbance in Weakly Ionized Plasma
    Diffusion of Plasma Disturbances with an Arbitrary Degree of Ionization
    Diffusion Spreading of Plasma Irregularities in the Middle-Latitude Ionosphere
    Drift of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere
    A Classical Description of Drift in Unbounded Homogeneous Plasma
    Dynamics and Spreading of Arbitrary Irregularity in the Ionosphere
    Thermodiffusion of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere
    General Problem Statement: Functions and Parameters
    One-Dimensional Heating of the E and F Layers of the Ionosphere
    Evolution of 3-D Heating-Induced Irregularity in the Ionosphere
    Modern Radiophysical Methods of Investigation of Ionospheric Irregularities
    Radio and Optical Methods of Studying Artificially Induced Irregularities in the Ionosphere
    Radio Methods for Diagnostics of Heating-Induced Irregularities
    Methods of Investigations of Dynamics of Plasma Clouds in the Ionosphere by Rocket Injection
    Natural Ionospheric Irregularities and Methods of Their Parameters’ Diagnostics
    Radio Methods of Diagnostics of Meteor-Induced and HE Irregularities in the Middle-Latitude Ionosphere
    Radio Sounding of Sporadic Inhomogeneities and Bubbles in the Equatorial Ionosphere
    Observations of Irregularities in the High-Latitude Ionosphere
    Performance of Radio Communication in Ionospheric Channels
    Absorption of Radio Waves in the Regular Ionosphere
    Radio Scattering Caused by Plasma Irregularities of Various Origins in the Ionosphere
    Experimental Investigations of Backscattering and Forward Scattering in Region E of the Ionosphere
    Theory of Backscattering of Radio Waves from Anisotropic Plasma Irregularities
    Forward Scattering of Radio Waves from Anisotropic Irregularities
    Power of HE-Scatter Radio Signals
    Forward and Backscattering from Irregularities of the F Region of the Ionosphere
    Long-Distance Radio Propagation through the Ionospheric Channels
    Wave Propagation in the Ionosphere Disturbed by Powerful Radio Waves
    Capturing of Radio Waves into the Ionospheric Layered Waveguides
    Partial Scattering of Radio Waves in the D Region of the Ionosphere
    Methods of Design of Ionospheric Radio Propagation Channels
    Optical and Radio Systems for Investigation of the Ionosphere and Ionospheric Communication Channels
    Devices and Systems for Diagnostics of Ionospheric Phenomena
    Optical Devices
    Incoherent Scatter Radars
    SuperDARN
    The Global Positioning System in Investigations of the Ionosphere
    Diagnostics of the Nonregular Ionosphere by LFM-Ionosondes
    Developments of LFM Ionosondes in the Historical Perspective
    Operating Principles of LFM Ionosondes
    Monitoring of Ionospheric Communication Channels
    Performance of LandSatellite Communication Links Passing through the Irregular Ionosphere
    Refraction of Radio Waves in Quasi-Regular Ionospheric Plasma
    Propagation Effects of Large- and Moderate-Scale Ionospheric Irregularities
    Effects of Large-Scale Irregularities on Radio Propagation
    Effects of Moderate-Scale Irregularities on Radio Propagation
    Fading Effects Caused by Small-Scale Ionospheric Irregularities
    Effects of Magnetic Storm on Land–Satellite Communication
    Parameters of Data Signals in the Land–Satellite Communication Links with Fading
    Main Parameters of the Information Data Stream
    Data Stream Parameters for Channels with Fading Caused by Magnetic Storm
     

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    Author(s)

    Biography

    Nathan Blaunstein was born in Moldova, former USSR, in 1948. He received MS degrees in radio physics and electronics from Tomsk University, Tomsk, former Soviet Union, in 1972, and PhD and DS and professor degrees in radio physics and electronics from the Institute of Geomagnetism, Ionosphere, and Radiowave Propagation (IZMIR), Academy of Science USSR, Moscow, Russia, in 1985 and 1991, respectively. From 1979 to 1984, he was an engineer and a lecturer, and then, from 1984 to 1992, a senior scientist, an associate professor, and a professor at Moldavian University, Beltsy, Moldova. From 1993 he was a researcher of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and a visiting professor in the Wireless Cellular Communication Program at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Since April 2001, he has been an associate professor, and in 2005, a full professor in the Department of Communication Systems Engineering. Dr. Blaunstein has published ten books, two special chapters in handbooks on applied engineering and applied electrodynamics, six manuals, and over 190 articles in radio and optical physics, communication, and geophysics. His research interests include problems of radio and optical wave propagation, diffraction, reflection, and scattering in various media (sub-soil medium, terrestrial environments, troposphere, and ionosphere) for purposes of optical communication and radio and optical location, aircraft, mobile-satellite, and terrestrial wireless communications and networking.