Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar

1st Edition

By Nathan Blaunstein, Eugeniu Plohotniuc

CRC Press

600 pages | 60 Color Illus. | 319 B/W Illus.

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A Complete Reference for the 21st Century

Until recently, much of the communications technology in the former Eastern bloc countries was largely unknown. Due to the historically competitive nature of East/West relations, scientific groups operated independently, without the benefit of open communication on theoretical frameworks and experimental technologies. As these countries have begun to bridge the gap and work in a more cooperative environment, the need has grown for a comprehensive guide which assimilates all the information in this vast knowledge bank.

Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar meets the demand for an updated reference on this continually evolving global technology. This book examines the changes that have occurred in the past two or three decades. It thoroughly reviews ionospheric radio propagation, over-horizon and above-horizon radars, and miniature ionospheric stations used for investigating nonregular phenomena occurring in the ionosphere. In addition, it also comprehensively discusses land-satellite and satellite-satellite communications.

This volume also reviews an area that has been all but ignored in previous works: the effects of plasma irregularities on radio waves propagation through the inhomogeneous ionosphere. Here, a heavy focus is placed on the effects of these irregular phenomena. And due to the recent wireless revolution, more attention than ever has been aimed on improving the efficiency of land-satellite and satellite-satellite communication networks, which are fully addressed.

Included are—

  • Transport processes and photochemistry reactions occurring in the regular homogeneous ionosphere
  • Nonlinear phenomena occurring in the irregular ionosphere
  • Instabilities in the inhomogeneous disturbed ionosphere
  • Various ambient natural and artificial sources and corresponding plasma irregularities
  • Written by two leading scientists, this book will be an invaluable guide to anyone working in this ever-changing field.

    Table of Contents

    The Regular Ionosphere: Main Characteristics and Processes

    Ionosphere Content

    Major Characteristics of the Ionospheric Plasma

    Transport Processes of Plasma in the Ionosphere

    Ionization–Recombination Balance in the Ionosphere

    Nonlinear Phenomena and Plasma Instabilities in the Disturbed Irregular Ionosphere

    Physical Aspects of Nonlinear Phenomena in the Artificially Heated Ionospheric Plasma

    Interaction of Probing Radio Waves with Heating-Induced Plasma Instabilities Generated by Strong Radio Waves

    Plasma Instabilities of Natural Origin Generated in the Irregular Ionosphere

    Natural Thermal-Induced Instabilities: Recombination; Kinetic; Kinetic Drift-Dissipative

    Current-Induced Natural Plasma Instabilities: The Current-Convective; Gradient-Drift; Two-Stream;

    Convergence; Dissipative; Drift-Dissipative; Rayleigh–Taylor; Hydrodynamic

    Theoretical Aspects of Generation of Nonlinear Plasma Instabilities

    Nonlinear Wave–Wave Interactions in the Ionospheric Plasma

    Particle–Wave Interactions in the Ionospheric Plasma: Nonlinear Saturation of Electrostatic Instabilities in the Ionosphere; Numerical Analysis of Nonlinear Effects of Instabilities Generation

    Radio Signal Presentation in the Ionospheric Communication Channel

    Bandpath and Baseband Signal Presentation

    Narrowband Signal Presentation

    Wideband Signal Presentation

    Fading Phenomena in Ionospheric communication Channels

    Path Loss: A Mathematical Description

    Slow Fading of Radio Signal: A Mathematical Description

    Fast Fading: A Mathematical Description

    Definition of Fading Phenomena in Static and Dynamic Ionospheric Channel

    Evolution of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere

    Diffusion of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere

    Classical Description of the Diffusion Process in Plasma

    Diffusion of Small Plasma Disturbance in Weakly Ionized Plasma

    Diffusion of Plasma Disturbances with an Arbitrary Degree of Ionization

    Diffusion Spreading of Plasma Irregularities in the Middle-Latitude Ionosphere

    Drift of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere

    A Classical Description of Drift in Unbounded Homogeneous Plasma

    Dynamics and Spreading of Arbitrary Irregularity in the Ionosphere

    Thermodiffusion of Plasma Irregularities in the Ionosphere

    General Problem Statement: Functions and Parameters

    One-Dimensional Heating of the E and F Layers of the Ionosphere

    Evolution of 3-D Heating-Induced Irregularity in the Ionosphere

    Modern Radiophysical Methods of Investigation of Ionospheric Irregularities

    Radio and Optical Methods of Studying Artificially Induced Irregularities in the Ionosphere

    Radio Methods for Diagnostics of Heating-Induced Irregularities

    Methods of Investigations of Dynamics of Plasma Clouds in the Ionosphere by Rocket Injection

    Natural Ionospheric Irregularities and Methods of Their Parameters’ Diagnostics

    Radio Methods of Diagnostics of Meteor-Induced and HE Irregularities in the Middle-Latitude Ionosphere

    Radio Sounding of Sporadic Inhomogeneities and Bubbles in the Equatorial Ionosphere

    Observations of Irregularities in the High-Latitude Ionosphere

    Performance of Radio Communication in Ionospheric Channels

    Absorption of Radio Waves in the Regular Ionosphere

    Radio Scattering Caused by Plasma Irregularities of Various Origins in the Ionosphere

    Experimental Investigations of Backscattering and Forward Scattering in Region E of the Ionosphere

    Theory of Backscattering of Radio Waves from Anisotropic Plasma Irregularities

    Forward Scattering of Radio Waves from Anisotropic Irregularities

    Power of HE-Scatter Radio Signals

    Forward and Backscattering from Irregularities of the F Region of the Ionosphere

    Long-Distance Radio Propagation through the Ionospheric Channels

    Wave Propagation in the Ionosphere Disturbed by Powerful Radio Waves

    Capturing of Radio Waves into the Ionospheric Layered Waveguides

    Partial Scattering of Radio Waves in the D Region of the Ionosphere

    Methods of Design of Ionospheric Radio Propagation Channels

    Optical and Radio Systems for Investigation of the Ionosphere and Ionospheric Communication Channels

    Devices and Systems for Diagnostics of Ionospheric Phenomena

    Optical Devices

    Incoherent Scatter Radars


    The Global Positioning System in Investigations of the Ionosphere

    Diagnostics of the Nonregular Ionosphere by LFM-Ionosondes

    Developments of LFM Ionosondes in the Historical Perspective

    Operating Principles of LFM Ionosondes

    Monitoring of Ionospheric Communication Channels

    Performance of LandSatellite Communication Links Passing through the Irregular Ionosphere

    Refraction of Radio Waves in Quasi-Regular Ionospheric Plasma

    Propagation Effects of Large- and Moderate-Scale Ionospheric Irregularities

    Effects of Large-Scale Irregularities on Radio Propagation

    Effects of Moderate-Scale Irregularities on Radio Propagation

    Fading Effects Caused by Small-Scale Ionospheric Irregularities

    Effects of Magnetic Storm on Land–Satellite Communication

    Parameters of Data Signals in the Land–Satellite Communication Links with Fading

    Main Parameters of the Information Data Stream

    Data Stream Parameters for Channels with Fading Caused by Magnetic Storm


    About the Authors

    Nathan Blaunstein was born in Moldova, former USSR, in 1948. He received MS degrees in radio physics and electronics from Tomsk University, Tomsk, former Soviet Union, in 1972, and PhD and DS and professor degrees in radio physics and electronics from the Institute of Geomagnetism, Ionosphere, and Radiowave Propagation (IZMIR), Academy of Science USSR, Moscow, Russia, in 1985 and 1991, respectively. From 1979 to 1984, he was an engineer and a lecturer, and then, from 1984 to 1992, a senior scientist, an associate professor, and a professor at Moldavian University, Beltsy, Moldova. From 1993 he was a researcher of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and a visiting professor in the Wireless Cellular Communication Program at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Since April 2001, he has been an associate professor, and in 2005, a full professor in the Department of Communication Systems Engineering. Dr. Blaunstein has published ten books, two special chapters in handbooks on applied engineering and applied electrodynamics, six manuals, and over 190 articles in radio and optical physics, communication, and geophysics. His research interests include problems of radio and optical wave propagation, diffraction, reflection, and scattering in various media (sub-soil medium, terrestrial environments, troposphere, and ionosphere) for purposes of optical communication and radio and optical location, aircraft, mobile-satellite, and terrestrial wireless communications and networking.

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mobile & Wireless Communications