Iran's Struggle for Economic Independence: Reform and Counter-Reform in the Post-Revolutionary Era, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Iran's Struggle for Economic Independence

Reform and Counter-Reform in the Post-Revolutionary Era, 1st Edition

By Evaleila Pesaran


240 pages | 2 B/W Illus.

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It is often assumed that Iran must necessarily submit to the forces of globalization and liberalize its economy, but the country’s ruling elites have continued throughout the post-revolutionary era to resist these pressures for neo-liberal economic reform, seeking to survive in the battlefield of today’s globalizing economy whilst remaining loyal to their own rules of engagement. This book analyzes the dynamics of economic reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran as they have played out in this post-revolutionary struggle for economic independence from 1979 up to the present day. It shows how, although some groups within the Iranian elite are in favor of opening up the economy to the inflow of foreign capital – believing that lasting independence requires economic growth powered in part by investment from abroad – others argue that such economic liberalization might endanger Iran’s national interests and put the survival of the post-revolutionary regime at risk.

By examining the political causes of the ongoing tug-of-war that has taken place between these two sides of reform and counter-reform, this book provides a new approach to understanding the complex process of economic policy-making in the Islamic Republic of Iran, which will be relevant to future examinations of the political economy of the Middle East.

Table of Contents

1. Reform and Counter-Reform: The Theoretical Framework 2. Tracing the Desire for Economic Independence 3. Consolidating the Post-Revolutionary Economic System 4. Redefining Revolutionary Goals 5. Moving Towards Reform 6. Resurrecting the Revolution 7. Negotiating the Path of Counter-Reform

About the Author

Evaleila Pesaran is a College Lecturer in Politics at Murray Edwards College (formerly New Hall) and Pembroke College, University of Cambridge, UK.

About the Series

Routledge Political Economy of the Middle East and North Africa

The Middle East continues to dominate in the news and current affairs coverage of the media both in global and regional contexts. Despite this growing and intensified interest in recent years, it is widely recognised that the region is largely underrepresented in a range of disciplines in the scholarly and academic domains. 

Routledge is proud to have launched this series since 2003 to widen in-depth analyses and understanding of the economic and political dynamics of this important region. The aim of the series is to publish both specialist and more general titles covering a wide range of issues relating to the political economy of the Middle East and North Africa region. It will feature the latest political economy studies of the Middle East defined to encompass countries from Morocco to Iran.

Submissions from prospective authors are welcomed, and should be sent in the first instance to the series editor ([email protected]). The series will be open to single-authored books as well as edited volumes and textbooks.  All manuscripts will be subject to international standards of peer review.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / Economic Policy
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies