2570 Pages
    by Routledge

    Co-published by Routledge and Edition Synapse, the History of Feminism series makes key archival source material readily available to scholars, researchers, and students of women’s and gender studies, women’s history, and women’s writing, as well as those working in allied and related fields. Selected and introduced by an expert editor, the gathered materials are reproduced in facsimile, giving users a strong sense of immediacy to the texts and permitting citation to the original pagination.

    This new title in the series brings together a unique selection of the multiple feminisms articulated by Irish writers between 1810 and 1930, a ‘long Victorian’ period. The five volumes foreground a multiplicity of beliefs and attitudes from novels, poetry, short stories, newspaper and journal articles, and essays, both by relatively unknown and by more celebrated writers (such as Lady Gregory, Lady Wilde, and the Parnells). While the history of feminism consistently and universally reveals conflicting interpretations of the female role in society, the situation in Ireland was significantly complicated by the backdrop of national uprisings, land war, world war, and the growing hegemony of a strongly religious patriarchy. In particular, the collection makes apparent the disparities of interest as writers confront, or covertly negotiate, the burning issues of education, suffrage, and participation in charitable work or politics.

    Female frustrations, and collusion, with societal norms are documented in each of the thematically organized volumes. Volume I (‘Leading the Way’) includes key ideological articulations of Irish feminist beliefs. Volume II (‘Land and Labour’) is a collection of vital materials which show the intermeshing of women’s concerns with prevailing political turmoil. The question mark in the title of Volume III (‘Eire Abú?’ (‘Ireland Forever?’)) hints at the uncertainties facing women in any New Ireland. These fears are reflected in the materials reproduced in this volume, which contains work by the redoubtable Sheehy Skeffingtons, by the strongly feminist Haslams, and by Yeats’s beloved Maud Gonne. Nationalistic and feminist prose and poetry by sisters Countess Markievicz and Eva Gore-Booth—portrayed by Yeats as ‘one beautiful, the other a gazelle’—is also included in this volume. Bringing together extracts from biography, fiction, poetry and bitter-sweet drama, Volume IV (‘In the Real World’) is a repository of vital work which engaged with education, social and sexual mores, marriage, and religious life and the novel Callaghan is its fitting and concluding text. Finally, Volume V (‘Literary Approaches’) highlights disparate expressions of the evolving Irish attitudes to feminist issues, from the competing spheres of the convent and secular world (George Moore’s ‘The Exile’), to challenges to fixed notions of gender (K. C. Thurston’s Max). The sheer diversity of poetical contributions is fascinating.

    Most texts in this collection have either not appeared at all since their first publication, or have never been reprinted in their entirety; the remainder have been extremely difficult to find. Their collocation and juxtaposition in these volumes provides a unique insight into a multiplicity of Irish feminisms, and vividly recreates the literary and historical climate in which they were written. With its comprehensive introductions, (which furnish vital background information), this ground-breaking collection is destined to be welcomed as a treasure-trove by all serious scholars and students of Gender and Irish Studies—as well as those working in Victorian and Literary Studies.


    volume I: Leading the Way

    1. Anonymous, ‘Of Female Complaint’, The Freeholder (Cork), 20 June 1814.

    2. Anna Doyle Wheeler, ‘The Rights of Women’, The British Co-operator, 1830, 1, 12–15, 33–6 [lecture given in 1829].

    3. Lady Morgan, Woman and Her Master (Paris: A. and W. Galignani, 1840), pp. 1–7, 41–2, 48, 74–6, 98–9, 111, 116–23, 132–5, 137–41, 144–54, 180–2, 200–1, 214–16, 258–9, 266–7, 270–1, 301–4, 313–14.

    4. Mary Butler, ‘Womanhood and its Mission’, Dublin University Magazine, May 1859, 623–40; June 1859, 696–711.

    5. Anne Jellicoe, ‘To Drs. Wyville Thomson & M’Cosh’, Memoranda of the Principal Points in the Constitution and Management of Alexandra College Dublin for the General Education of Ladies (Belfast: Marcus Ward, Printers, Ulster Works, 1867), pp. 1–14.

    6. William G. Brooke, ‘Educational Endowments’, Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland, Apr.–June 1872, 120–4 [paper read to the Society on 18 May 1872].

    7. N. J. Gossan, A Plea for the Ladies (Dublin: William J. Dunbar, 1875), pp. 1–31.

    8. Lady Wilde, ‘Heroic Women’, The Celtic Magazine, 1883, 2, 2, 202.

    9–12. Lady Wilde, ‘The Bondage of Woman’; ‘Social Graces’; ‘Venus Victrix’; and ‘American Women’, Social Studies (London: Ward & Downey, 1893), pp. 1–27, 64–9, 74–7, 78–96, 123–33, 138–41, 152–3.

    13. Anonymous, ‘The Lady Cyclist’, The Shandon Ballads (Cork: Eagle, 1896), p. 12.

    14. Mary E. L. Butler, ‘Irish Women’s Education’, Irish Weekly Independent, 23 Oct. 1899.

    15. Thomas J. Haslam, Women’s Suffrage from a Masculine Standpoint (Dublin: Ormond Printing Company, 1906), pp. 3–24.

    16. Alice Stopford Green, The Making of Ireland and its Undoing (1200–1600) (London: Macmillan, 1908), pp. 82–7, 494.

    17. Anonymous, ‘Irish Women and the University’, Bean na hEireann, 4, 1909, 9.

    18. Hanna Sheehy Skeffington, ‘Women and the National Movement’, manuscript/typescript, 19 Feb. 1909.

    19. Anonymous, ‘Women in Scandinavia’, Bean na hEireann, June 1909, 10.

    20. Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘Sinn Fein and Irish Women’, Bean na hEireann, Nov. 1909, 5–6.

    21. Constance Markievicz, Women, Ideals and the Nation: A Lecture Delivered to the Students’ National Literary Society, Dublin, by Constance de Markievicz (Dublin: Inghinidhe na hÉireann, 1909).

    22. Ephedros, The Economic Aspect of Woman Suffrage (Dublin: Corrigan & Wilson, 1910), pp. 1–11.

    23. Ellice Pilkington, ‘The United Irishwomen, Part II: Their Work’, The United Irishwomen: Their Place, Work and Ideals (Dublin: Maunsel, 1911), pp. 11–19.

    24. Alice Stopford Green, ‘Tradition in Irish History’, The Old Irish World (Dublin: M. H. Gill, 1912), pp. 168–97.

    25. Mary Hayden, ‘Women Citizens’, The Irish Citizen, 6 July 1912, 51; 13 July 1912, 59.

    26. M. E., ‘Education and Sex’, The Irish Citizen, 31 May 1913, 11.

    27. F. Sheehy Skeffington (ed.), Five Instalments of The Suffragists’s Catechism, 17 May 1913, 12; 24 May 1913, 4; 31 May 1913, 12; 7 June 1913, 19; 21 June 1913, 37.

    28. E. Fingall, M. E. Greene, P. I. M.Constance, and E. A. Stopford, The United Irishwomen: An Appeal (Dublin, 1913), pp. 1–9.

    29. L. M. McCraith, Romance of Irish Heroines (Dublin: The Talbot Press, 1913), pp. 1–14, 186–8.

    30. Countess Marcievicz, ‘The Future of Irishwomen’, The Irish Citizen, 23 Oct. 1915.

    31. Mícheál O hAnnracháin, Irish Heroines (Dublin: The O’Hanrahans, 1916), pp. 7–12, 18–21, 26–7, 28–9, 30, 31–5.

    32. Thomas J. Haslam, Some Last Words on Women’s Suffrage (Dublin: Ormond Printing Company, 1916), pp. 3–13.

    33. C. Máire Ni Dhubhghaill (Crissie M. Doyle), Women in Ancient and Modern Ireland (Dublin: Kenny Press, 1917), pp. 1–20, 24–34, 37–40.

    34. Helena Concannon, The Women of Ninety-Eight (Dublin: M. H. Gill, 1920), pp. ix–xvi.

    35. Rosa Jacob, review of The Women of Ninety-Eight, The Irish Citizen, Nov. 1919, p. 42.

    36. Helena Concannon, Daughters of Banba (Dublin: M. H. Gill, 1922), pp. 106–9.

    Volume II: Land and Labour

    37 and 38. Mrs Meredith, The Lacemakers: Sketches of Irish Character, with some Account of the Effort to Establish Lacemaking in Ireland (London: Jackson, Walford, and Hodder, 1865), pp. 1–18, 27–45, 48–52; and ‘The Redeemed Estate’ (pp. 117–202).

    39. Frances Power Cobbe, ‘Chivalry of the Period’, Cabinet of Irish Literature, Vol. 4, ed. T. P. O’Connor (London: Blackie and Son, 1880).

    40. Fanny Parnell, ‘After Death’ (1880), Popular and Patriotic Poetry, Pt. III (Dublin: Catholic Truth Soc. of Ireland, n.d.), pp. 80–1.

    41. Charles Kickham, ‘The Irish Peasant Girl’, Cabinet of Irish Literature, Vol. 4, ed. T. P. O’Connor (London: Blackie and Son, 1880), p. 153.

    42. Anna M. Haslam, ‘Women and the Census: To the Editor of the Freeman’, Freeman’s Journal, 3 Jan. 1881, 5.

    43. Anonymous, ‘The Archbishop of Dublin’, Freeman’s Journal, 12 Mar. 1881, 2.

    44. A. M. Sullivan, ‘The Archbishop of Dublin and the Ladies’ Land League’, Freeman’s Journal, 16 Mar. 1881, 5.

    45. The Galbally and Aherlow Branch of the Ladies’ Land League, ‘The Ladies’ Land League’, Freeman’s Journal, 21 Mar. 1881, 3.

    46. John Gallogly, ‘The Ladies’ Land League: To the Editor of the Freeman’, Freeman’s Journal, 25 Mar. 1881.

    47. Patrick Sarsfield Cassidy, ‘Fanny Parnell’, The Celtic Magazine, 1, 2, 1882, 290–1.

    48. Mrs Mary Locke, obituary of Fanny Parnell, The Celtic Magazine, 1, 2, 1882, 291.

    49. Anna Parnell, The Tale of a Great Sham (National Library of Ireland, MS. 12,144), pp. 117–20, 121–8, 135–8, 179–80, 197, 231–9.

    50. Nora Hopper Chesson, ‘The Long Road’, Popular and Patriotic Poetry, Pt. I (Dublin: Catholic Truth Soc. of Ireland, 1906), p. 18.

    51. Rosa Mulholland, The Return of Mary O’Murrough (Dublin: The Phoenix Publishing Company, 1908).

    52. Speranza (Lady Wilde), ‘The Exodus’, Popular and Patriotic Poetry, Pt. V (Dublin: Catholic Truth Soc. of Ireland, 1909), pp. 43–45.

    53. Margaret K. Connery, ‘Women and Labour’, The Irish Citizen, 28 Dec. 1912, 251.

    54. E. A. Browning, ‘Women’s Work and Wages in Dublin’, The Irish Citizen, 9 Aug. 1913, 91.

    55. James Connolly, ‘Woman’, The Reconquest of Ireland (Dublin: ITGWU, 1915), pp. 42–8.

    56. M. K. Connery, ‘The Citizens Bookshelf: The Reconquest of Ireland’, The Irish Citizen, 3 Apr. 1915, 354.

    57 & 58. James Connolly, ‘Irony Personified’ and ‘Conscription and Women Workers’, The Worker’s Republic, 11 & 18 Dec. 1915.

    59. Dora Sigerson, ‘The Human Touch’, The Sad Years (London: Constable, 1918), pp. 9–11.

    60. Louie Bennett, ‘Women and Trades Unionism’, The Irish Citizen, Jan. 1918, 594–5.

    61. Grace Plunkett, job-seeking letter, 18 Jan. 1923.

    62. Anonymous, ‘Government to Use Utmost Force’, Irish Times, 12 Feb. 1923.

    Volume III: Éire Abú?

    63. Mrs O’Donovan Rossa, ‘The Returned Picture’, Irish Lyrical Poems (P. M. Haverty, 1868).

    64. Sir Charles Gavan Duffy, ‘The Patriot’s Bride’, Cabinet of Irish Literature: Selections from the Works of the Chief Poets, Orators, and Prose Writers of Ireland, Vol. 4 (London: Blackie and Son, 1880), p. 112.

    65. Irish Women’s Association membership card (1895).

    66. M. E. Francis [Mrs Francis Blundell], Miss Erin (1898).

    67. Maud Gonne, ‘Reine de la Famine’, L’Irlande libre (1900) [originally published in Paris in 1897].

    68. Inghinidhe na hEireann, Leaflet with Rules (Dublin: Fowler, 1900).

    69. Maud Gonne, ‘The Dawn’, Lost Plays of the Irish Renaissance (Newark: Proscenium Press, 1970) [originally published in The United Irishman in 1904].

    70. Eva Gore-Booth, ‘Women’s Rights’, Poems of Eva Gore-Booth (London: Longmans, Green, 1929).

    71. Eva Gore-Booth, ‘Women’s Trades on the Embankment’, The Egyptian Pillar (Dublin: Maunsel, 1907).

    72. Fanny Parnell, ‘To My Fellow-Women’, Bean na hEireann, Feb. 1909, 10.

    73. Constance Markievicz, ‘The Woman with a Garden’, Bean na hEireann, June 1909, 11; Oct. 1909, 12; Nov. 1909, 7; Dec. 1909.

    74. John Brennan [alias Sydney Gifford], ‘Ought Irishwomen Have Political Equality with Men?’, Bean na hEireann, Jan. 1910, 9–10.

    75. Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘A Reply to Some Critics’, Bean na hEireann, Feb. 1910, 3–4.

    76. Editorial on ‘Ten Years of Inghinidhe na hÉireann’, Oct. 1910, 8.

    77. Constance Markievicz, ‘Love of Country’, Bean na hEireann, Oct. 1910, 9–10.

    78. Maud Gonne, ‘Inghinidhe na hÉireann’ [Daughters of Erin], Bean na hEireann, Oct. 1910, 14.

    79. Mary A. M’Laren, ‘Inghinidhe na hÉireann’, Bean na hEireann, Nov. 1910, 14–15.

    80. Editorial, ‘Parasite Women’ and ‘The Lowest Deep’, The Irish Citizen, 27 July 1912, 74.

    81 & 82. F. Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘Political Intrigue’ and ‘Feminine Privilege’, The Irish Citizen, 3 Aug. 1912, 84.

    83. B., ‘Is the Law an Ass— or Worse?’, The Irish Citizen, 10 Aug. 1912, 93.

    84. M. E., ‘Are Bachelors Thieves?’, The Irish Citizen, 30 Nov. 1912, 219.

    85. Anonymous, ‘A Christmas Game for Suffragettes’, The Irish Citizen, 28 Dec. 1912, 249–50.

    86. Grace Gifford, ‘Should Men Have the Vote?’, The Irish Citizen, 17 May 1913 and 14 June 1913.

    87. Thomas J. Haslam, ‘Responsibility of our Parliamentary Representatives’, The Irish Citizen, 24 May 1913, 2.

    88. M. E., ‘Man’s Place is the Home’, The Irish Citizen, 26 June 1913, 43.

    89. L. W., ‘Aurora Suffrage’, The Irish Citizen, 23 Aug. 1913, 1.

    90. F. Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘The Pioneers of Feminism in Ireland’, The Irish Citizen, 21 Mar. 1914, 347.

    91. Mary McSwiney, ‘Suffragists and Home Rule: "A Plea for Common Sense"’, The Irish Citizen, 23 May 1914, 3.

    92. Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘Votes for Women in the West’, The Irish Citizen, 14 Mar. 1914, 341.

    93 & 94. F. Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘Women and War’ and ‘The Writing on the Wall’, The Irish Citizen, 8 Aug. 1914, 92.

    95. Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘The Duty of Suffragists’, The Irish Citizen, 15 Aug. 1914.

    96. Dora Mellone, ‘War and Ideals’, The Irish Citizen, 22 Aug. 1914, 109.

    97. F. Sheehy-Skeffington, ‘War and Feminism’, The Irish Citizen, 12 Sept. 1914, 133.

    98. M. E. Duggan, ‘Irishwomen and War’, The Irish Citizen, 12 Dec. 1914, 235.

    99. A Working Woman, ‘An Open Letter to the Bishop of Ross’, The Irish Citizen, 20 Feb. 1915, 310.

    100. E. K. [Ernest Kavanagh], ‘The Modern St Patrick’, The Irish Citizen, 20 Mar. 1915, 1.

    101. Margaret T. McCoubrey, ‘The Chivalry of War’, The Irish Citizen, 27 Feb. 1915, 317; 6 Mar. 1915, 325.

    102. Dora Sigerson, ‘Comfort the Women’, The Sad Years (London: Constable & Co., 1918).

    103. C. M., ‘Experiences of a Woman Patrol’, The Irish Citizen, 23 Oct. 1915, 137.

    104. ‘Women’s Dress’; ‘Our Streets’; ‘Remedies’, The Irish Citizen, 23 Oct. 1915, 1.

    105. ‘Thanks, "G. B. S."!’; ‘Working Women’s Hostel’; and ‘"Gentlewoman Wanted"’, The Irish Citizen, 13 Nov. 1915, 1.

    106. Alice Furlong, ‘To the Oppressor’ (Dublin: The Art Depot, 1914–15).

    107. Maeve Cavanagh, ‘Straining at the Leash’, The Worker’s Republic, 22 Jan. 1916.

    108–11. Maeve Cavanagh, ‘Dedication’; ‘Eire – After the Storm’; ‘Eire – to K. L.’; and ‘Apologia’, A Voice of Insurgency (1916), pp. 19, 30, 59.

    112–14. Constance Markievicz, ‘A Song of the Cumann Na MBan’ (Knutsford, June 1916); ‘Hymn on the Battlefields’ (1916); ‘Heroes and Martyrs’ (1916).

    115. Maeve Cavanagh, letter (Dublin, 2 Apr. 1917).

    116. Eva Gore-Booth, ‘Christmas Eve in Prison’; ‘To CM on her Prison Birthday’, Broken Glory (Dublin: Maunsel, 1917), p. 11.

    117. Maud Eden, ‘Congratulations and Expectations’, The Irish Citizen, Jan. 1918, 594.

    118. Grace Plunkett, election poster (Kilmainham, 1918).

    119. The Listowel Camogie Club, ‘Address from the Listowel Camogie Club to Austin Stack Esquire T. D.’ (Kilmainham, 1918).

    120. Grace Plunkett, ‘What he Swallows Now!’ (1918) [Irish Party cartoon].

    121 & 122. Dora Sigerson, ‘The Queen’ and ‘The Sacred Fire’, The Sad Years (London: Constable, 1918).

    123. Cumann na mBan, To the President and Houses of Congress of the United States of America by Cumann na mBan (1918).

    124. L. A. M. Priestley, First Causes (1919), pp. 3–29.

    125. Cumann na mBan, ‘To the Young Women of Dublin!’ (Kilmainham, 1922) [Cumann na mBan recruitment bill].

    126 & 127. Dora Sigerson Shorter, ‘The Tricolour’, and ‘The Choice’, The Tricolour, 1922, 1–4, 28–9.

    128. Hon. Albina Brodrick, The NDU Invincible (Kilmainham, 1923).

    129. Grace Plunkett, ‘Countess Markievicz Takes Her Place in the Celetial Choir’ (1927).

    130. Eva Gore-Booth, ‘Lament of the Daughters of Ireland’, Poems of Eva Gore-Booth (London: Longmans, Green, 1929).

    Volume IV: In the Real World

    131. Anonymous, The Freeholder, 26 Apr. 1831.

    132. Mrs O’Donovan Rossa (Mary Irwin), ‘Choosing a Wife’, Irish Lyrical Poems (P. M. Haverty, 1868), pp. 94–5.

    133. May Laffan Hartley, ‘Flitters, Tatters, and the Counsellor’, in Charles Anderson Read and T. P. O’Connor (eds.), Cabinet of Irish Literature: Selections from the Works of the Chief Poets, Orators, and Prose Writers of Ireland, Vol. 4 (London: Blackie and Son, 1880).

    134. Sarah Atkinson, ‘Introduction’, Mary Aikenhead: Her Life, Her Work and Her Friends: Giving a History of the Foundation of the Congregation of the Irish Sisters of Charity (Dublin: M. H. Gill, 1879), pp. 60–7.

    135. Anna Haslam, ‘Loyalty’, Speech at Mrs Russell’s, 22 June 1888.

    136 & 137. George Egerton, ‘A Psychological Moment’ and ‘Virgin Soil’, Discords (London: John Lane, 1894), pp. 1–66.

    138. Constance Markievicz, ‘Skaters’ [taken from her sketchbook, 1894–5].

    139. Rosa M. Gilbert (Rosa Mulholland/Lady Gilbert), ‘Memoir’, in Sarah Atkinson, Essays (Dublin: M. H. Gill, 1895).

    140 & 141. Charles E. Thurston, ‘In Hermit’s Garb’ and ‘Men’s Mistakes’, Fancies! In Passing (Purcell, 1897), pp. 14–15, 17.

    142. Padraic Ó Conaire, ‘Put to the Rack’, "The Woman at the Window" and Other Stories (Nóra Mharcuis Bhig & scéalta eile), trans. by Eamonn O’Neill (1909).

    143. St John G. Ervine, ‘The Magnanimous Lover’, Four One-Act Plays, 2nd edn. (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1928).

    144. M. K. C., ‘The Citizen at the Abbey’, The Irish Citizen, 1914 [review of The Magnanimous Lover].

    145. M. E. Duggan, ‘In the Courts’, The Irish Citizen, 3 Apr. 1915.

    146. L. A. M. Priestley, ‘Co-operative Housekeeping’, The Irish Citizen, 16 Oct. 1915.

    147. M. E. Duggan, ‘The Girl Mother and Kindred Problems’, The Irish Citizen, 4 Sept. 1915, 87.

    148. Susanne R. Day (ed.), The Amazing Philanthropists: Being Extracts from the Letters of Lester Martin (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1916).

    149. L. A. M. Priestley-McCracken, ‘Wife-Beating’, The Irish Citizen, Sept. 1919, 27.

    150. M. E. D., ‘Wife Beating’, The Irish Citizen, Dec. 1919, 52.

    151. ‘To the Women of All Countries’, The Irish Citizen, Dec. 1919.

    152. Máire Ní Cheallacháin, Irish Lesson VII & Letter, Irish at Home, 2nd edn. (Dublin: Educational Company, 1922), pp. 50–5.

    153. F. Winthrop (Rosamund Jacob), Callaghan (Dublin: Martin Lester, 1921).

    Volume V: Literary Approaches

    154. Rosa Mulholland, ‘My Treasure’; ‘Mother and Son’; ‘Sister Mary of Love of God’; ‘Sonnet June’, Vagrant Verses (London: Elkin Mathews, 1899).

    155. Lady Wilde, ‘George Eliot’, Notes on Men, Women, Books (London: Ward & Downey, 1891), pp. 171–9.

    156. Dora Sigerson, ‘Jeanne Bras’, Ballads and Poems (London: J. Bowden, 1899), pp. 18–23.

    157. Cecil Frances Alexander, ‘The Irish Mother’s Lament’, A Treasury of Irish Poetry, eds. Stopford A. Brook and T. W. Rolleston (London: Macmillan, 1900), pp. 523–6.

    158. Nora Hopper, ‘The Fairy Fiddler’, A Treasury of Irish Poetry, eds. Stopford A. Brook and T. W. Rolleston (London: Macmillan, 1900).

    159. Dora Sigerson, ‘A Vagrant Heart’, The Fairy Changeling and Other Poems (London: John Lane, 1898).

    160. Ethna Carbery, ‘Mo Bhuachaill Cael-Dubh’ ['My Black Slender Boy'], The Four Winds of Eirinn (Dublin: M. H. Gill, 1902).

    161. Seumas MacManus, ‘A Memoir of Ethna Carbery’, The Four Winds of Eirinn (Dublin: M. H. Gill, 1902), pp. x–xvi, xx–xxi.

    162. George Moore, ‘The Exile’, The Untilled Field (London: William Heinemann, 1903).

    163. Lady Aug.a Gregory, Dervorgilla (New York: Putnam, 1912), pp. 95–111.

    164. Susan Mitchell, ‘O No, We Never Mention It’, The Abbey Row: Not Edited by William Butler Yeats (Dublin: Maunsel, 1907), pp. 10–11.

    165. Susan Mitchell, ‘The Greenlands’, The Living Chalice and Other Poems (Dublin: Maunsel, 1908), pp. 31–3.

    166. Review of The Living Chalice and Other Poems, Bean na hEireann, Feb. 1909.

    167. James Stephens, ‘The Red-Haired Man’s Wife’, Bean na hEireann, Feb. 1909.

    168. Thomas MacDonagh, ‘Offering’, Songs of Myself (Dublin: Hodges Figgis, 1910), p. 49.

    169. Katherine Cecil Thurston, Max (London: Harper & Brothers, 1910), pp. 1–315.

    170. Katharine Tynan, ‘The Mother’, New Poems (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1911), pp. 38–9.

    171. Katharine Tynan, ‘Dora Sigerson: A Tribute and Some Memories’, The Sad Years (London: Constable, 1918), pp. vii–xi.

    172. R. Jacob, Review of The Years of the Shadow by Katharine Tynan, The Irish Citizen, Nov. 1919, 42.

    173. L. H., ‘Woman this, and Woman That’, The Irish Citizen, 1 June 1912, 10.

    174. M. E., ‘Ecce Mater’, The Irish Citizen, 27 Mar. 1915.

    175. James Stephens, ‘Righteous Anger’, Reincarnations (London: Macmillan, 1918), pp. 37–8.

    176. Madame Gonne McBride, ‘My Experiences in Prison’, The Irish Citizen, June–July 1919, 11–12.

    177. Hanna Sheehy Skeffington, ‘Sex-Bias in Language, The Irish Citizen, Sept. 1919.

    178. advert for The Feminine in Fiction, The Irish Citizen, Nov. 1919, 53.

    179. K., review of The Feminine in Fiction, The Irish Citizen, Jan. 1919, 643.

    180. L. A. M. Priestley, The Feminine in Fiction (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1918), pp. 8, 10–14, 78–84, 123–8.


    Mary Pierse teaches nineteenth-century literature courses at Ireland’s University College Cork. She is editor of George Moore: Artistic Visions and Literary Worlds (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2006) and has published articles on the writings of Moore, Kate Chopin and Arthur Conan Doyle, and on the modern Irish poets Dennis O’Driscoll and Cathal Ó Searcaigh. She is working on a monograph concerning literary impression, particularly in the writings of Moore.

    Ann Walsh teaches in the Department of English at University College Cork, Ireland. She has delivered papers (in Oxford, Leicester, UCD, and Trinity College Dublin) on translation theory, on the poetry of Sylvia Plath, on the Language Poets, on religious influences in Robert Lowell’s poetry and on Lowell’s response to Boston and the Boston Irish. An English and Philosophy graduate, she is currently preparing a monograph arising from her doctoral research on translations and revisions in Lowell’s poetry.

    'These monumental volumes are an immensely valuable source for researchers in all aspects of Irish women’s history, literature and culture; they are also highly pleasurable to read. The editor Mary Pierse has amply achieved her stated aim of gathering together the most ‘significant examples of the multiple forms and expressions of Irish feminisms’ and readers, students and scholars are in her debt for making available key archival sources previously not easily accessible. In pursuing this ‘purposely’ and engagingly ‘eclectic collection’, one is reminded that the issues fiercely debated and defended in these writings from 1810-1930 (whether equal opportunities for and among women; girls’ education; domestic violence; social inclusion) are now even more relevant, and the force of historical voices championing such rights even more valuable.' - Margaret Kelleher, An Foras Feasa, NUI Maynooth

    ‘an immensely valuable and engaging resource for researchers in nineteenth-century and twentieth-century Irish women’s history, literature, and culture...’  - Margaret Kelleher, Irish University Review, Volume 42, Issue 1

    'Pierse shows a lively eye for the smaller detail ... The scale of editorial endeavour here [is] clearly immense and the achievement, including imaginative selections and meticulous textual detail, is warmly to be commended. The facsimile images add an important additional dimension, allowing readers, as Pierse had hoped, to 'absorb the immediacy of the text'.' - Margaret Kelleher, Irish University Review