The relationship between Islam and modernity has generated and rich but complex literature. While competing accounts sometimes appear incommensurable, there is at least some convergence on the view that Islam and modernity reflect an unsettled encounter. For some this is self-evident because the relationship rests on contested foundational questions, not least: whose modernity and which Islam? For others it is a less a theoretical and more a historical issue, in so far as there has been a process underway in which Islam has proved slow in ‘catching up’. This Major Work gives space to an evolving conversation between Islam and four component parts of modernity. It has a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context.
Table of Contents
Volume 1: Islam and Secularism
1. Asad, T. 'Thinking about the secular body, pain and liberal politics', Cultural Anthropology, 26, 4, 2011, pp657–675.
2. Asad, T. (1986) 'The Idea of an Anthropology of Islam', Occasional Paper Series: Center for Contemporary Arab Studies (Georgetown University 1986).
3. Mahmood, S. 'Secularism, Hermeneutics, Empire: The Politics of Islamic Reformation', Public Culture, 18, 2, 2006, pp323-47.
4. Hashemi, N. (2014) ‘Rethinking religion and political legitimacy across the Islam-West divide’, Philosophy and Social Criticism, 40, 4-5, 2014, pp439-447.
5. Sayyid, S, ‘Contemporary politics of secularism' in Levey, G. and Modood, T. (eds) Secularism, Religion and Multicultural Citizenship (Cambridge University Press, 2008)
6. Levey, G. and Modood, T. 'The Muhammad cartoons and multicultural democracies', Ethnicities, 9, 3, 2009, pp427-447.
7. Zubaida, S. 'Is there a Muslim Society? Ernest Gellner's sociology of Islam', Economy and Society, 24, 2, 1995, pp151-188.
8. Gellner, E, ‘Flux and reflux in the faith of men' in Muslim Society. (Cambridge University Press, 1981)
9. Majid, A. 'The Politics of Feminism in Islam', Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 23, 2, 1998.
10. Rehman, F. ‘Contemporary Modernism' in Islam and Modernity: Transformations of an Intellectual Tradition. (University of Chicago Press, 1982)
11. Sayyid, S. ‘Kemalism and the politicization of Islam' in A Fundamental Fear (Zed Books, 1997)
12. Hodgson, M. ‘Before the Deluge: the Eighteenth century' in The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in World Civilisation, Volume 3 (University of Chicago Press, 1974)
13. Turner, B. S. (2001) 'On the concept of axial space', Journal of Social Archaeology, 1, 1, 2001, pp62-74.
14. Ahmed, L. ‘The first feminists' in Women and Gender in Islam. (Yale University Press, 1992)
15. An-Na'im, Ai. A. ‘Islam, the State, and Politics in Historical Perspective' in Islam and the Secular State: Negotiating the Future of Shari'a. (Harvard University Press, 2008).
16. Modood, T. ‘Muslims and the Politics of Difference’ Political Quarterly, 74, 1, 2003.
17. Hassan, M. 'Women preaching for the secular state: Official Female Preachers in contemporary Turkey', International Journal of Middle East Studies, 43, 3, 2011, pp451-73.
18. Beckford, J. 'Secularization and its discontents', Scriptura, S12, 1993, pp1-18.
19. Filali-Ansar, A. ‘Islam and Secularism ' in Martin, G. M. Islam, Modernism and the West. (I.B. Tauris, 1999)
Volume 2: Islam and Postcolonialism
20. Sayyid, S. 'Mirror, Mirror: Western Democrats, Oriental Despots?', Ethnicities, 5, 1, 2005
21. Yegenoglu, M. ‘Sartorial fabric-ations: The Enlightenment and Western Feminism' in Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist Reading of Orientalism. (Cambridge University Press, 1998)
22. Lewis, B. ‘Time, Space and Modernity' in What went wrong? (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2002)
23. Turner, B. S. 'Orientalism, Islam and Capitalism', Social Compass, 25, 3-4, 1978, pp71-9.
24. Saunders, J. J. 'The Problems of Islamic Decadence', Journal of World History, 7, 1963, pp701-20.
25. Amineh, M. P and Eisenstadt, S. N. ‘The Iranian Revolution' in Amineh, M. P. The Greater Middle East in Global Politics (Brill, 2007)
26. Said, E. ‘Imaginative Geography and Its Representations: Orientalizing the Oriental’ in Orientalism (Routledge, 1978)
27. Venturj, F. 'Oriental Despotism', Journal for the History of Ideas, 24, 1963, pp133-42.
28. Alatas, S. H. ‘The Malay Concept of Industry and Indolence' in The Myth of the Lazy Native (Routledge, 1977)
29. Said, E. ‘Orientalism and After' in Gauri, V. (ed.) Power, Politics and Culture: Interviews with Edward Said. (Bloomsbury, 2005)
30. Samiei, M ‘Neo-Orientalism? The relationship between the West and Islam in our globalised world’, Third World Quarterly, 31, 7, 2010, pp1145–60.
31. Meer. N. 'Islamophobia and postcolonialism: continuity, Orientalism and Muslim consciousness', Patterns of Prejudice, 48, 5, 2014, pp500-515.
32. Arkoun, M. ‘History as an Ideology of Legitimation: A Comparative Approach in Islamic and European Contexts' in Martin, G. M. Islam, Modernism and the West. (I. B. Tauris, 1999)
Volume 3: Islam and Identities
33. Asad, T. 'Europe Against Islam: Islam in Europe', The Muslim World, LXXXVII, No. 2, 1997, pp183-195.
34. Modood, T. 'Anti-Essentialism, Multiculturalism and the ‘Recognition’ of Religious Groups’, The Journal of Political Philosophy, 6, 4, 1998, pp378-399.
35. Hammid, S. ‘The Politics of the Veil: Reflections on Symbolism, Islam and Feminism', Thamyris, 4, 2, pp325-37.
36. Dwyer, C. ‘Veiled meanings: British Muslim women and the negotiation of differences’, Gender, Place and Culture, 6, 1, 1999, pp5–26.
37. Knott, K. and Khokher, S. (1993) ‘Religious and ethnic identity among young Muslim women in Bradford’, New Community (now Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies), 19, 4, 1993, pp593–610.
38. Meer, N. 'Misrecognising Muslim Consciousness in Europe', Ethnicities, 12, 2, 2013, pp178-196.
39. Madaville, P. ‘Modes of translocality: travelling theory, hybridity, diaspora' in Transnational Muslim Politics: Reimaging the Umma (Routledge, 2001)
40. Meer, N. 'The politics of voluntary and involuntary identities: are Muslims in Britain an ethnic, racial or religious minority?', Patterns of Prejudice, 42, 1, 2008, pp61-81.
41. Roy, O. ‘A passage to the west' in Globalised Islam: The Search for the New Ummah (Hurst and Co, 2004)
42. Borrmans, M. ‘Critical Dialogue and 'Islamic Specificity' in Martin, G. M. Islam, Modernism and the West (I. B. Tauris, 1999)
43. Moghadam, V. M. ‘Islamic Feminism and its Discontents: Towards a Resolution of the Debate' in Saliba, T., Allen, C., and Howard, J. A. Gender, Politics and Islam (University of Chicago Press, 2002)
44. Ghoussoub, M. 'Feminism or the Eternal Masculine in the Arab world', New Left Review, 161, 1987, pp3-13.
45. Sayyid, S. ‘Beyond Westaphalia' in Hesse, B. (ed.) Un/settled Multiculturalisms: Diasporas, Entanglements, Transruptions (Zed Books, 2000).
46. Chande, A. 'Islam in the African American Community: Negotiating between Black Nationalism and historical Islam', Islamic Studies, 47, 2, 2008, pp221-41.
47. Fernando, M. 'Exceptional citizens: Secular Muslim women and the politics of difference in France', Social Anthropology, 17, 2009, pp379-92.
48. Reetz, D. (2007) 'The Deoband Universe: What Makes a Transcultural and Transnational Educational Movement of Islam?', Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, 27, 1, 2007, pp259-81.
Volume 4: Islam and Innovation
49. Iqbal, M. ‘Is religion possible?' in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. (Institute of Islamic Culture, 1930/1989)
50. Ramadan, T. ‘Toward a reform of Islamic education' in Western Muslims and the Future of Islam. (Oxford University Press, 2004)
51. Safi, O. ‘The times they are a-changing' in Progressive Muslims on Justice, Gender and Pluralism. (Oneworld, 2003)
52. Tibi, B. ‘The impact of the politicisation of Islam on world politics as a context for Europe and Islam in the 21st century' in Political Islam, World Politics and Europe: Democratic Peace and Euro-Islam versus Global Jihad. (Routledge, 2008)
53. Hodgson, M. G. S. 'A Comparison of Islam and Christianity as Frameworks for Religious Life', Diogenes, 32, 1960, pp49-74.
54. Coulson, N. J. ‘Nei-Ijtihad' in A History of Islamic Law. (Edinburgh University Press, 1964)
55. Othman, N. ‘Grounding Human Rights Arguments in Non-Western Culture' in Bauer, J. R. and Bell, D. A. (eds.) The East Asian Challenge for Human Rights. (Cambridge University Press, 1999)
56. Crow, K. D. 'Nurturing Islamic Peace Discourse', American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 17, 3, 2000, pp54-69.
57. Rehman, F. ‘Ijtihad in the later centuries' in Islamic Methodology in History. (Islamic research Institute, 1965)
58. Abu-Lughod, I. ‘The development of the translation movement' in Arab Rediscovery of Europe. (Princeton University Press, 1963)
59. Goddard, H. ‘Recent developments in Christian-Muslim Relations' in S. Goodwin World Christianity in Muslim Encounter: Essays in Honour of David A. Kerr. (Bloomsbury, 2009)
60. El-Affendi, A. ‘On the state, Democracy and Pluralism' in S. Taji-Farouki and M. N. Basheer Islamic Thought in the Twentieth Century. (I.B. Tauris, 2004)
61. Nafi, B. N. ‘The rise of Islamist reformist thought and its challenge to traditional Islam' in S. Taji-Farouki and M. N. Basheer (2004) Islamic Thought in the Twentieth Century. (I.B. Tauris, 2004)
62. Moosa, E. ‘The debts and burdens of critical Islam' in O. Safi (ed.) Progressive Muslims on Justice, Gender and Pluralism. (Oneworld, 2003)
63. Hallaq, W. 'Was the Gate to Ijtihad Closed?', International Journal of Middle East Studies, 16, 1, 1984, pp3-41.
64. Ansari, Z. I 'Aspects of Black Muslim Theology', Studia Islamica, 53, 1981, pp137-76
65. Berg, H. 'Mythmaking in the African American Muslim Context: The Moorish Science Temple, The Nation of Islam, and the American Society of Muslims', Journal of American Academy of Religion, 73, 2005, pp705-730.
66. Agrama, A. H. 'Ethics, Tradition, Authority: Towards an anthropology of the Fatwa', American Ethnologist, 37, 1, 2010, pp2-18
67. Turner, B. S. 'Class, Generation and Islamism: Towards a Global Sociology of Political Islam', British Journal of Sociology, 54, 1, 2003, pp139-47.
68. Siddiqui, M. ‘Islam: Issues of Political Authority and Pluralism,’ Political Theology, 7, 3, 2006, pp337-350.
Professor Nasar Meer is based in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Edinburgh, and is a Royal Society of Edinburgh Research Fellow (2014–2019). His publications include: Interculturalism and multiculturalism: Debating the dividing lines (co-ed, 2016); Citizenship, Identity and the Politics of Multiculturalism: The rise of Muslim consciousness (2015, 2nd Edition); Racialization and religion (ed, 2014), Race and Ethnicity (2014) and European Multiculturalism(s): Religious, Cultural and Ethnic Challenges (co-edited, 2012). In 2016 he was awarded the Royal Society of Edinburgh’s Thomas Reid Medal. www.nasarmeer.com