This book explores the ideological rivalry which is fuelling political instability in Muslim polities, discussing this in relation to Pakistan. It argues that the principal dilemma for Muslim polities is how to reconcile modernity and tradition. It discusses existing scholarship on the subject, outlines how Muslim political thought and political culture have developed over time, and then relates all this to Pakistan’s political evolution, present political culture, and growing instability. The book concludes that traditionalist and secularist approaches to reconciling modernity and tradition have not succeeded, and have in fact led to instability, and that a revivalist approach is more likely to be successful.
1. Introduction 2. Deconstructing Political Culture Part 1: Foundational Sphere of Inquiry 3. The Theory of Knowledge and Qur'anic Epistemology 4. Political Values: Qur'an, Prophetic Sayings and Rashidun Era 5. Islamic Civic Culture Part 2: Contextual and Individual Spheres of Inquiry 6. The Pakistan Movement and Competing Ideologies 7. Constitutional Development in Pakistan 8. Civil-Miliary Relations in Pakistan 9. Conclusion: Real to Ideal