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    The Islamic community in Southeast Asia is widely regarded as one of the most moderate and tolerant in the Muslim world. While most of the region’s Muslims are Sunni and fairly orthodox, the Islamic faith as practised in the region has historically been a syncretic blend of Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and folk religions. The syncretic roots of Southeast Asian Islam also underscores the pluralistic nature of Islam in the region today, where Muslims have generally lived peacefully in religiously mixed communities, even in areas where they constituted a large majority.

    Alongside these pluralistic trends in Southeast Asian Islam are some alternative streams of social-political activism that threaten its traditionally inclusivist character. While most Southeast Asian Muslims are known for their moderation, there has historically been a very small but vocal minority who have been drawn to the more puritanical or extremist variants of the faith. In addition, there is a gradual but clearly discernible trend of conservatism among the general Muslim population, particularly in Malaysia and Indonesia, which has given rise to exclusivist attitudes towards non-Muslims.

    The material gathered in Volume I of this new Routledge collection focuses on the historical, cultural, sociological, theological, and intellectual aspects of Islam in Southeast Asia. Volume II, meanwhile, assesses trends in Muslim politics in Southeast Asia, investigating the success and failure of political Islam in the Muslim-majority cases of Indonesia and Malaysia, as well as the Muslim-minority contexts of Thailand, Philippines, and Singapore.

    Volume III identifies and analyses the primary actors and agents that are involved in the formation and development of a burgeoning pan-regional parallel civil society network bringing together religiously inspired Islamist NGOs, civil society actors and agencies, the media, professionals’ associations, and political parties; the work collected here charts out a virtual map of the new Islamist activist geography of Southeast Asia. Finally, Volume IV examines the nexus between Islam, politics, and terrorism in the aftermath of the Bali bombings of 2002. It also interrogates the interaction between mainstream political Islam and more extremist fringes of the Islamic communities across the region, as well as domestic and international factors driving radicalism.

    Fully indexed and with an introduction newly written by the editors that comprehensively places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context, this new Routledge Major Work is an essential research and teaching resource.


    Volume I: Southeast Asian Islam: Histories, Cultures, and Identities

    1. Ann Black, ‘Finding the Equilibrium for Dispute Resolution: How Brunei Darussalam Balances a British Legacy With Its Malay and Islamic Identity’, International Trade and Business Law Annual, 2003, 7, 185–214.

    2. Arskal Salim, ‘The Influential Legacy of Dutch Islamic Policy on the Formation of Zakat (Alms) Law in Modern Indonesia’, Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal, 2006, 15, 3.

    3. Michelle Ann Miller, ‘The Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Law: A Serious Response to Acehnese Separatism?’, Asian Ethnicity, 2004, 5, 3, 333–51.

    4. Piers Gillespie, ‘Current Issues in Indonesian Islam: Analysing the 2005 Council of Indonesian Ulama Fatwa No. 7 Opposing Pluralism, Liberalism and Secularism’, Journal of Islamic Studies, 2007, 18, 202–40.

    5. Nadirsyah Hosen, ‘Nahdlatul Ulama and Collective Ijtihad’, New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 6, 1, 5–26.

    6. G. E. Morrison, ‘The Coming of Islam to the East Indies’, Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1951, XXIV, 1, 28–37.

    7. Taufik Abdullah, ‘Adat and Islam: An Examination of Conflict in Minangkabau’, Indonesia, 1966, 2.

    8. A. H. Johns, ‘Indonesia: Islam and Cultural Pluralism’, in John L. Esposito (ed.), Islam in Asia: Religion, Politics and Society (Oxford University Press, 1989).

    9. Fred Von Der Mehden, ‘Religion and Development in Southeast Asia: A Comparative Study’, World Development, 1980, 8, 7–8, 545–53.

    10. Pierre Yves Manguin, ‘The Introduction of Islam in Champa’, Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1985, LVIII.

    11. Sharifah Zaleka Syed Hassan, ‘Women, Divorce, and Islam in Kedah’, Sojourn, 1986, 1, 2, 183–98.

    12. Suzanne Brenner, ‘Reconstructing Self and Society: Javanese Muslim Women and the Veil’, American Ethnologist, 1996, 73, 4, 673–97.

    13. Julia Day Howell, ‘The New Spiritualities, East and West: Colonial Legacies and the Global Spiritual Marketplace in Southeast Asia’, Australian Religion Studies Review, 2006, 19, 1, 19–33.

    14. Vincent Houben, ‘Southeast Asia and Islam’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2003, 588, 1, 149–70.

    15. Nancy J. Smith-Hefner, ‘The New Muslim Romance: Changing Patterns of Courtship and Marriage Among Educated Javanese Youth’, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005, 36, 3, 441–59.

    16. Carool Kersten, ‘Cambodia’s Muslim King: Khmer and Dutch Sources on the Conversion of Reameathipadei I, 1642–1658’, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 2006, 37, 1, 1–22.

    17. Margaret Coffey, ‘Crescent Moon: Islamic Art and Civilisation in Southeast Asia’, Material Religion: The Journal of Objects, Art, and Belief, 2007, 3, 2, 299–301.

    18. Imtiyaz Yusuf, ‘Islam and Democracy in Thailand: Reforming the Office of Chularajmontri/Shaikh Al-Isläm’, Journal of Islamic Studies, 1998, 9, 277–98.

    19. Margaret Kartomi, ‘Debates and Impressions of Change and Continuity in Indonesia’s Musical Arts Since the Fall of Suharto, 1998–2002’, Wacana Seni, 2002, 1, 109–50.

    Volume II: Muslim Politics in Southeast Asia: Discourses and Practices

    20. Anies Rasyid Baswedan, ‘Political Islam in Indonesia: Present and Future Trajectory’, Asian Survey, 2004, 44, 5, 669–90.

    21. Greg Barton, ‘Indonesia’s Nurcholish Madjid and Abdurrahman Wahid as Intellectual Ulama: The Meeting of Islamic Traditionalism and Modernism in Neo-Modernist Thought’, Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 1997, 8, 3, 323–50.

    22. Robert W. Hefner, ‘Civil Islam, Democratisation, and Violence in Indonesia: A Comment’, Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs, 2002, 36, 1, 67–75.

    23. Farish A. Noor, ‘Blood, Sweat, and Jihad: The Radicalization of the Political Discourse of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1982 Onwards’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, 2003, 25, 2, 200–32.

    24. Joseph Chinyong Liow, ‘Exigency or Expediency: Contextualising Political Islam and the PAS Challenge in Malaysian Politics’, Third World Quarterly, 2004, 25, 2, 359–72.

    25. Jan Stark, ‘Constructing an Islamic Model in Two Malaysian States: PAS Rule in Kelantan and Terengganu’, Sojourn, 2004, 19, 1.

    26. Joseph Chinyong Liow, ‘Political Islam in Malaysia: Problematising Discourse and Practice in the UMNO-PAS "Islamisation Race"’, Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 2004, 42, 2184–205.

    27. Greg Fealy and Bernhard Platzdasch, ‘The Masyumi Legacy: Between Islamist Idealism and Political Exigency’, Studia Islamika, 2005, 12, 1, 73–99.

    28. Andrew Harding, ‘The Keris, the Crescent and the Blind Goddess: The State, Islam and the Constitution in Malaysia’, Singapore Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2002, 6, 154.

    29. Nadirsyah Hosen, ‘Religion and the Indonesian Constitution: A Recent Debate’, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005, 36, 3, 419–40.

    30. Rizal Buendia, ‘The State-Moro Armed Conflict in the Philippines: Unresolved National Question or Question of Governance’, Asian Journal of Political Science, 2005, 13, 1, 109–38.

    31. Duncan McCargo, ‘Thaksin and the Resurgence of Violence in the Thai South: Network Monarchy Strikes Back?’, Critical Asian Studies, 2006, 38, 1, 39–71.

    32. William Case and Liew Chin-Tong, ‘How Committed is PAS to Democracy and How Do We Know It?’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, 2006, 28, 3, 385–406.

    33. Noorhaidi Hassan, ‘The Salafi Movement in Indonesia: Transnational Dynamics and Local Development’, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, 2007, 27, 1, 83–94.

    34. David Ambuel, ‘New Karma: Buddhism and Democratization in Thailand’, in Tun-jen Cheng and Deborah A. Brown (eds.), Religious Organizations and Democratization: Case Studies from Contemporary Asia (M. E. Sharpe, 2006), pp. 83–108.

    35. Saiful Mujani and R. William Liddle, ‘Politics, Islam, and Public Opinion’, Journal of Democracy, 2004, 15, 1, 109–23.

    36. Robin Bush, ‘Regional Sharia Regulations in Indonesia: Anomaly or Symptom?’, in Greg Fealy and Sally White (eds.), Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia (ISEAS, 2008) (extract).

    Volume III: Betwixt Local and Global: Islamic Civil Society in Southeast Asia

    37. Muhamad Ali, ‘Islam and Economic Development in New Order’s Indonesia (1967–1998)’, East-West Centre Working Paper No. 12 (2004).

    38. Mohamed Aslam Haneef, ‘Islam and Economic Development in Malaysia—A Reappraisal’, Journal of Islamic Studies, 2001, 12, 269–90.

    39. Annette Hamilton, ‘TV on the Border: Broadcasting and Malay Identity in Southern Thailand’, Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs, 2000, 34, 1.

    40. Akh Muzakki, ‘Islam as a Symbolic Commodity: Transmitting and Consuming Islam through Public Sermon in Indonesia’, in Pattana Kitiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia Marketing Gods (Routledge, 2007), pp. 205–19.

    41. Michael Laffan, ‘The Tangled Roots of Islamist Activism in Southeast Asia’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 2003, 16, 3, 397–414.

    42. Mustapha Kamal Hassan, ‘The Influence of Mawdudi’s Thought on Muslims in Southeast Asia: A Brief Survey’, The Muslim World, 2003, 93, 3–4, 429–64.

    43. Vivienne Angeles, ‘Women and Revolution: Philippine Muslim Women’s Participation in the Moro National Liberation Front’, The Muslim World, 1996, 86, 2, 130–47.

    44. Azyumardi Azra, ‘The Transmission of Al-Manar’s Reformism to the Malay-Indonesian World: The Cases of al-Imam and al-Manir’, Studia Islamika, 1999, 6, 3, 75–100.

    45. Andi Faisal Bakti, ‘Islam and Modernity: Nurcholish Madjid’s Interpretation of Civil Society, Pluralism, Secularization, and Democracy’, Asian Journal of Social Science, 2005, 53, 3, 486–505.

    46. Ahmad Ali Nurdin, ‘Islam and State: A Study of the Liberal Islamic Network in Indonesia, 1999–2004’, New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 2005, 7, 2, 20–39.

    47. May Tan-Mullins, ‘Voices from Pattani: Fears, Suspicions, and Confusion’, Critical Asian Studies, 2006, 38, 1, 145–50.

    48. Christoph Marcinkowski, ‘Aspects of Shi’ism in Contemporary Southeast Asia’, The Muslim World, 2008, 98, 1, 36–71.

    49. Charlene Tan, ‘Islam and Citizenship Education in Singapore’, Education, Citizenship, and Social Justice, 2007, 2, 1, 23–39.

    50. Noor Aisha Abdul Rahman, ‘Changing Roles, Unchanging Perceptions and Institutions: Traditionalism and its Impact on Women and Globalization in Muslim Societies in Asia’, The Muslim World, 2007, 97, 3, 479–507.

    51. Philip Kitley, ‘Playboy Indonesia and the Media: Commerce and the Islamic Public Sphere on Trial in Indonesia’, South East Asia Research, 2008, 16, 1, 85–116.

    52. Anna M. Gade, ‘Taste, Talent, and the Problem of Internalization: A Qur’anic Study in Religious Musicality from Southeast Asia’, History of Religions, 2002, 41, 4, 328–68.

    53. Julian Millie, ‘Supplicating, Naming, Offering: Tawassul in West Java’, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 2008, 39, 1, 107–22.

    54. Kikue Hamayotsu, ‘Islam and Nation Building in Southeast Asia: Malaysia and Indonesia in Comparative Perspective’, Pacific Affairs, 2002, 75, 3, 353–75.

    55. Susan Blackburn, ‘Indonesian Women and Political Islam’, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 2008, 39, 1, 83–105.

    Volume IV: The Myth of the ‘Second Front’: Muslim Southeast Asia and the War on Terror

    56. Peter Carey, ‘The Origins of the Java War, 1825–1830’, The English Historical Review, 1976, 91, 358, 52–78.

    57. Martin Van Bruinessen, ‘Genealogies of Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia’, South East Asia Research, 2002, 10, 2, 117–54.

    58. Barry Desker, ‘Islam and Society in Southeast Asia after 11 September’, Australian Journal of International Affairs, 2002, 56, 3, 383–94.

    59. Michael Davis, ‘Laskar Jihad and the Political Position of Conservative Islam in Indonesia’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, 2002, 24, 1.

    60. Zachary Abuza, ‘Tentacles of Terror: Al Qaeda’s Southeast Asian Network’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, 2002, 24, 3, 427–65.

    61. Tom McKenna, ‘Saints, Scholars, and the Idealized Past in Philippine Muslim Separatism’, The Pacific Review, 2002, 15, 4, 539–53.

    62. Carlyle Thayer, ‘Political Terrorism in Southeast Asia’, Pointer, 2002, 29, 4.

    63. Lily Zubaidah Ibrahim, ‘The Road Less Travelled: Islamic Militancy in Southeast Asia’, Critical Asian Studies, 2003, 35, 2, 209–32.

    64. Patricia Martinez, ‘Deconstructing Jihad: Southeast Asian Contexts’, IDSS Working Papers Series No. 49 (2003).

    65. Joseph Chinyong Liow, ‘International Jihad and Islamic Radicalism in Thailand? Toward an Alternative Explanation’, Asia Policy, 2006, 2, 89–108.

    66. Michael Connors, ‘War on Error and the Southern Fire: How Terrorism Analysts Got It Wrong’, Critical Asian Studies, 2006, 38, 1, 151–75.

    67. John T. Sidel, ‘On the "Anxiety of Incompleteness": A Post-Structuralist Approach to Religious Violence in Indonesia’, South East Asia Research, 2007, 15, 2, 133–212.

    68. Peter Searle, ‘Ethno-Religious Conflicts: Rise or Decline? Recent Developments in Southeast Asia’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, 2002, 24, 1, 1–11.

    69. Natasha Hamilton, ‘Terrorism in Southeast Asia: Expert Analysis, Myopia and Fantasy’, The Pacific Review, 2005, 13, 3, 303–25.

    70. Mark Cammack, ‘Review of Laskar Jihad: Islam, Militancy and the Quest for Identity in Post-New Order Indonesia by Noorhaidi Hasan’, Islamic Law and Society, 2008, 15, 3, 420–4.

    71. Muhammad Haniff Bin Hassan, ‘Imam Samudra’s Justification for Bali Bombing’, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 2007, 30, 1033–56.

    72. Amitav Acharya and Arabinda Acharya, ‘The Myth of the Second Front: Localizing the "War on Terror" in Southeast Asia’, The Washington Quarterly, 2007, 30, 4, 75–90.

    73. Robert Hefner, ‘The Sword Against the Crescent: Religion and Violence in Muslim Southeast Asia’, in Linell E. Cady and Sheldon W. Simon (eds.), Religion and Conflict in South and Southeast Asia: Disrupting Violence (Routledge, 2007), pp. 33–50.