1st Edition

Islamic Political and Social Movements

Edited By Barry Rubin
    1680 Pages
    by Routledge

    The growing importance of Islam in the world coincides with the growing interest by scholars in understanding Islam as a religion and its political and social influences. The geographic scope of Islam goes far beyond the Middle East, ranging from the Far East to sub-Saharan Africa.There is a vast diversity of Islamic movements and every country has its own distinctive pattern. But of the main categories of Islamic groups, only the Islamist political groups, the best-known in the West such as the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Qaida, Hamas and Hizballah, have been thoroughly analyzed and documented; but these are only a small portion of the variety and stance of groups. Indeed, the ‘Arab Spring’ has brought a resurgence of Islamic, as well as Islamist, civil society organizations.

    This new four-volume set provides a comprehensive study of the other main categories of movements:

    • Muslim non-political, non-Islamist groups, including charitable and educational organizations as well as the association of imams, courts, and so on. These incorporate the networks of the traditional Muslim institutions which, in most cases, actually run the communities and provide services to them;
    • Muslim non-Islamist political groups, that is the efforts to create communal representational or communal interest groups, commonly called ‘moderate Muslim’ groupings;
    • the non-political aspects of Islamist groups, that is the social welfare, educational, theologically oriented, and special interest organizations created by Islamist groups to spread their influence and enlarge their base of support.

    This truly ground-breaking and timely work collects for the first time in one reference work the latest scholarship on a previously-neglected aspect of the Muslim political and social experience, and will be invaluable to researchers and students across a wide range of disciplines.

    Volume I: Asia

    1. Yuting Wang and Fenggang Yang, ‘Muslim Attitudes Toward Business in the Emerging Market Economy of China’, Social Compass, 2011, 58, 4, 554–73.

    2. James D. Frankel, ‘"Apoliticization": One Facet of Chinese Islam’, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 2008, 28, 3, 421–34.

    3. Dru C. Gladney, ‘Islam in China: Accommodation or Separatism’, China Quarterly, 2003, 174, 451–67.

    4. Maznah Mohamad, ‘The Ascendance of Bureaucratic Islam and the Secularization of the Sharia in Malaysia’, Pacific Affairs, 2010, 83, 3, 505–24.

    5. Darren C. Zook, ‘Making Space for Islam: Religion, Science, and Politics in Contemporary Malaysia’, Journal of Asian Studies, 2010, 69, 4, 1143–66.

    6. Mohamed Nawab Bin Mohamed Osman, ‘Transnational Islamism and its Impact in Malaysia and Indonesia’, MERIA Journal, 2011, 15, 2, 42–52.

    7. Daromir Rudnyckyj, ‘Market Islam in Indonesia’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2009, 15, 1, S183–S201.

    8. R. E. Elson, ‘Nationalism, Islam, "Secularism" and the State in Contemporary Indonesia’, Australian Journal of International Affairs, 2010, 64, 3, 328–43.

    9. Jacqueline Hicks, ‘The Missing Link: Explaining the Political Mobilisation of Islam in Indonesia’, Journal of Contemporary Asia, 2012, 42, 1, 39–66.

    10. Merlyna Lim, ‘Islamism in Indonesia and Its Middle Eastern Connections’, MERIA Journal, 2011, 15, 2, 31–41.

    11. Sunny Tanuwidjaja, ‘Political Islam and Islamic Parties in Indonesia: Critically Assessing the Evidence of Islam’s Political Decline’, Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International & Strategic Affairs, 2010, 32, 1, 29–49.

    12. Vedi R. Hadiz and Khoo Boo Teik, ‘Approaching Islam and Politics from Political Economy: A Comparative Study of Indonesia and Malaysia’, Pacific Review, 2011, 24, 4, 463–85.

    13. Wattana, Sugunnasil, ‘Islam, Radicalism, and Violence in Southern Thailand: Berjihad Di Patani and the 28 April 2004 Attacks’, Critical Asian Studies, 2006, 38, 1, 119–44.

    14. Joseph Chinyong Liow, ‘Muslim Identity, Local Networks, and Transnational Islam in Thailand’s Southern Border Provinces’, Modern Asian Studies, 2011, 45, 6, 1383–421.

    15. Alexander Horstmann, ‘The Inculturation of a Transnational Islamic Missionary Movement: Tablighi Jamaat Al-Dawa and Muslim Society in Southern Thailand’, SOJOURN: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 2007, 22, 1, 107–30.

    16. Isaac Kfir, ‘Islam in Post-9/11 Pakistan: The Role of Education in Heightening or Diminishing Pakistan’s Security Dilemma’, MERIA Journal, 2012, 16, 1, 1–20.

    17. Catherine Benton, ‘Behind the Veil in Khuldabad, India: 14th-Century Sufi Saints, 21st-Century Islamic Reformers, and Muslim Women’, Asianetwork Exchange, 2009, 17, 1, 26–48.

    18. Ken Guest, ‘Dynamic Interplay Between Religion and Armed Conflict in Afghanistan’, International Review of the Red Cross, 2010, 92, 880, 877–97.

    Volume II: Europe

    19. Effie Fokas, ‘Islam in Europe: The Unexceptional Case’, Nordic Journal of Religion & Society, 2011, 24, 1, 1–17.

    20. Konrad Pędziwiatr, ‘How Progressive is "Progressive Islam"? The Limits of the Religious Individualization of the European Muslim Elites’, Social Compass, 2011, 58, 2, 214–22.

    21. Fenella Fleischmann and Karen Phalet, ‘Integration and Religiosity Among the Turkish Second Generation in Europe: A Comparative Analysis Across Four Capital Cities’, Ethnic & Racial Studies, 2012, 35, 2, 320–41.

    22. Ruba Salih, ‘The Backward and the New: National, Transnational and Post-National Islam in Europe’, Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies, 2004, 30, 5, 995–1011.

    23. Robert Carle, ‘Tariq Ramadan and the Quest for a Moderate Islam’, Society, 2011, 48, 1, 58–69.

    24. Ahmet Yukleyen, ‘Localizing Islam in Europe: Religious Activism Among Turkish Islamic Organizations in the Netherlands’, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 2009, 29, 3, 291–309.

    25. Elena Arigita, ‘Representing Islam in Spain: Muslim Identities and the Contestation of Leadership’, Muslim World, 2006, 96, 4, 563–84.

    26. Zana Çitak, ‘Religion, Ethnicity and Transnationalism: Turkish Islam in Belgium’, Journal of Church & State, 2011, 53, 2, 222–42.

    27. Philip Lewis, ‘Muslims in Europe: Managing Multiple Identities and Learning Shared Citizenship’, Political Theology, 2005, 6, 3, 343–65.

    28. Andrew C. Gould, ‘Muslim Elites and Ideologies in Portugal and Spain’, West European Politics, 2009, 32, 1, 55–76.

    29. Lorenzo Vidino, ‘Islamism and the West: Europe as a Battlefield’, Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions, 2009, 10, 2, 165–76.

    30. Bassam Tibi, ‘Ethnicity of Fear? Islamic Migration and the Ethnicization of Islam in Europe’, Studies in Ethnicity & Nationalism, 2010, 10, 1, 126–57.

    31. Samir Amghar, ‘Europe Puts Islamists to the Test: The Muslim Brotherhood (France, Belgium and Switzerland)’, Mediterranean Politics, 2008, 13, 1, 63–77.

    32. Sara Silvestri, ‘Faith Intersections and Muslim Women in the European Microcosm: Notes Towards the Study of Non-Organized Islam’, Ethnic & Racial Studies, 2011, 34, 7, 1230–47.

    33. Marius Lazar, ‘Islam and Islamism in Europe: Representations of Identity and Projects of Action’, Eurolines, 2009, 7, 82–103.

    34. Joyce Marie Mushaben, ‘Gender, Hiphop and Pop-Islam: The Urban Identities of Muslim Youth in Germany’, Citizenship Studies, 2008, 12, 5, 507–26.

    35. Elisabeth Musch, ‘Consultation Structures in German Immigrant Integration Politics: The National Integration Summit and the German Islam Conference’, German Politics, 2012, 21, 1, 73–90.

    36. Juan Jose Escobar Stemmann, ‘Middle East Salafism’s Influence and the Radicalization of Muslim Communities in Europe, MERIA Journal, 2006, 10, 3, 1–17.

    37. Douglas Pratt and Barbara Göb, ‘Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations in Germany: Recent Developments and Continuing Issues’, Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 2007, 18, 1, 43–65.

    38. J. Christopher Soper and Joel S. Fetzer, ‘Religious Institutions, Church-State History and Muslim Mobilisation in Britain, France and Germany’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2007, 33, 6, 933–44.

    39. Simon Stjernholm, ‘Sufi Politics in Britain: The Sufi Muslim Council and the "Silent Majority" of Muslims’, Journal of Islamic Law and Culture, 2010, 12, 3, 215–26.

    Volume III: Middle East

    40. Bill Park, ‘The Fethullah Gulen Movement’, MERIA Journal, 2008, 12, 3, 1–14.

    41. Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, ‘Islam and Democratization in Turkey: Secularism and Trust in a Divided Society’, Democratization, 2009, 16, 6, 1194–213.

    42. Gokhan Bacik, ‘The Separation of Islam and Nationalism in Turkey’, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 2011, 17, 140–60.

    43. Muzaffer Ercan Yilmaz, ‘The Religious Opposition in Algeria’, MERIA Journal, 2011, 15, 1, 28–38.

    44. Valerie Hoffman, ‘Islam, Human Rights, and Interfaith Relations: Some Contemporary Egyptian Perspectives’, Journal of Political Theology, 2010, 11, 5, 691–716.

    45. Rabab El-Mahdi, ‘Does Political Islam Impede Gender-Based Mobilization? The Case of Egypt’, Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions, 2010, 11, 3/4, 379–96.

    46. Ibtesam Alatiyat and Hassan Barari, ‘Liberating Women with Islam? The Islamists and Women’s Issues in Jordan’, Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions, 2010, 11, 3/4, 359–78.

    47. Paulo G. Pinto, ‘"Oh Syria, God Protects You": Islam as Cultural Idiom under Bashar al-Asad’, Middle East Critique, 2011, 20, 2, 189–205.

    48. Kassem Bahaji, ‘Moroccan Islamists: Between Integration, Confrontation, and Ordinary Muslims’, MERIA Journal, 2001, 15, 1, 39–51.

    49. Muhammad al-Atawneh, ‘Is Saudi Arabia a Theocracy? Religion and Governance in Contemporary Saudi Arabia’, Middle Eastern Studies, 2009, 45, 5, 721–37.

    50. Sherine F. Hamdy, ‘Islam, Fatalism, and Medical Intervention: Lessons from Egypt on the Cultivation of Forbearance (Sabr) and Reliance on God (Tawakkul)’, Anthropological Quarterly, 2009, 82, 1, 173–96.

    51. Gisele Fonseca Chagas, ‘Muslim Women and the Work of Da’wa: The Female Branch of the Tariqa Naqshbandiyya-Kuftariyya in Damascus, Syria’, Middle East Critique, 2011, 20, 2, 207–18.

    52. Lara Deeb, ‘Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah and Shi'a Youth in Lebanon’, Journal of Shi’a Islamic Studies, 2010, 3, 405–26.

    53. Birol Baskan and Steven Wright, ‘Seeds of Change: Comparing State-Religion Relations in Qatar and Saudi Arabia’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 2011, 33, 2, 96–111.

    54. Quintan Wiktorowicz, ‘State Power and the Regulation of Islam in Jordan’, Journal of Church & State, 1999, 41, 4, 677–96.

    55. Babak Rahimi, ‘Democratic Authority, Public Islam, and Shi’i Jurisprudence in Iran and Iraq: Hussain Ali Montazeri and Ali Sistani’, International Political Science Review, 2012, 33, 2, 193–208.

    56. Hossein Godazgar, ‘Islam Versus Consumerism and Postmodernism in the Context of Iran’, Social Compass, 2007, 54, 3, 389–418.

    57. Simon Hawkins, ‘Who Wears Hijab with the President: Constructing a Modern Islam in Tunisia’, Journal of Religion in Africa, 2011, 41, 1, 35–58.

    Volume IV: Central Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa/Changing Islam, and Modernity

    58. Tim Epkenhans, ‘Defining Normative Islam: Some remarks on Contemporary Islamic Thought in Tajikistan-Hoji Akbar Turajonzoda’s Sharia and Society’, Central Asian Survey, 2011, 30, 1, 81–96.

    59. Stephane A. Dudoignon, ‘From Revival to Mutation: The Religious Personnel of Islam in Tajikistan, from De-Stalinization to Independence (1955–91)’, Central Asian Survey, 2011, 30, 1, 53–80.

    60. Enayatollah Yazdani, ‘Globalization and the Role of Islam in the Post-Soviet Central Asia’, Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, 2009, 8, 2, 53–69.

    61. Kai Kresse, ‘Muslim Politics in Postcolonial Kenya: Negotiating Knowledge on the Double-Periphery’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2009, 15, 576–94.

    62. Rene Otayek, ‘Religion and Globalisation: Sub-Saharan Islam to Conquer New Territories’, South African Historical Journal, 2009, 61, 1, 21–37.

    63. Abdelkérim Ousman, ‘The Potential of Islamist Terrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa’, International Journal of Politics, Culture & Society, 2004, 18, 1–2, 65-105.

    64. Nabil Echchaibi, ‘From Audio Tapes to Video Blogs: The Delocalization of Authority in Islam’, Nations & Nationalism, 2011, 17, 1, 25–44.

    65. Mark Gould, ‘Kemal A. Faruki’s Reconstruction of Islamic Law: A Modernist Position in Islamic Jurisprudence’, Muslim World, 2008, 98, 4, 423–42.

    66. Nasya Bahfen, ‘Borderless Islam and the Modern Nation State’, Intellectual Discourse, 2011, 19, 1, 147–60.

    67. Nadia Jeldtoft, ‘Lived Islam: Religious Identity with 'Non-Organized' Muslim Minorities’, Ethnic & Racial Studies, 2011, 34, 7, 1134–51.

    68. Sherko Kirmanj, ‘The Relationship Between Traditional and Contemporary Islamist Political Thought’, MERIA Journal, 2008, 12, 1, 1–18.

    69. Reza Pankhurst, ‘Muslim Contestations Over Religion and the State in the Middle East’, Political Theology, 2010, 11, 6, 826–45.

    70. Colin J. Beck, ‘State Building as a Source of Islamic Political Organization’, Sociological Forum, 2009, 24, 2, 337–56.

    71. Philip Smyth, ‘The Battle for the Soul of Shi’ism’, MERIA Journal, 2012, 16, 3, 1–17.

    72. Michaelle Browers, ‘Official Islam and the Limits of Communicative Action: The Paradox of the Amman Message’, Third World Quarterly, 2011, 32, 5, 943–58.

    73. Mohamed Chawki, ‘Islam in the Digital Age: Counseling and Fatwas at the Click of a Mouse’, Journal of International Commercial Law & Technology, 2010, 5, 4, 165–80.

    74. Mona Siddiqui, ‘Islam: Issues of Political Authority and Pluralism’, Political Theology, 2006, 7, 3, 337–50.