Islamic Tolerance: Amir Khusraw and Pluralism, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Islamic Tolerance

Amir Khusraw and Pluralism, 1st Edition

By Alyssa Gabbay


160 pages

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Although pluralism and religious tolerance are most often associated today with Western Enlightenment thinkers, the roots of these ideologies stretch back to non-Western and premodern societies, including many under Muslim rule. This book explores the development of pluralism in Islam in South Asia through the work of the poet, historian and musician Amir Khusraw and sheds new light on how Islam developed its own culture of tolerance.

Countering stereotypes of Islam as intrinsically intolerant, the book provides a better understanding of how rhetorics of pluralism develop, which may aid in identifying and encouraging such discourses in the present. Khusraw, a practicing Muslim who showed great affection toward Hindus and used much indigenous imagery in his poetry, is an ideal figure through whom to explore these issues. Addressing issues of ethnicity, religion and gender in the early medieval period, Alyssa Gabbay demonstrates the pre-modern precedents for pluralism, conveying the broad sweep of Perso-Islamicate culture and the profound transformations it underwent in medieval South Asia.

Accurately depicting the paradoxicality and jaggedness involved in the development of its composite culture, this book will have great relevance to scholars and students of Islam in South Asia, gender, religious pluralism, and Persian literature.


"This book marks an important landmark in scholarship on classical Persian literature and medieval South Asian history… This excellent book, meticulously researched and lucidly written, has much to offer scholars of religion, literature, and history, both from the view of comparative studies in Islamic societies and of the culture of medieval South Asia. It succeeds in demonstrating the complexity of Amir Khusraw's position in history and that it is possible to study his writings outside the usual paradigm of his relationship with his spiritual master, Nizamuddin Awliya." - Sunil Sharma, Department of Modem Languages and Comparative Literature, Boston University; International Journal of Middle East Studies 44 (2012)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: "O Wind, Tell the Demons and Fairies" A Call for Reconciliation in Northern India 2. The Framework of Frontier Studies: When Two Cultures Meet 3. Setting New Standards of Islamic Legitimacy in the Dibachah, 1293-94 4. Balancing Gender Roles: Male/Female Dynamics in the Hasht Bihisht, 1301-2 5. "They see My Hindu Kill in the Style of Turks": The Dismantling of a Dichotomy in the Nuh Sipihr, 1318-19 6. Conclusion: "Glorious the Radiance of that Exalted Sun": Pluralistic Ideals on the Subcontinent and Beyond

About the Author

Alyssa Gabbay is a cultural historian whose work on medieval and early modern Persianate societies sits at the intersections of literature, gender, and history. A graduate of the University of Chicago, she is currently a visiting scholar at the University of Washington.

About the Series

Iranian Studies

Since 1967 the International Society for Iranian Studies (ISIS) has been a leading learned society for the advancement of new approaches in the study of Iranian society, history, culture, and literature. The new ISIS Iranian Studies series published by Routledge will provide a venue for the publication of original and innovative scholarly works in all areas of Iranian and Persianate Studies.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Asia / India & South Asia
RELIGION / Islam / General
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies