Islamism and Social Movements in North Africa, the Sahel and Beyond: Transregional and Local Perspectives, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Islamism and Social Movements in North Africa, the Sahel and Beyond

Transregional and Local Perspectives, 1st Edition

Edited by Aurelie Campana, Cédric Jourde


184 pages

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pub: 2017-12-05
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As North African, Middle Eastern, and Sahelian societies adapt to the post-Arab Spring era and the rise of violence across the area, various groups find in Islam an answer to the challenges of the era. This book explores how Islamist social movements, Sufi brotherhoods, and Jihadi armed groups, in their great diversity, elaborate their social networks, and recruit sympathizers and militants in complicated times. The book innovates by transcending regional boundaries, bringing together specialists of the three aforementioned regions. First, it highlights how geographically dispersed religious groups define themselves as members of a larger, universal Umma, while evolving in deeply embedded local contexts. Second, its contributors prioritize in-depth fieldwork research, offering fine-grained, original insights into the manifold mobilization of Islamist-inspired social movements in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Mali, Senegal, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Western Europe. The book sheds light on the tense debates and competition taking place amongst the different trends composing the Islamist galaxy and between other groups that also claim an Islamic legitimacy, including Sufi brotherhoods and ethnic and/or tribal groups as well.

This book was originally published as a special issue of Mediterranean Politics.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Islamism and social movements in North Africa, the Sahel and Beyond: transregional and local perspectives

Aurélie Campana and Cédric Jourde

The Constrained Institutionalization of Diverging Islamist Strategies: The Jihadis, the Muslim Brotherhood, and the Salafis between two Aborted Egyptian Revolutions

Jerome Drevon

The Egyptian Muslim Sisterhood between Violence, Activism and Leadership

Erika Biagini

Disillusioned militancy: the crisis of militancy and variables of disengagement of the European Muslim Brotherhood

Samir Amghar and Fall Khadiyatoulah

Between social contention and takfirism: the evolution of the Salafi-jihadi movement in Tunisia

Fabio Merone

Contention, Violence and Stalemate in Post-War Libya

George Frederick Willcoxon

Alliances of convenience: assessing the dynamics of the Malian insurgency

Adib Bencherif and Aurélie Campana

Betrayal, Heresy, Exile and Mystical Attacks: The Cost of Changing Islamic Affiliation in an Ethnicized Society (Mauritania and Senegal)

Cédric Jourde

Senegal’s Arabic literates: from transnational education to national linguistic and political activism

Marie Brossier

About the Editors

Aurélie Campana is Full Professor at Université Laval, Canada. Her research focuses on the diffusion of violence across movements and borders in the North Caucasus and the Sahel.

Cédric Jourde is Associate Professor at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He specializes on the politics of ethnicity and Islam in the Sahel.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Mediterranean Politics

The Mediterranean Politics series takes an inter-disciplinary approach which, while generally focused on the disciplines of politics and international relations, also encompasses economics, human geography, sociology, and religious studies, in order to shed light on the interconnectedness of polities and societies in the Mediterranean region. The series takes the study of Mediterranean politics as a focal point to examine the global and transnational linkages between the Mediterranean area and the wider world. Showcasing cutting edge new research on regional, transnational and comparative politics, it provides a forum for the discussion of Mediterranean politics with special reference to the interaction between European and Middle Eastern & North African countries.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies