Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements

1st Edition

Edited by V.S. Sevastyanov

CRC Press

244 pages | 99 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781466594074
pub: 2014-07-25
SAVE ~$42.00
$210.00
$168.00
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429073588
pub: 2016-04-19
from $28.98


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements exploresdifferent methods of isotope analysis, including spark, secondary ion, laser, glow discharge, and isotope ratio mass spectrometry. It explains how to evaluate the isotopic composition of light elements (H, C, N, O) in solid, liquid, and gaseous samples of organic and inorganic substances, as well as:

  • Presents a universal, economical, simple, and rapid technique for sample preparation of organic substances to measure the isotopic composition of carbon
  • Describes how to determine microbial mineralization of organic matter in soil and the effect of exogenous substrates on environmental sustainability
  • Examines use of the isotopic composition of n-alkanes from continental vegetation to study the paleoclimate and plant physiology
  • Proposes a systematic approach to identifying tobacco areas of origin and tobacco products based on data from the isotopic composition of light elements
  • Discusses ways to detect doping drugs and suggests results assessment criteria based on determining reference intervals for endogenous markers
  • Reviews methods of release of gases from inclusions of rocks and minerals for further implementation of isotope mass spectrometric analysis
  • Considers use of optical isotope analyzers for determining the isotopic composition of carbon in CO2 and of hydrogen and oxygen in water

Providing a complete picture of the latest advancements in the field, Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements aids readers from a variety of disciplines in identifying the fundamental processes in biological, ecological, and geological systems and in revealing the subtle features of many physicochemical processes and chemical transformations.

Table of Contents

Preface

Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry: Devices, Methods, and Applications

V.S. Sevastyanov

General Characteristics of Mass Spectrometric Methods for the Determination of Isotopic Composition of Light Elements

Improvement of Equipment for the Determination Isotope Ratios of Light Elements

Mass Spectrometric Methods for Determining the Isotopic Composition of Light Elements

Metrological Characteristics of Mass Spectrometry of Isotope Ratios

The Effect of the Strength of the Analytical Signal on the Results of Measuring the Isotopic Composition of Light Elements

Study of the Completeness of Combustion of Difficult to Oxidise Compounds

Developing a New Method of Sample Preparation Based on Solid Electrolytes for Isotope Mass Spectrometric Analysis

The Electrochemical Decomposition of Water using a Solid Electrolyte Based on Zirconium Dioxide to Determine the Isotopic Composition of Hydrogen

The Distribution of the Isotopes of Light Elements in Various Objects

Finding the Source of Drugs and Explosives

The Effects of Isotope Fractionation and Accompanying Organic Synthesis

Isotope Effects in Carbonaceous Chondrites

Determination of the Isotopic Composition of Hydrogen and Oxygen of Water and Isotope Effects during Evaporation

The Distribution of Carbon Isotopes in Complex Organic Compounds of Biological Origin (Oil and Hydrocarbon Gases)

Determination of the Isotopic Composition of Carbon in the Collagen of Bones of Ancient Tombs

Conclusions

References

Universal Method for Preparation of Liquid, Solid, and Gaseous Samples for Determining the Isotopic Composition of Carbon

T.A. Velivetskaya, A. Ignat'ev, and S. Kiyashko

Introduction

The Experimental Part

Equipment and Materials

Combustion of Solid and Low-Volatility Liquid Samples to Determine the Isotopic Composition of Carbon

Combustion of Volatile Liquids to Determine Carbon Isotopic Composition

Combustion of Methane for the Determination of the Isotopic Composition of Carbon

Results and Discussion

Conclusions

Literature

Using Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry for Assessing the Metabolic Potential of Soil Microbiota

A.M. Zyakun and O. Dilly

Introduction

Methods of Analysis of Microbial Activity in Soil

Microbiological Method

Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry in the Study of Substrate-Induced Respiration (SIR)

Kinetics of CO2 Production during Substrate-Induced Respiration

Characteristics of Carbon Isotopic Composition of Microbial Products

Amount of Metabolic Carbon Dioxide and Characterization of Its Origin in the Soil

Using the 13C/12C Ratios to Characterize the Activity of the Microbiota in Arable Soils

Analyzed Soil Samples

Mineralization of SOM and Exogenous Glucose

Priming Effect (PE) of Glucose

Estimate of the Duration of the Effect of the Exogenous Substrate on the Microbiota

Conclusion

References

Study of the Isotopic Composition of Normal Alkanes of Continental Plants

N.A. Pedentchouk

Introduction

The Experimental Part

General Provisions

Methodological Features of Analysis

Results and Discussion

Conclusion

Literature

Using Isotope Ratio Mass Spectroscopy for Analysis of Tobacco

A.B. Uryupin

Literature

Using Isotope Mass Ratio Spectrometry of Carbon in Doping Control

T. Sobolevski, I.S. Prasolov, and G.M. Rodchenkov

Introduction

The Metabolism of Steroid Hormones

The Experimental Part

Equipment

Reagents and Materials

Sample Preparation

Results and Discussion

Literature

Isolation Methods in Isotope Geochemistry of Noble Gases

A.I. Buikin

Introduction

Stepwise Annealing

Release of Gases by Heating with a Laser Beam

The Stratified Oxidation Method

Stepwise Fragmentation

Conclusion

Literature

Using Laser Spectroscopy for Measuring the Ratios of Stable Isotopes

V.S. Sevastyanov

Introduction

Absorption Spectroscopy

Infrared Spectroscopy with Fourier Transform

Non-Dispersive Absorption Spectroscopy

Laser Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy

Laser On-Axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy

New Methods and Results

Conclusions

Literature

Index

About the Editor

V.S. Sevastyanov is vice head of the Department of Carbon Geochemistry at his Ph.D and big doctorate alma mater, the Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow. He also holds two masters degrees—one from Lomonosov Moscow State University and one from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. A widely published member of the Russian Mass Spectrometry Society and the ESIR, he has served as a senior scientist at several prestigious Russian laboratories. His current research interests include isotope ratio mass spectrometry, stable isotopic geochemistry and archeology, organic geochemistry, isotopic analysis of oil and gases, forensic science, and food analysis.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI019000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General
SCI031000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCI078000
SCIENCE / Spectroscopy & Spectrum Analysis