1st Edition

Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements

Edited By V.S. Sevastyanov Copyright 2015
    244 Pages 99 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements explores different methods of isotope analysis, including spark, secondary ion, laser, glow discharge, and isotope ratio mass spectrometry. It explains how to evaluate the isotopic composition of light elements (H, C, N, O) in solid, liquid, and gaseous samples of organic and inorganic substances, as well as:

    • Presents a universal, economical, simple, and rapid technique for sample preparation of organic substances to measure the isotopic composition of carbon
    • Describes how to determine microbial mineralization of organic matter in soil and the effect of exogenous substrates on environmental sustainability
    • Examines use of the isotopic composition of n-alkanes from continental vegetation to study the paleoclimate and plant physiology
    • Proposes a systematic approach to identifying tobacco areas of origin and tobacco products based on data from the isotopic composition of light elements
    • Discusses ways to detect doping drugs and suggests results assessment criteria based on determining reference intervals for endogenous markers
    • Reviews methods of release of gases from inclusions of rocks and minerals for further implementation of isotope mass spectrometric analysis
    • Considers use of optical isotope analyzers for determining the isotopic composition of carbon in CO2 and of hydrogen and oxygen in water

    Providing a complete picture of the latest advancements in the field, Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements aids readers from a variety of disciplines in identifying the fundamental processes in biological, ecological, and geological systems and in revealing the subtle features of many physicochemical processes and chemical transformations.

    Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry: Devices, Methods, and Applications
    V.S. Sevastyanov
    General Characteristics of Mass Spectrometric Methods for the Determination of Isotopic Composition of Light Elements
    Improvement of Equipment for the Determination Isotope Ratios of Light Elements
    Mass Spectrometric Methods for Determining the Isotopic Composition of Light Elements
    Metrological Characteristics of Mass Spectrometry of Isotope Ratios
    The Effect of the Strength of the Analytical Signal on the Results of Measuring the Isotopic Composition of Light Elements
    Study of the Completeness of Combustion of Difficult to Oxidise Compounds
    Developing a New Method of Sample Preparation Based on Solid Electrolytes for Isotope Mass Spectrometric Analysis
    The Electrochemical Decomposition of Water using a Solid Electrolyte Based on Zirconium Dioxide to Determine the Isotopic Composition of Hydrogen
    The Distribution of the Isotopes of Light Elements in Various Objects
    Finding the Source of Drugs and Explosives
    The Effects of Isotope Fractionation and Accompanying Organic Synthesis
    Isotope Effects in Carbonaceous Chondrites
    Determination of the Isotopic Composition of Hydrogen and Oxygen of Water and Isotope Effects during Evaporation
    The Distribution of Carbon Isotopes in Complex Organic Compounds of Biological Origin (Oil and Hydrocarbon Gases)
    Determination of the Isotopic Composition of Carbon in the Collagen of Bones of Ancient Tombs
    Universal Method for Preparation of Liquid, Solid, and Gaseous Samples for Determining the Isotopic Composition of Carbon
    T.A. Velivetskaya, A. Ignat'ev, and S. Kiyashko
    The Experimental Part
    Equipment and Materials
    Combustion of Solid and Low-Volatility Liquid Samples to Determine the Isotopic Composition of Carbon
    Combustion of Volatile Liquids to Determine Carbon Isotopic Composition
    Combustion of Methane for the Determination of the Isotopic Composition of Carbon
    Results and Discussion
    Using Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry for Assessing the Metabolic Potential of Soil Microbiota
    A.M. Zyakun and O. Dilly
    Methods of Analysis of Microbial Activity in Soil
    Microbiological Method
    Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry in the Study of Substrate-Induced Respiration (SIR)
    Kinetics of CO2 Production during Substrate-Induced Respiration
    Characteristics of Carbon Isotopic Composition of Microbial Products
    Amount of Metabolic Carbon Dioxide and Characterization of Its Origin in the Soil
    Using the 13C/12C Ratios to Characterize the Activity of the Microbiota in Arable Soils
    Analyzed Soil Samples
    Mineralization of SOM and Exogenous Glucose
    Priming Effect (PE) of Glucose
    Estimate of the Duration of the Effect of the Exogenous Substrate on the Microbiota
    Study of the Isotopic Composition of Normal Alkanes of Continental Plants
    N.A. Pedentchouk
    The Experimental Part
    General Provisions
    Methodological Features of Analysis
    Results and Discussion
    Using Isotope Ratio Mass Spectroscopy for Analysis of Tobacco
    A.B. Uryupin
    Using Isotope Mass Ratio Spectrometry of Carbon in Doping Control
    T. Sobolevski, I.S. Prasolov, and G.M. Rodchenkov
    The Metabolism of Steroid Hormones
    The Experimental Part
    Reagents and Materials
    Sample Preparation
    Results and Discussion
    Isolation Methods in Isotope Geochemistry of Noble Gases
    A.I. Buikin
    Stepwise Annealing
    Release of Gases by Heating with a Laser Beam
    The Stratified Oxidation Method
    Stepwise Fragmentation
    Using Laser Spectroscopy for Measuring the Ratios of Stable Isotopes
    V.S. Sevastyanov
    Absorption Spectroscopy
    Infrared Spectroscopy with Fourier Transform
    Non-Dispersive Absorption Spectroscopy
    Laser Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy
    Laser On-Axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy
    New Methods and Results


    V.S. Sevastyanov is vice head of the Department of Carbon Geochemistry at his Ph.D and big doctorate alma mater, the Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow. He also holds two masters degrees—one from Lomonosov Moscow State University and one from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. A widely published member of the Russian Mass Spectrometry Society and the ESIR, he has served as a senior scientist at several prestigious Russian laboratories. His current research interests include isotope ratio mass spectrometry, stable isotopic geochemistry and archeology, organic geochemistry, isotopic analysis of oil and gases, forensic science, and food analysis.