Since the calls of the Second Vatican Council, Roman Catholic theologians have sought to overcome an overarching problem facing Jewish–Christian relations, the concept of "supersessionism"; the idea that God has revoked the spiritual and historical promises made to the Jewish people in favour of granting those same privileges to a predominantly Gentile Church.
Israel, the Church, and Millenarianism breaks new ground by applying an ancient principle to the problem of Israel’s "replacement": the early Church’s promotion of millennialism. Utilizing the best in Patristic research, Aguzzi argues that these earliest Christian traditions made room for the future of Israel because Christ’s reign in the Church was viewed as provisional to his historical reign on earth—Israel’s role in salvation history was and is not yet complete. Aguzzi’s research also opens the door for a greater Catholic understanding of the millennial principle, not shying away from its validity and relevance for understanding the importance of safeguarding Jewish particularity, while concluding that the Synagogue and the Church are indeed on a parallel trajectory; "…what will their…[Israel’s]…acceptance be but life from the dead?" (Romans 11:15). Ultimately, the divine will is fulfilled through both Christian and Jewish means, in history, while each community is dependent, in different ways, upon the unfolding of God’s future and the coming Parousia of Christ.
Foreword by Jürgen Moltmann
Introduction: Introducing the Problem of Supersessionism in Relation to Eschatology
Part One: Supersessionism and Nostra Aetate
1 The Problem of Supersessionism
2 Nostra Aetate and its Reception: Supersessionism Challenged
Part Two: Millenarianism a Valid Part of Church History
3 Millenarianism Explored
4 Millenarianism and Early Church Tradition
5 A Shift in Eschatology: The Church becomes the Kingdom
Part Three: Millenarianism, Heresy, and Contemporary Catholic Theology
6 The Hermeneutics of Heresy
7 Millenarianism: Creeds, Ecumenical Councils, and Heresy?
8 Recent Magisterial Statements on Millenarianism
Part Four: Millenarianism And Post-Supersessionism
9 Prolegomena to a Christian Millenarian Theology of Judaism
10 Millenarianism, Supersessionism, and the Messianic Kingdom
The Routledge New Critical Thinking in Religion, Theology and Biblical Studies series brings high quality research monograph publishing back into focus for authors, international libraries, and student, academic and research readers. This open-ended monograph series presents cutting-edge research from both established and new authors in the field. With specialist focus yet clear contextual presentation of contemporary research, books in the series take research into important new directions and open the field to new critical debate within the discipline, in areas of related study, and in key areas for contemporary society.