Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics: An Introduction, 4th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics

An Introduction, 4th Edition

By Todd Landman, Edzia Carvalho

© 2017 – Routledge

354 pages

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Description

Building on the strengths of the third edition, this highly regarded textbook continues to provide the best introduction to the strategies of comparative research in political science. Divided into three parts, the book begins by examining different methods, applying these methods to dominant issues in comparative politics using a wealth of topical examples from around the world, and then discusses the new challenges in the area. This thoroughly revised and updated edition features:

  • Additional contemporary case studies including the democratisation of technology and the Arab Spring;
  • Detailed discussion of regression analysis and diffusion;
  • More analysis of justice, inequality, and compliance;
  • Reflection on new methods and treatments of contemporary comparative politics.

Balancing reader friendly features with high quality analysis makes this popular academic text is essential reading for everyone interested in comparative politics and research methods.

Reviews

'This book fills a longstanding gap in the literature for a clear and concise primer on the purpose and methods of comparative politics. It is also an excellent starting point for scholars and students alike who wish to come to grips with the most important arguments, findings and methodological challenges in the study of democracy and human rights. Required reading for budding comparativists, it should also serve as a benchmark which seasoned scholars should regularly revisit.' - Robert Mattes, University of Strathclyde, UK.

'I have relied on this book for years to teach my masters students how to think through their methods choices. It provides a much-needed neutral overview of the trade-offs between Large-N and Small-N methods, presenting these options as the "methodological universe of the field" of comparative politics. The book presents complex material in a clear way – and is useful both in teaching and in my own research.' - Sherrill Stroschein, University College London, UK

'Todd Landman and Edzia Carvalho have written a genuine multi-method textbook. They introduce students into substantive issues through the lenses of contrasting methods. Pluralistic and reflexive, well-structured, thoughtful, and up-to-date, Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics nicely fulfils its didactic promise. Students will encounter a most stimulating guide to the contemporary study of politics.' - Andreas Schedler, CIDE, Mexico City

Table of Contents

Introduction

PART I: WHY, HOW, AND PROBLEMS OF COMPARISON

1. Why Compare Countries?

    Reasons for comparison

    The science in political science

    Scientific terms and concepts

    Summary

    Further reading

2. How to Compare Countries

    Methods of comparison

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single country studies as comparison

    Choosing countries and problems of comparison

    Summary

    Further reading

3. Comparing Many Countries

    Starting assumptions

    Measuring concepts

    Basic regression analysis

    Extending the basic regression model

    Limitations to global comparative analysis

    Summary

    Further reading

4. Comparing Few Countries

    Assumptions

    Case selection and research design

    Combining quantitative and qualitative comparison

    Limitations of few-country comparisons

    Summary

    Further reading

5. Single-Country Studies as Comparison

    Functions of single-country studies

    Raising observations in single-country studies

    Limitations of single-study studies

    Summary

    Further reading

PART II: COMPARING COMPARISONS

6. Economic Development and Democracy

    The research problem

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single-country studies

    Summary

    Further reading

7. Violent Political Dissent and Social Revolution

    The research problem

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single-country studies

    Summary

    Further reading

8. Non-Violent Political Dissent and Social Movements

    The research problem

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single-country studies

    Summary

    Further reading

9. Transitions to Democracy

    The research problem

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single-country studies

    Summary

    Further reading

10. Institutional Design and Democratic Performance

    The research problem

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single-country studies

    Summary

    Further reading

11. Human Rights

    The research problem

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single-country studies

    Summary

    Further reading

12. International Relations and Comparative Politics

    Research problems

    Comparing many countries

    Comparing few countries

    Single-country studies

    Summary

    Further reading

PART III: COMPARATIVE METHODS AND NEW ISSUES

13. Common Themes and Different Comparisons

    Methodological trade-offs

    Building theory

    Conclusion: drawing the lessons

    Further reading

14. New Challenges For Comparative Politics

Full circle

New methods

Maintaining relevance

Summary

Further reading

About the Authors

Todd Landman is Professor of Political Science and Pro Vice Chancellor of the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Nottingham, UK. He has published Democracy and Human Rights (2013), Studying Human Rights (Routledge 2006), Protecting Human Rights (2005), co-authored Measuring Human Rights (Routledge 2009), and edited Human Rights (Volumes I-IV) (2009) and Sage Handbook of Comparative Politics (2009).

Edzia Carvalho is Lecturer in Politics in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Dundee, UK. She is co-author of Measuring Human Rights (Routledge 2009).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHI019000
PHILOSOPHY / Political
POL000000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General
POL010000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / History & Theory