First Published in 1995. Since many Japanese immigrants focused on agriculture, California and other western states sought to discourage their presense by passing laws making it impossible for Japanese to own agricultural land and enacted other discriminatory as well. The articles in this volume explore the background and ramifications of the so-called Alien Land laws and other anti-Japanese measures and the fascinating legal challenges that ensued.
Table of Contents
The Rise of Anti-Japanese Agitation, Some Legal Aspects of the Japanese Question, The Development of the Anti-Japanese Agitation in the United States, The Development of Anti-Japanese Agitation in the United States I, The California-Japanese Question, The Japanese Exclusion Bill of 1924, The Alien Land Laws, California, Japan, and the Alien Land Legislation of 1913, Prejudice Goes to Court: The Japanese and the Supreme Court in the 1920s, "The Most Thankless Task": Bryan and the California, Alien Land Legislation, Constitutional Law: Equal Protection of the Laws: Presumption of Intent to Evade Escheat in California, The California Alien Land Law and the Fourteenth Amendment, Landless by Law: Japanese Immigrants in California Agriculture to 1941, Japanese Immigrant Response to the 1920 California Alien Land Law, The Japanese Problem in Oregon, Prelude to Prejudice: Hiram Johnson, Woodrow Wilson, and the California Alien Land Law Controversy of 1913, The Anti-Japanese Land Laws of California and Ten Other States, European Immigrant and Oriental Alien: Acceptance and Rejection by the California Legislature of 1913, Alien Land Cases in United States Supreme Court, Civil Rights and Anti-Japanese Discrimination, Politics, Education, and Language Policy: The Case of Japanese Language Schools in Hawaii, The Early Japanese Immigrant Quest for Citizenship;The Background of the 1922 Ozawa Case, 1947-48 Term of the Supreme Court: The Alien’s Right to Work