Over the past few decades, Japan has faced severe earthquake disasters, an increasing ageing population, declining birth rates and widening social disparities. These issues have served to highlight gaps left by top-down governance approaches and the urgent need to create resilient societies using more traditional models.
Japanese 'machizukuri' has developed to become an exceptional example of bottom-up creative approaches based on collective action and use of local resources. Since its evolution in the 1960s, machizukuri has come to define diverse and creative community-driven management models, by which local communities are enabled to actively tackle problem-solving.
Including contributions from experts directly engaged in the process, this book explores the original development of machizukuri in Japan, its diffusion through East Asia and the positive outcomes of this transfer. Combining theoretical explanations with practical case studies, from pre-disaster planning in Tokyo, to the revitalization of historic towns and rural areas around Japan, the book looks at specific solutions, tools and links between academics, communities, organisations, governmental bodies and the private sector. It will appeal to researchers in planning, community-engagement, architecture, urban design and sustainable development.
Preface. Acknowledgments. Contributors. List of Figures. Part 1. 1. Introduction to machizukuri. 2. Brief History of Machizukuri in Three Countries in East Asia. 3.The emergence of machizukuri and the first generation. 4. The Second Generation: Participation, Collaboration and Co-creation. 5. The Third Generation: Aiming at Open Area Management. Part 2. 6. Machizukuri Methodology and Tools. 7. Machizukuri and Planning. Part 3. 8. Regenerating the urban structure in historic districts: An approach through projects representing traditional culture and crafts, created by entrepreneurs and craftsmen in Takaoka City. 9. Discovering the authenticity of the historical landscape and the original urban context through small collaborative design projects in a local castle-town city – Tsuruoka City. 10. Revitalization for the central urban area by local residents in Nabari City, Mie Prefecture. 11. The Rebirth of Mixed-Use Blocks in the Decayed Historic Centre of Takefu in Echizen City, Fukui Prefecture. 12. Housing production systems for conservation machizukuri.13. Rebirth of historic conservation districts surrounding Yuiyuan Garden through property exchange Machizukuri in Shanghai. 14. Furano Machizukuri Company movement connecting rural areas and urban core revitalization – Furano city. 15. Post-disaster reconstruction of central Ishinomaki through the formation of local initiatives. 16. Regeneration of the cultural landscape of the fisheries city of Kesennuma through the collaboration in machizukuri by multiple project-implementing bodies. 17. Community-Empowerment Recovery after Chi-Chi earthquake in case of Taomi Ecovillage Pu-li. 18. ‘SOHO City’ Mitaka: Machizukuri as a Creative urban governance. 19. Machizukuri as glocalization, progresses in highly dense "shitamachi" lower town areas in collaboration with Tsukishima community school, Tokyo. 20. Machizukuri in the Future. Glossary of Technical Terms particular in Japanese
The speed of growth of Global South’s emerging countries has quickly imposed, in recent years, new priorities in the urban agenda of this part of the world. In particular, the controversial relationship between the loss of local/regional identity and the modernisation is increasingly becoming a matter of great concern especially in Asia, Africa and Latin America. In these contexts the modernisation implies an unprecedented wave of urbanisation that is seriously threatening, in some cases, the survival as such of the traces of the past, especially the urban or rural heritage, or broadly speaking, the tangible and intangible dimensions of local cultures. Notwithstanding that western countries are facing similar disruptive forces the Global South requires different analytical frameworks and approaches to sustainability.
The series, which is grounded in the urban planning theory and practice is open to cross-disciplinary contributions and will welcome books on the Global South that deal with:
If you would like to submit a proposal, please contact the series editors, Giulio Verdini (G.Verdini@westminster.ac.uk) or Paolo Ceccarelli (firstname.lastname@example.org), or the commissioning editor, Grace Harrison (Grace.Harrison@tandf.co.uk).