This book uncovers and explains the ways by which politics is naturalized and denaturalized, and familiarized and de-familiarized through popular media. It explores the tensions between state actors such as censors, politicized and nonpoliticized audiences, and visual media creators, at various points in the history of Japanese visual media. It offers new research on a wide array of visual media texts including classical narrative cinema, television, documentary film, manga, and animated film. It spans the militarized decades of the 1930s and 1940s, through the Asia Pacific War into the present day, and demonstrates how processes of politicization and depoliticization should be understood as part of wider historical developments including Japan’s postwar devastation and poverty, subsequent rapid modernization and urbanization, and the aging population and economic struggles of the twenty-first century.
Table of Contents
JENNIFER COATES AND EYAL BEN- ARI
1 A question of form: dissent and the nouvelle vague
2 Negotiating sex, the bizarre, and politics: the Abe Sada incident in ﬁlms
3 The four lives of Matsugorō the Lawless: agency, constraint, and what is "worthy" of ﬁlm censorship in trans-war Japan
4 Tarzan and Japan: racial portraits of a nation in Boy Kenya
DEANNA T. NARDY
Critique, contestation, and resistance
5 Down in the dumps: Tokyo wastelands and marginalized groups in Japanese ﬁlm and anime
6 Cinema at the edge of the world: visions of precarity in the ﬁlms of Kumakiri Kazuyoshi
7 How to remember 3.11? Post-Fukushima documentary and the politics of Tōhoku Documentary Trilogy
Creating the political subject through media
8 The Japanese self-defence forces and cinematic productions: resonance and reverberation in the normalization of organized state violence
ATSUKO FUKUURA AND EYAL BEN-ARI
9 Politicizing the audience? Film fans’ experiences of cinema in the 1960s
10 Fading away from the screen: cinematic responses to queer ageing in contemporary Japanese cinema
Jennifer Coates is a senior lecturer in Japanese studies in the School of East Asian Studies, University of Sheffield, UK.
Eyal Ben-Ari is director of the Kinneret Center for Society, Security and Peace, Israel.