Japan’s Cold War Policy and China: Two Perceptions of Order, 1960-1972, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Japan’s Cold War Policy and China

Two Perceptions of Order, 1960-1972, 1st Edition

By Yutaka Kanda


280 pages

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Hardback: 9781138744394
pub: 2019-12-12
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From 1960s to the early 1970s in East Asia, the Cold War bipolar system, centering on the US and USSR, shifted to a more complicated structure. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, Washington and Moscow accelerated the détente process, leading China to fear a "collusion" of the two superpowers. Publicly attacking its former ally while continuing to fight against America, China rose as a symbol of multipolarization in international politics during this era. Focusing on Japan’s policy toward this changing paradigm, Kanda examines Japanese leaders’ perceptions of the international order and how they reacted to this changing international environment.

This book moves beyond the traditional Euro-centric view of the Cold War, emphasizing the significant role Japan played. The research provides insight into the foreign policy patterns of post-World War Two Japanese diplomacy, particularly in relation to China and the USSR. The investigation relies on careful readings of archival records from Japan, China, Taiwan, the US, the UK, Australia and the UN, published diplomatic documents from France and Germany, and personal papers, diaries and memoirs.

This volume will appeal to anyone who is interested in postwar Japan's politics and diplomacy, international history of East Asia, and the Cold War history in general.

Table of Contents


1. Introduction: Research Questions and Analytical Framework

Section 1: Transformation of the Cold War Structure and Japanese Diplomacy in the 1960s

Section 2: Categorization of Two Order Frameworks and Leaders

2. Chapter 1: Resistance and the Failed Isolation of China: The Ikeda Administration’s Policies Toward China, 1960–1964

Section 1: Willingness to Deal with the China Problems

Section 2: Running in Opposite Directions: Japan and the United States on their policies toward China and the Soviet Union

Section 3: Rise of the Sino-US Confrontation and the Collapse of Ikeda Diplomacy

3. Chapter 2: Adaptation to, and Discord with, US-Soviet Cooperation: Japanese Policy toward China in the Early Sato Administration 1964–1968

Section 1 Sato Eisaku’s Personality in His Policy toward China

Section 2: Sino-US Conflicts and the Formation of the Japan-US-USSR Affiliation

Section 3: Debate over the Isolation of China

4. Chapter 3: Sino-US Rapprochement and the Japanese Diplomatic Choice – The Sato and Tanaka Administrations and the Normalization of Sino-Japanese Diplomatic Relations 1969-1972

Section 1: Emergence of US-China-Soviet Triple Axis and Alienation of the Sato Administration

Section 2: Sino-US Rapprochement and Sato’s Diplomatic Guidance

Section 3 Sino-Japanese Diplomatic Normalization and Anti-Soviet Resonance

5. Last Chapter: “Cold War” and “Asian Order”


About the Author

Yutaka Kanda is Associate Professor in the faculty of Law at Niigata University, Japan

About the Series

Politics in Asia

Politics in Asia
Politics in Asia has long been established as a source of distinctive and authoritative studies on the political life of Asia. The series covers a broad range of countries and aspects of politics, and includes volumes from some of the leading scholars working in the field.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies