Japan's Evolving Security Policy
Militarisation within a Pacifist Tradition
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Japan has been expanding its military roles in the post-Cold War period. This book analyses the shift in Japan’s security policy by examining the collective ideas of political parties and the effect of an international norm.
Starting with the analysis of the collective ideas held by political parties, this book delves into factors overlooked in existing literature, including the effects of domestic and international norms, as well as how an international norm is localised when a conflicting domestic norm already exists. The argument held throughout is that these factors play a primary role in framing Japan's security policy. Overall, three security areas are studied: Japan’s arms trade ban policy, Japan’s participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, and Japan’s enlarged military roles in international security. Close examination demonstrates that the weakening presence of the left since the mid-1990s and the localisation of an international norm encouraged Japan to broaden its military role. Providing a comprehensive picture of Japan’s evolving security policy, this book asserts that shifts have occurred in ways that do not violate the pacifist domestic norm.
Japan's Evolving Security Policy will appeal to students and scholars of International Relations, Asian Politics, Asian Security Studies and Japanese Studies.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Unpacking the Puzzle 1. Norms, Ideas, and State Policy: A Theoretical Framework 2. Key Concepts: Opposing Ideas and Domestic and International Norms in Japan Part 2: Japan’s Arms Trade Ban Policy 3. The Arms Trade Ban Policy during the Cold War: Shared Norm, Different Ideas 4. Relaxing the Arms Trade Ban Policy in the Post-Cold War Period: The Influence of International Trends Part 3: Japan’s Peacekeeping Policy 5. Dispatching the Self-Defence Forces in the Cold War Period: Divisive Ideas in Domestic Politics 6. The Gulf War and Japan’s Participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: The Internalisation of an International Norm 7. Japan’s Evolving Peacekeeping Policy in the post-Cold War Period: Interaction between Domestic and International Norms Part 4: Japan’s Evolving Military Roles 8. Japan’s Expanding Security Roles in the1990s and 2000s: The Emergence of Collective Security 9. Peace and Security Legislation: Regulative Effects of a Domestic Norm 10. Conclusions
Kyoko Hatakeyama is Professor of International Relations at Graduate School of International Studies and Regional Development, University of Niigata Prefecture. Her research interests are Japan’s foreign and security policy, international relations in Asia, and international relations theory.