Jet Fuel Toxicology  book cover
1st Edition

Jet Fuel Toxicology

ISBN 9780367383763
Published September 19, 2019 by CRC Press
348 Pages

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Book Description

Currently serving as a resource for the National Center for Toxological Research in their work with the Gulf Coast oil spill, this book presents current research conducted primarily by the airforce on the toxic effects of JP-8 jet fuel on the pulmonary, immune, dermal, and nervous systems. In all, the book considers 13 toxicology studies of significance, the results of which are currently shaping US armed services policy. It will enable all of the hydrocarbon industry to make better choices regarding fuel handling.

Due to its widespread use, jet fuel is thought to be the largest toxicant exposure risk for U.S. Armed Services personnel. Taking a proactive approach to the potential dangers of repeated human exposure to hydrocarbon fuels, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) sponsored a number of research projects during the last 20 years investigating health effects resulting from specific exposure to JP-8 (Jet Propellant-8).

Jet Fuel Toxicology summarizes the newest and most important results of these extensive research programs carried out by hydrocarbon fuel research groups throughout the U.S. Each book chapter highlights one specific research area from the many topical areas comprising jet fuel toxicology. After examining the contents and general action of JP-8, the book looks at how the fuel affects various body functions highlighted by:

  • Effects on daily inhalation on the respiratory system

  • Acute and long-term neurotoxicological and neurobehavioral effects

  • Both local and systemic toxicity following exposure through the skin

  • Immunotoxicity from pulmonary and dermal exposures

  • Genetic damage, as evidenced in studies of the blood and bone marrow of mice

In all, the book considers 13 major toxicology areas of study, the results of which will enable all of the hydrocarbon industry to make

Table of Contents

Air Force-Related Jet Fuel Toxicology Research (1991–2010). Jet Fuel Composition. The Toxicity and Underlying Mechanism of Jet Propulsion Fuel-8 on the Respiratory System.Neurotoxicological and Neurobehavioral Effects from Exposure to Jet Fuels.Differential Protein Expression Following JP-8 Jet Fuel Exposure,Immune Modulation by Dermal Exposure to Jet Fuel. Absorption, Penetration, and Cutaneous Toxicity of Jet Fuels and Hydrocarbon Components. Methods of Assessing Skin Irritation and Sensitization of Jet Fuels. Understanding Systemic and Local Toxicity of JP-8 after Cutaneous Exposures. The Effects of Aerosolized JP-8 Jet Fuel Exposure on the Immune System: A Review. The Involvement of Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in Defense against JP-8 Jet Fuel and Other Chemical Toxicants. Evaluation of Methods Used to Generate and Characterize Jet Fuel Vapor and Aerosol for Inhalation Toxicology Studies.  Genetic Damage in the Blood and Bone Marrow of Mice Treated with JP-8 Jet Fuel. Computational Analyses of JP-8 Fuel Droplet and Vapor Depositions in Human Upper Airway Models. Human Exposure to Jet Propellant-8.

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Mark L. Witten, Errol Zeiger, Glenn D. Ritchie