This path-breaking collection of papers examines the phenomenon of jihadist insurgent movements in the Middle East and North, East and West Africa. It argues that military and strategic analysts have paid insufficient attention to the phenomenon of jihadism in insurgent movements, partly due to a failure to take the role of religion sufficiently seriously in the ideological mobilisation of recruits by guerrilla movements stretching back to the era of "national liberation" after World War Two. Several essays in the collection examine Al Qaeda and ISIL as military as well as political movements while others assess Boko Haram in West Africa, Al Shabaab in Somalia and jihadist movements in Libya. Additionally, some authors discuss the recruitment of foreign fighters and the longer-term terrorist threat posed by the existence of jihadist movements to security and ethnic relations in Europe
Overall, this volume fills an important niche between studies that look at Islamic fundamentalism and "global jihad" at the international level and micro studies that look at movements locally. It poses the question whether jihadist insurgencies are serious revolutionary threats to global political stability or whether, like Soviet Russia after its initial revolutionary phase of the 1920s, they can be ultimately contained by the global political order. The volume sees these movements as continuing to evolve dynamically over the next few years suggesting that, even if ISIL is defeated, the movement that brought it into being will still exist and very probably morph into new movements. Jihadist Insurgent Movements was originally published as a special issue of Small Wars & Insurgencies.
Table of Contents
1. Preface Ahmed Al-Hamli
2. Introduction Paul B. Rich
3. The Islamic State and the Return of Revolutionary Warfare Craig Whiteside
4. How revolutionary are Jihadist insurgencies? The case of ISIL Paul B. Rich
5. Global Jihad and Foreign Fighters George Joffé
6. A Fratricidal Libya: Making Sense of a Conflict Complex Mikael Eriksson
7. Belgian and Dutch Jihadist Foreign Fighters (2012–2015): Characteristics, Motivations, and Roles in the War in Syria and Iraq Edwin Bakker and Roel de Bont
8. Who Goes, Why, and With What Effects: The Problem of Foreign Fighters from Europe Lasse Lindekilde, Preben Bertelsen and Michael Stohl
9. A Sectarian Jihad in Nigeria: The Case of Boko Haram Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos
10. Operation Barkhane and Boko Haram: French Counterterrorism and Military Cooperation in the Sahel Christopher Griffin
11. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: Terrorism, insurgency, or organized crime? Sergei Boeke
12. Shapeshifter of Somalia: Evolution of the Political Territoriality of Al-Shabaab Bohumil Doboš
13. Jihadist insurgency and the prospects for peace and security Richard Burchill
14. Afterword Paul B. Rich
Paul B. Rich is co-editor of Small Wars and Insurgencies and the author of several books and articles on insurgency, counter-insurgency, terrorism and warlords. He has taught at the universities of Bristol, Warwick and Melbourne and is currently completing a book entitled Cinema and Unconventional War: Insurgency, Terrorism and Special Operations on screen, 1930-2015.
Richard Burchill is the Director of Research and Engagement for TRENDS: Research & Advisory. Previously he was with the Law School at the University of Hill where he was also Director of the McCoubrey Centre for International Law. He engages in teaching and consultancy work with international organisations and national governments.