This book examines shared intuitive notions of justice among laypersons and compares the discovered principles to those instantiated in American criminal codes. It reports eighteen original studies on a wide range of issues that are central to criminal law formulation.
1. Community Standards and the Criminal Law 2. Doctrines of Criminalization: What Conduct Should Be Criminal? 3. Doctrines of Justification: When Should It Be Lawful for One to Engage in Conduct That Normally Would Constitute a Violation? 4. Doctrines of Culpability: When Is One's Violation of a Legal Rule Blameworthy? 5. Doctrines of Excuse: When Is One's Rule Violation Blameless? 6. Doctrines of Grading: What Degree of Punishment Is Deserved for One's Blameworthy Violation? 7. Conflict Between Community Views and Criminal Codes