Juvenile Justice: Theory and Practice, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Juvenile Justice

Theory and Practice, 1st Edition

By Cliff Roberson

CRC Press

365 pages | 14 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439813768
pub: 2010-08-30
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Over several hundred years, the juvenile justice system has evolved from one in which a child offender was prosecuted under the same guidelines used for adults to the current system in which society has recognized the unique status of juveniles within the criminal justice framework. Written by world-renowned legal scholar Cliff Roberson, Juvenile Justice: Theory and Practice provides a comprehensive overview of the system that administers the prosecution of young offenders. It examines how the juvenile justice system began, its current state, and the direction it appears to be heading.

Topics discussed include:

  • Types of juvenile delinquency cases, arrest statistics, juvenile justice organizations, and the concept of judicial waiver
  • The history of juvenile courts, including the parens patriae doctrine, early laws, In re Gault, and concepts of reform versus punishment
  • Delinquency causation philosophies, including social, cultural deviance, symbolic interactionist, and psychological theories
  • Types of abuse and neglect, child protective services, and child abuse prevention programs
  • Law enforcement agencies, the structure of juvenile courts, juvenile court procedures, transfers to criminal court, and the concept of individual rights
  • Juvenile probation and parole, juvenile institutions, group homes, boot camps, and shock programs
  • Selected issues in juvenile justice, including drug abuse, juvenile sex offenders, and youth gangs

The book cites actual court cases to demonstrate concepts, provides review questions at the end of each chapter, and includes a glossary of relevant terms. A concise and practical text on juvenile justice, this volume facilitates understanding of this complex and critical subject.

Table of Contents

An Overview of Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice Defined

Juvenile Court Authority

Measuring Delinquency

Serious Violent Crimes by Juveniles

Nonviolent Crimes

Juvenile Justice Organizations

Judicial Waiver

Development of Juvenile Courts


parens patriae

Early Laws

Development of Juvenile Courts in the United States

Juvenile Justice and the Supreme Court

Punish or Reform

Delinquency Causation Theories

Basic Assumptions of Delinquent Behavior

Explaining Juvenile Delinquency

Classical School

Positivist School

Social Theories

Social Control Theories

Cultural Deviance Theories


Social Disorganization Theories

Symbolic Interactionist Theories

Biological Theories

Psychological Theories


Male Delinquency

Abused and Neglected Children

Types of Abuse

Nature of the Problems

Family Influences

Neglected Children

Child Abuse

Missing Children

Child Protective Services

Law Enforcement and Juveniles

Historical Overview

Structure of Agencies

Consequences of Arrest

Disposition of Youths

Juveniles’ Attitudes toward Law Enforcement

Community Policing


Courts in the Juvenile Justice System


Organizational Structures of Juvenile Courts


Jurisdictional Responsibilities of Juvenile Courts


Actors in Juvenile Court

Rights of Juveniles and Parents

Overview of the Procedures in Juvenile Court

Opening a Case

Temporary Custody of the Juvenile

Petition to Juvenile Court

Jurisdiction Hearing

Disposition Hearing

Postdisposition Hearing

Direct Filing in Adult Criminal Court

Waiver/transfer Hearing

Procedures in Juvenile Court

Delinquency Cases

Detention Hearings



Jurisdiction or Intake Hearing

Adjudicatory Hearings

Disposition Hearing

Victims’ Rights

Dependency, Abuse, and Neglect Cases

Court Orders

Cases referred to Criminal Courts

Juveniles in Criminal Court

Kent v. United States

In re Gault

Breed v. Jones

In re Winship

McKeiver v. Pennsylvania

Standards for the Administration of Juvenile Justice

Concurrent Jurisdiction

Uniform Juvenile Court Act

Selected State Court Decisions

Right to Appeal a Transfer to Criminal Court

Juvenile Court and Individual Rights

Standards for Juvenile Justice

Due Process

Waiver of Fourth Amendment Rights

Waiver of Counsel

Rights at a Probation Revocation Hearing

Key Supreme Court Cases

Juvenile Probation

Juvenile Probation

History of Probation

Status of Probation

Extent of Probation

Conditions of Probation

Probationers’ Rights

Functions of Probation

Predisposition Evaluations

Parental Involvement in Probation

Requirement to Apologize

Juvenile Institutions and Early Releases

Types of Institutions

Typical Juvenile Facilities


Determinate and Indeterminate Sentencing

History of Parole

Parole Today

The Parole Decision

Parole Services

Revocation of Parole

Discharge from Parole

Juvenile Group Homes

Overview of the Missouri Division of Youth Services


Referral to a Group Home

Effectiveness of Group Homes

Boot Camps and Shock Programs

Characteristics of Boot Camps

Evaluation of Boot Camp Programs

Shock Incarceration

Rehabilitative Programming

Attitudinal Change


Selected Issues in Juvenile Justice

Drug Abusers

Juvenile Drug Courts

Juvenile Sex Offenders

Youth Gangs

Appendix: Common Terms Used in Juvenile Corrections

About the Author

Cliff Roberson LLM, Ph.D. is Academic Chair, Graduate School of Criminal Justice at Kaplan University and Emeritus Professor of Criminal Justice at Washburn University. He has authored or co-authored 52 books and texts.

In 2009, a research study conducted by a group of professors from Sam Houston State University determined that Cliff Roberson was the leading criminal justice author in the United States based upon on his publications and their relevance to the profession.

—Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol.6, issue 1, 2009

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW / Forensic Science
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Affairs & Administration