"Kant, Kantianism and Idealism" presents an overview of German Idealism, the major movement in philosophy from the late 18th to the middle of the 19th Century. The period was dominated by Kant, Fichte, Schelling and Hegel, whose work influenced not just philosophy, but also art, theology and politics. The volume covers not only these major figures but also their main followers and interpreters. These include Kant's younger contemporary Herder, his early critics such as Jacobi, Reinhold, and Maimon, and his readers Schiller and Schlegel - who shaped much of the subsequent reception of Kant in art, literature and aesthetics - as well as Schopenhauer, whose unique appropriation and criticism of theories of cognition later had a decisive influence on Nietzsche. The "Young Hegelians" - such as Bruno Bauer, Ludwig Feuerbach, and David Friedrich Strauss, whose writings would influence Engels and Marx - are also discussed. The influence of Kant and German Idealism also extended into France, shaping the thought of such figures as Saint-Simon, Fourier, and Proudhon, whose work would prove decisive for subsequent philosophical, political, and economic thinking in Europe in the second half of the 19th century.
Series Preface; Introduction, Thomas Nenon; 1. Immanuel Kant's turn to transcendental philosophy, Thomas Nenon; 2. Kant's early critics: Jacobi, Reinhold, Maimon, Richard Fincham; 3. Johann Gottfried Herder, Sonia Sikka; 4. Play and irony: Schiller and Shlegel on the liberating prospects of aesthetics, Daniel Dahlstrom; 5. Fichte and Husserl: life-world, the Other, and philosophical reflection, Robert R. Williams; 6. Schelling: philosopher of tragic dissonance, Joseph P. Lawrence; 7. Schopenhauer on empirical and aesthetic perception and cognition, Bart Vandenabeele; 8. G. W. F. Hegel, Terry Pinkard; 9. From Hegelian reason to Marxian revolution, 1831 - 48, Lawrence S. Stepelevich; 10. Saint-Simon, Fourier, and Proudhon: "Utopian" French socialism, Diane Morgan