Kant’s Theory of the Self  book cover
1st Edition

Kant’s Theory of the Self

ISBN 9780415887793
Published November 3, 2010 by Routledge
194 Pages

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Book Description

The self for Kant is something real, and yet is neither appearance nor thing in itself, but rather has some third status. Appearances for Kant arise in space and time where these are respectively forms of outer and inner attending (intuition). Melnick explains the "third status" by identifying the self with intellectual action that does not arise in the progression of attending (and so is not appearance), but accompanies and unifies inner attending. As so accompanying, it progresses with that attending and is therefore temporal--not a thing in itself. According to Melnick, the distinction between the self or the subject and its thoughts is a distinction wholly within intellectual action; only such a non-entitative view of the self is consistent with Kant’s transcendental idealism. As Melnick demonstrates in this volume, this conception of the self clarifies all of Kant’s main discussions of this issue in the Transcendental Deduction and the Paralogisms of Pure Reason.

Table of Contents


PART I: Preliminary Overview

Chapter One: The Reality of the Thinking Subject

Chapter Two: The Paralogisms and Transcendental Idealism


PART II: The Thinking Subject

Chapter Three: The First Paralogism

Chapter Four: The Second Paralogism

Chapter Five: Transcendental Self-Consciousness

Chapter Six: Other Interpretations of the Paralogisms


PART III: The Cognizing Subject

Chapter Seven: Empirical Apperception

Chapter Eight: Pure Apperception


PART IV: The Person as Subject

Chapter Nine: Apperception and Inner Sense

Chapter Ten: The Third Paralogism and Kant’s Conception of a Person

PART V: The Subject and Material Reality

Chapter Eleven: The Embodied Subject

Chapter Twleve: The Fourth Paralogism




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Arthur Melnick is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He has published several books on Kant’s philosophy including Space, Time, and Thought in Kant, and Themes in Kant’s Metaphysics and Ethics.