Kazakhstan - Ethnicity, Language and Power (Paperback) book cover

Kazakhstan - Ethnicity, Language and Power

By Bhavna Dave

© 2008 – Routledge

260 pages

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Paperback: 9780415482981
pub: 2008-08-01
Hardback: 9780415363716
pub: 2007-09-19

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Kazakhstan is emerging as the most dynamic economic and political actor in Central Asia. It is the second largest country of the former Soviet Union, after the Russian Federation, and has rich natural resources, particularly oil, which is being exploited through massive US investment. Kazakhstan has an impressive record of economic growth under the leadership of President Nursultan Nazarbaev, and has ambitions to project itself as a modern, wealthy civic state, with a developed market economy. At the same time, Kazakhstan is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the region, with very substantial non-Kazakh and non-Muslim minorities. Its political regime has used elements of political clientelism and neo-traditional practices to bolster its rule. Drawing from extensive ethnographic research, interviews, and archival materials this book traces the development of national identity and statehood in Kazakhstan, focusing in particular on the attempts to build a national state. It argues that Russification and Sovietization were not simply 'top-down' processes, that they provide considerable scope for local initiatives, and that Soviet ethnically-based affirmative action policies have had a lasting impact on ethnic élite formation and the rise of a distinct brand of national consciousness.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1. Empire, Collaboration, and Transition 2. From Nomadism to a National Imagination 3. Becoming Mankurts? The Hegemony of Russian 4. Ethnic Entitlements and Compliance 5. Enshrining Kazakh as the State Language 6. Disempowered Minorities 7. The Nationalizing State: Symbols and Spoils. Conclusions

About the Author

Bhavna Dave is a lecturer in Central Asian Politics at the Department of Politics and International Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. She specializes in issues of ethnic relations, identity politics and political transition in Central Asia.

About the Series

Central Asian Studies

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Asia / General
HISTORY / Europe / Russia & the Former Soviet Union
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General