Keats, Modesty and Masturbation  book cover
1st Edition

Keats, Modesty and Masturbation

ISBN 9781138272835
Published October 25, 2016 by Routledge
190 Pages

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Book Description

Examining John Keats’s reworking of the romance genre, Rachel Schulkins argues that he is responding to and critiquing the ideals of feminine modesty and asexual femininity advocated in the early nineteenth century. Through close readings of Isabella; or the Pot of Basil, The Eve of St. Agnes, Lamia and ’La Belle Dame sans Merci,’ Schulkins offers a re-evaluation of Keats and his poetry designed to demonstrate that Keats’s sexual imagery counters conservative morality by encoding taboo desires and the pleasures of masturbation. In so doing, Keats presents a version of female sexuality that undermines the conventional notion of the asexual female. Schulkins engages with feminist criticism that largely views Keats as a misogynist poet who is threatened by the female’s overwhelming sexual and creative presence. Such criticism, Schulkins shows, tends towards a problematic identification between poet and protagonist, with the text seen as a direct rendering of authorial ideology. Such an interpretation neither distinguishes between author, protagonist, text, social norms and cultural history nor recognises the socio-sexual and political undertones embedded in Keats’s rendering of the female. Ultimately, Schulkins’s book reveals how Keats’s sexual politics and his refutation of the asexual female model fed the design, plot and vocabulary of his romances.



Dr Rachel Schulkins received her PhD from the University of Liverpool and is currently a lecturer at Liverpool Hope University, UK.


’Offering intriguing readings of Keats’s romances, Rachel Schulkins’s book is the first sustained treatment of the poet’s work in terms of his figurative use of masturbation. She engages with Keats’s complex concerns with gender and sexuality, which have been points of contention among Keats scholars and sources of frustration to his readers within and outside the academy.’ James Allard, Brock University and author of Romanticism, Medicine, and the Poets Body