Key Readings in Criminology  book cover
1st Edition

Key Readings in Criminology

ISBN 9781843924029
Published August 31, 2009 by Willan
908 Pages

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Book Description

Key Readings in Criminology provides a comprehensive single-volume collection of readings in criminology. It provides students with convenient access to a broad range of excerpts (over 150 readings) from original criminological texts and key articles, and is designed to be used either as a stand-alone text or in conjunction with the same author's textbook, Criminology.

This volume can be used in a number of ways in support of the study of criminology:

  • as a source of both ‘key’ and supplementary reading for lectures;
  • as the basis for organized reading in advance of seminars and tutorials;
  • as the basis for classroom discussion and analysis;
  • as a broad source of reading for exam revision;
  • in addition it provides students with access to a broad range of materials with which to follow up their reading of their main textbook;
  • it includes readings that include more recent summaries of particularly important criminological issues, as well as excerpts from criminological classics;
  • it also introduces students not only to criminological argument and debate, but also encourages them to read primary as well as secondary or summary sources.

Table of Contents

1. Understanding Crime and Criminology  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  1.1 What is crime?, Paul Tappan  1.2 Conceptions of deviance, official data and deviants, Steven Box  1.3 The construction and deconstruction of crime, John Muncie  1.4 A suitable amount of crime, Nils Christie  2. Crime and Punishment in History  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  2.1 Execution and the English people, Vic Gatrell  2.2 Eighteenth-century punishment, Michael Ignatieff  2.3 Prosecutors and the courts, Clive Emsley  2.4 Police and people: the birth of Mr Peel's blue locusts, Michael Ignatieff  2.5The London Garotting Panic of 1862: a moral panic and the creation of acriminal class in mid-Victorian England, Jennifer Davis  3. Crime Data and Crime Trends  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  3.1 The social construction of official statistics on criminal deviance, Steven Box  3.2 A note on the use of official statistics, John Kitsuse and Aaron Cicourel  3.3 The origins of the British Crime Survey, Mike Hough, Mike Maxfield, B. Morris and J Simmons  3.4 Unravelling recent crime patterns and trends, Robert Reiner  4. Crime and the Media, Introduction, Key concepts and questions for discussion  4.1What makes crime 'news'?, Jack Katz  4.2 The media politics of crime and criminal justice, Philip Schlesinger, H. Tumber, and G. Murdock  4.3 On the continuing problem of media effects, Sonia Livingstone  4.4 The sociology of moral panics, Stan Cohen  5. Classicism and Positivism  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  5.1 On Crimes and Punishments, Cesare Beccaria  5.2 The female born criminal, Cesare Lombroso  5.3 The positive school of criminology, Enrico Ferri  6. Biological Positivism  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  6.1 Criminal anthropology in the United States, Nicola Rafter  6.2 The increasing appropriation of genetic explanations, Troy Duster  6.3 Biosocial studies of antisocial and violent behaviour in children and adults, Adrian Raine  6.4 Evolutionary psychology and crime, Satoshi Kanazawa  7. Psychological Positivism  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  7.1 Differential association, E. Sutherland and D.Cressey  7.2 Social structure and social learning, Ron Akers  7.3 Crime as choice, James Q. Wilson and Richard Herrnstein  7.4 The link between cognitive ability and criminal behaviour, Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray  8. Durkheim, Anomie and Strain  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  8.1 The normal and the pathological, Emile Durkheim  8.2 Social structure and anomie, Robert Merton  8.3 Why do individuals engage in crime?, Robert Agnew  8.4 Crime and the American Dream: an institutional analysis, Richard Rosenfield and Steven Messner  8.5 The Vertigo of Late Modernity, Jock Young  9. The Chicago School: Culture and Subcultures  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  9.1 Juvenile delinquency and urban areas, Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay  9.2 Delinquent Boys: The culture of the gang, Al Cohen  9.3 Subcultural conflict and working-class community, Phil Cohen  9.4 Subcultures, cultures and class, John Clarke, Stuart Hall,Tony Jefferson and B. Roberts  9.5 Cultural criminology, Jeff Ferrell  10. Interactionism and Labelling Theory  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  10.1 Primary and secondary deviation, Edwin Lemert  10.2 Notes on the sociology of deviance, Kai Eriksen  10.3 Outsiders, Howard Becker  10.4 Misunderstanding labelling perspectives, Ken Plummer  10.5 The social reaction against drugtaking, Jock Young  11. Control Theories  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  11.1 Techniques of neutralization: a theory of delinquency, Gresham Sykes and David Matza  11.2 A control theory of delinquency, Travis Hirschi  11.3 A General Theory of Crime, Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi  11.4 Charles Tittle's Control Balance and criminological theory, John Braithwaite  12. Radical and Critical Criminology, Introduction, Key concepts and questions for discussion  12.1 Toward a political economy of crime, William Chambliss  12.2 The theoretical and political priorities of critical criminology, Phil Scraton and Kathryn Chadwick  12.3 Radical criminology in Britain, Jock Young  12.4 Abolitionism and crime control, Willem de Haan  13. Left and Right Realism  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  13.1 Reflections on realism, Roger Matthews and Jock Young  13.2 The failure of criminology: the need for a radical realism, Jock Young  13.3 The Emerging Underclass, Charles Murray  13.4 Broken windows, James Q. Wilson and George Kelling  14. Contemporary Classicism  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  14.1 The new criminologies of everyday life, David Garland  14.2 'Situational' crime prevention: theory and practice, Ron Clarke  14.3 Opportunity makes the thief: practical theory for crime prevention, Marcus Felsen and Ron Clarke  14.4 Social change and crime rate trends: a routine activity approach, Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felsen  15. Feminist Criminology  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  15.1 The etiology of female crime, Dorie Klein  15.2 Girls, crime and woman's place: toward a feminist model of female delinquency, Meda Chesney-Lind  15.3 Feminism and criminology, Kathleen Daly and Meda Chesney-Lind  15.4 Feminist approaches to criminology or postmodern woman meets atavistic man, Carol Smart  16. Late Modernity, Governmentality and Risk  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  16.1 The new penology: notes on the emerging strategy for corrections, Malcolm Feeley and Jonathan Simon  16.2 Actuarialism and the risk society, Jock Young  16.3 Risk, power and crime prevention, Pat O'Malley  16.4 'Say Cheese!' The Disney order that is not so Mickey Mouse, Clifford Shearing and Philip Stenning  17 .Victims, Victimization and Victimology  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  17.1 On Becoming a Victim, Paul Rock  17.2 Fiefs and peasants: accomplishing change for victims in the criminal justice system, Joanna Shapland  17.3 Violence against women and children: the contradictions of crime control under patriarchy, Jill Radford and Betsy Stanko  17.4 Multiple victimization: its extent and significance, Graham Farrell  18. White-collar and Corporate Crime  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  18.1 The problem of white-collar crime, Edwin Sutherland  18.2 Who is the criminal?, Paul Tappan  18.3 Defining white-collar crime, David Friedrichs  18.4 Iraq and Halliburton, Dawn Rothe  19. Organised crime  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  19.1 Organised crime: the structural skeleton, Donald Cressey  19.2 Fishy business: The mafia and the Fulton Fish Market, James Jacobs  19.3 The crime network, William Chambliss  19.4 The Profession of Violence: the Krays, John Pearson  19.5 Perspectives on 'Organised Crime', Mike Levi  20. Violent and Property Crime  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  20.1 The social organization of burglary, Neil Shover  20.2 American lethal violence, Franklin Zimring and Gordon Hawkins  20.3 Modernization, self-control and lethal violence, Manuel Eisner  20.4 Racial harassment and the process of victimization, Ben Bowling  21. Drugs and Alcohol  Introduction. Key concepts and questions for discussion  21.1 Booze, the urban night, and the human ecology of violence, Dick Hobbs, Phil Hadfield, Stuart Lister and Simon Winlow  21.2 Heroin use and street crime, James Inciardi  21.3 Drug prohibition in the United States: costs, consequences and alternatives, Ethan Nadelmann  21.4 The war on drugs and the African-American community, Mark Mauer  22. Penology and Punishment  Introduction. Key concepts and questions for discussion  22.1 The body of the condemned, Michel Foucault  22.2 What works? Questions and answers about prison reform, Robert Martinson  22.3 Censure and proportionality, Andrew von Hirsch  22.4 The largest penal experiment in American history, Franklin Zimring, Gordon Hawkins and Sam Kamin  23. Understanding Criminal Justice  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  23.1 Two models of the criminal process, Herbert Packer  23.2 Models of justice: Portia or Persephone? Some thoughts on equality, fairness and gender in the field of criminal justice, Frances Heidensohn  23.3 The antecedents of compliant behaviour, Tom Tyler  23.4 Defiance, deterrence and irrelevance: a theory of the criminal sanction, Lawrence Sherman  24. Crime Prevention and Community Safety  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  24.1 A conceptual model of crime prevention, Paul Brantingham and Frederic Faust  24.2 The British Gas suicide story and its criminological implications, Ron Clarke and Pat Mayhew  24.3 Neighbourhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy, Robert Sampson, Stephen Raudenbusch and Felten Earls  24.4 The uses of sidewalks: safety, Jane Jacobs  25. The Police and Policing  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  25.1 What do the police do? David Bayley  25.2 A sketch of the policeman's working personality, Jerome Skolnick  25.3 The rhetoric of community policing, Carl Klockars  25.4 The future of policing, David Bayley and Clifford Shearing  26. Criminal Courts and the Court Process  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  26.1 Conditions of successful degradation ceremonies, Harold Garfinkel  26.2 Materials of control, Pat Carlen  26.3 The adversarial system, Paul Rock  26.4 Understanding law enforcement, Doreen McBarnett  27. Sentencing and Non-Custodial Penalties  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  27.1 Crime, inequality and sentencing, Pat Carlen  27.2 The punitive city: notes on the dispersal of social control, Stan Cohen  27.3 The dispersal of discipline thesis, Anthony Bottoms  27.4 Understanding the growth of the prison population in England and Wales, Andrew Millie, Jessica Jacobson and Mike Hough  28. Prisons and Imprisonment  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  28.1 The 'disciplinary' origins of the prison, David Garland  28.2 Prisons and the contested nature of punishment, Richard Sparks  28.3 The inmate world, Erving Goffman  28.4 Women in prison: the facts, Pat Carlen and Anne Worrall  29. Youth Crime and Youth Justice  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  29.1 Present tense: moderates and hooligans, Geoffrey Pearson  29.2 The coming of the super-predators, John Dilulio  29.3 Penal custody: intolerance, irrationality and indifference, Barry Goldson  29.4 Comparative youth justice, Michael Cavadino and James Dignan  30. Restorative Justice  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  30.1 Conflicts as property, Nils Christie  30.2 Restorative justice: an overview, Tony Marshall  30.3 Responsibilities, rights and restorative justice, Andrew Ashworth  30.4 Critiquing the critics: a brief response to critics of restorative justice, Allison Morris  31. Race, Crime and Justice  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  31.1 The racism of criminalization: police and the reproduction of the criminal other, Tony Jefferson  31.2 From Scarman to Stephen Lawrence, Stuart Hall  31.3 In proportion: race, and police stop and search, P.A.J. Waddington, Kevin Stenson and David Don  31.4 Deadly symbiosis: when ghetto and prison meet and mesh, Loic Wacquant  32. Gender, Crime and Justice  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  32.1 Women and criminal justice: saying it again, again and again, Loraine Gelsthorpe  32.2 The woman of legal discourse, Carol Smart  32.3 Women and social control, Frances Heidensohn  32.4 Common sense, routine precaution and normal violence, Betsy Stanko  32.5 Hegemonic and subordinated masculinities, James Messerschmidt  33. Criminal and Forensic Psychology  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  33.1 Individual factors in offending, David Farrington and Brandon Welsh  33.2 Adolescent-limited and life-course persistent antisocial behavior: a developmental taxonomy, Terrie Moffitt  33.3 A sociogenic developmental theory of offending, Robert Sampson and John Laub  34. Globalisation, Terrorism and Human Rights  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  34.1 Crime Control as Industry, Nils Christie  34.2 Human rights and crimes of the state: the culture of denial, Stan Cohen  34.3 The new regulatory state and the transformation of criminology, John Braithwaite  34.4 Criminal justice and political cultures, Tim Newburn and Richard Sparks  35. Doing Criminological Research  Introduction.  Key concepts and questions for discussion  35.1The relationship between theory and empirical observations in criminology, Anthony Bottoms  35.2 The fieldwork approach, Howard Parker  35.3 A snowball's chance in hell: doing fieldwork with active residential burglars, Richard Wright, Scott Decker, Allison Redfern and Dietrich Smith  35.4 Doing research in prison: breaking the silence?, Allison Liebling  35.5 Feminist methodologies in criminology: a new approach or old wine in new bottles?, Loraine Gelsthorpe  35.6 Writing: the problem of getting started, Howard Becker

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Tim Newburn is Professor of Criminology and Social Policy at the London School of Economics. He is currently President of the British Society of Criminology. Tim is the author or editor of over 30 books, the most recent of which are The Politics of Crime Control (edited with Paul Rock, Oxford University Press 2006); Policy Transfer and Criminal Justice (with Trevor Jones, Open University Press 2007); and the Handbook of Criminal Investigation (co-edited with Tom Williamson and Alan Wright, Willan Publishing 2007).


'... by far the most comprehensive, contemporary and wide-ranging reader on the market ... I have no doubt that it will prove very successful indeed.'  Dave Edwards, London Metropolitan University

'... it's a terrific collection and nothing nearly as good exists elsewhere.'  Jonathan Simon, University of California Berkeley

'A lot of criminology for little money. It contains so many classics we want our students to read anyway, that it is fair to say it is an excellent buy for anyone studying criminology'  Professor Renvan Swaaningen, Erasmus University, Rotterdam