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Kinetic Theory of Nucleation




ISBN 9781498762830
Published June 22, 2016 by CRC Press
496 Pages 166 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Explore a Kinetic Approach to the Description of Nucleation – An Alternative to the Classical Nucleation Theory

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation presents an alternative to the classical theory of nucleation in gases and liquids—the kinetic nucleation theory of Ruckenstein–Narsimhan–Nowakowski (RNNT). RNNT uses the kinetic theory of fluids to calculate the rate of evaporation of molecules from clusters, and unlike the classical nucleation theory (CNT), does not require macroscopic thermodynamics or the detailed balance principle. The book compares the rates of evaporation of molecules from—and condensation on—the surface of a nucleus of a new phase, and explains how this alternate approach can provide much higher nucleation rates than the CNT. It applies RNNT to various case studies that include the liquid-to-solid and vapor-to-liquid phase transitions, binary nucleation, heterogeneous nucleation, nucleation on soluble particles and protein folding. It also describes the system, introduces the basic equations of the kinetic theory, and defines a new model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding.

Adaptable to coursework as well as self-study, this insightful book:

  • Uses a kinetic approach to calculate the rate of growth and decay of a cluster
  • Includes description of vapor-to-liquid and liquid-to-solid nucleation
  • Outlines the application of density-functional theory (DFT) methods to nucleation
  • Proposes the combination of the new kinetic theory of nucleation with the DFT methods
  • Illustrates the new theory with numerical calculations
  • Describes the model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding, and more

A comprehensive guide dedicated to the kinetic theory of nucleation and cluster growth, Kinetic Theory of Nucleation emphasizes the basic concepts of the kinetic nucleation theory, incorporates findings developed from years of research and experience, and is written by highly-regarded experts.

Table of Contents

Kinetic Theory of Liquid-to-Solid Nucleation
Introduction
References
A Possible Nucleation Type of Mechanism for the Growth of Small Aerosol Particles
Ganesan Narsimhan and Eli Ruckenstein
References
A New Approach for the Prediction of the Rate of Nucleation in Liquids
Ganesan Narsimhan and Eli Ruckenstein
References
A Kinetic Theory of Nucleation in Liquids
Eli Ruckenstein and Bogdan Nowakowski
References
Rate of Nucleation in Liquids for Face-Centered Cubic and Icosahedral Clusters
Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Comparison among Various Approaches to the Calculation of the Nucleation Rate
References
A Kinetic Approach to the Theory of Heterogeneous Nucleation on Soluble Particles during the Deliquescence Stage
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Effect of Solute–Solute and Solute–Solvent Interactions on Kinetics of Nucleation in Liquids
Eli Ruckenstein and Gersh Berim
References
Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Crystal Nucleation in Contact and Immersion Modes
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Correction to "Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Crystal Nucleation in Contact and Immersion Modes"
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
Homogeneous Crystal Nucleation in Droplets as a Method for Determining Line Tension
of a Crystal–Liquid–Vapor Contact
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References

Kinetic Theory of Vapor-to-Liquid Nucleation
Reference
A Kinetic Approach to the Theory of Nucleation in Gases
Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein
References
A Unidimensional Fokker–Planck Approximation in the Treatment of Nucleation in Gases
Eli Ruckenstein and Bogdan Nowakowski
References
Homogeneous Nucleation in Gases: A Three-Dimensional Fokker–Planck Equation for
Evaporation from Clusters
Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Time-Dependent Cluster Distribution in Nucleation
Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Kinetic Theory of Nucleation Based on a First Passage Time Analysis: Improvement by the Density-Functional Theory
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Kinetic Theory of Binary Nucleation Based on a First Passage Time Analysis
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
A Kinetic Treatment of Heterogeneous Nucleation
Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein
References
New Approach to the Kinetics of Heterogeneous Unary Nucleation on Liquid Aerosols of a Binary Solution
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Kinetics of Heterogeneous Nucleation on a Rough Surface: Nucleation of a Liquid Phase in Nanocavities
Eli Ruckenstein and Gersh Berim
References
Kinetic Theory of Heterogeneous Nucleation: Effect of Nonuniform Density in the Nuclei
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References

Application of the Kinetic Nucleation Theory to Protein Folding
References
Model for the Nucleation Mechanism of Protein Folding
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
A Ternary Nucleation Model for the Nucleation Pathway of Protein Folding
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Effect of Ionized Protein Residues on the Nucleation Pathway of Protein Folding
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Temperature Effects on the Nucleation Mechanism of Protein Folding and on the Barrierless Thermal Denaturation of a Native Protein
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
First Passage Time Analysis of Protein Folding via Nucleation and of Barrierless Protein
Denaturation
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Effect of Hydrogen Bond Networks on the Nucleation Mechanism of Protein Folding
Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein
References

Kinetics of Cluster Growth on a Lattice
References
Influence of Cluster Shape upon Its Growth in a Two-Dimensional Ising Model
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Effect of Shape on the Critical Nucleus Size in a Three-Dimensional Ising Model:
Energetic and Kinetic Approaches
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Shape-Dependent Small Cluster Kinetics in the Two-Dimensional Ising Model beyond the Classical Approximations
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References
A Closed Reduced Description of the Kinetics of Phase Transformation in a Lattice System Based on Glauber’s Master Equation
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Kinetics of Phase Transformation on a Bethe Lattice
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Phase Transformation in a Lattice System in the Presence of Spin-Exchange Dynamics
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References
Kinetics of Phase Transformation on a Bethe Lattice in the Presence of Spin Exchange
Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein
References

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Author(s)

Biography

Eli Ruckenstein is a State University of New York (SUNY) Distinguished Professor at the SUNY at Buffalo. He has published more than 1000 papers in numerous areas of engineering science and has received a large number of awards from the American Chemical Society and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Dr. Ruckenstein has also received the Founders Gold Medal Award from the National Academy of Engineering and the National Medal of Science from President Clinton. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and of the American Academy of Art and Sciences.

Gersh Berim earned his PhD in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics from Kazan State University in Russia in 1978. He has authored or coauthored 70+ papers. His research interests include statics, kinetics, and dynamics of low-dimensional spin systems, kinetic theory of nucleation, and wetting at the nanoscale. Since 2001, he has been working in the group of Dr. Ruckenstein at SUNY at Buffalo. Previously, he was a visiting research scholar at the Institute of Physics "Gleb Wataghin" of the University of Campinas, Brazil (1995–1996), and at the Institute of Theoretical Physics I of the University of Erlangen, Germany (1998–2000).

Reviews

"The book covers a wide range of aspects of nucleation. It forms a critical mass by presenting so many issues in one place."
—Abraham Marmur, Technion –Israel Institute of Technology

"… well written and provides deep insight into the nucleation theory. … a fantastic tool for understanding the modern way of describing various processes of nucleation."
—Reinhard Miller, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam, Germany

"This book represents a comprehensive collection of the seminal papers on the nucleation phenomena published over the years by Professor Eli Ruckenstein and his coworkers…The book provides an indispensable resource of brilliantly written papers, each of which contains original ideas and methods. Reading these papers will help young researchers to better understand the methodology of science and learn the principles of the kinetic theory, which can be applied to diverse interfacial phenomena in nature, technology, and medicine."
—Alexander V. Neimark, Ph.D, D.Sc., Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA