This book explores and re-evaluates Kipling’s connection with India, its people, culture, languages, and locales through his experiences and his writings. Kipling’s works attracted interest among a large section of the British public, stimulating curiosity in their far-off Indian Empire, and made many canonize him as an emblem of the ‘Raj’.
This volume highlights the astonishing social and thematic range of his Indian writings as represented in The Jungle Books; Kim; his early verse; his Simla-based tales of Anglo-Indian intrigues and love affairs; his stories of the common Indian people; and his journalism. It brings together different theoretical and contextual readings of Kipling to examine how his experience of India influenced his creative work and conversely how his imperial loyalties conditioned his creative engagement with India. The 18 chapters here engage with the complexities and contradictions in his writings and analyse the historical and political contexts in which he wrote them, and the contexts in which we read him now.
With well-known contributors from different parts of the world – including India, the UK, the USA, Canada, France, Japan, and New Zealand – this book will be of great interest not only to those interested in Kipling’s life and works but also to researchers and scholars of nineteenth-century literature, comparative studies, postcolonial and subaltern studies, colonial history, and cultural studies.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations.
List of Contributors.
Foreword by Makarand Paranjape.
Introduction: The Kiplings and India
I. The Kiplings in India
1. Alice Kipling, Journalist: Letters from Simla, 1892
2. Paternal Legacy: Lockwood Kipling and Rudyard Kipling
3. Anglo-Indians in Kipling: Kipling in Simla
4. "The City of Dreadful Night": From Thomson’s Chronotope to Kipling’s Lahore
5. Kipling in Allahabad
6. Mind the gap: Hindi, Urdu and Hindustani words in Kipling’s Kim
II. Rudyard Kipling’s Indian Poetry and Fiction
7. Rudyard Kipling’s Indian Love Lyrics
8. Hard Knocks and ‘The Vision of Hamid Ali’: Kipling’s Indian Poetry
9. On the edge: The conundrum of Kipling’s ambivalent fictions
10. Through the Lens of Childhood: Kipling's Claim to India
11. Going Native, Cautiously: Colonial Ambivalence in Rudyard Kipling’s Kim
12. ‘I have the Jâtaka; and I have thee’: Fables and Kipling’s Political Zoology
13. Gender and Genre in the Anglo-Indian Romance: Reading Rudyard Kipling’s The Naulakha
14. Rudyard Kipling and the Ethics of Adventure
III. The Jungle Books
15. Missing (Indian) Mothers and Itineraries: Reading The Jungle Book alongside psychoanalytic perspectives
16. Kipling and Kaa[li]: via Kolkata
17. Letting in the Jungle: Hospitality in Kipling
18. Reading Kipling in Kipling’s Own Country.
Harish Trivedi, former Professor of English at the University of Delhi, was Visiting Professor at the universities of Chicago and London. He is the author of Colonial Transactions: English Literature and India (1993; 1995); has co-edited Literature and Nation: Britain and India 1800–1990 (2000); and has edited Kim (2011).
Janet Montefiore is Professor Emerita of the University of Kent at Canterbury, where she taught English literature, women’s studies, and creative writing from 1978 to 2015. Her books include Feminism and Poetry (1987; 1994; 2004), Arguments of Heart and Mind (2002), and Rudyard Kipling (2007). Since 2013, she has edited the quarterly Kipling Journal.