Over recent decades we have witnessed the globalization of research. However, this has yet to translate into a worldwide scientific network, across which competencies and resources can flow freely. Arab countries have strived to join this globalized world and become a ‘knowledge economy,’ yet little time has been invested in the region’s fragmented scientific institutions; institutions that should provide opportunities for individuals to step out on the global stage.
Knowledge Production in the Arab World investigates research practices in the Arab world, using multiple case studies from the region with particular focus on Lebanon and Jordan. It depicts the Janus-like face of Arab research, poised between the negative and the positive and faced with two potentially opposing strands; local relevance alongside its internationalization. The book critically assesses the role and dynamics of research and poses questions that are crucial to further our understanding of the very particular case of knowledge production in the Arab region. The book explores research’s relevance and whom it serves, as well as the methodological flaws behind academic rankings and the meaning and application of key concepts such as knowledge society/economy.
Providing a detailed and comprehensive examination of knowledge production in the Arab world, this book is of interest to students, scholars and policy makers working on the issues of research practices and status of science in contemporary developing countries.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part I. Arab Research Dynamics Chapter 1 . Decisive Impact of the national research and innovation systems Chapter 2 . Scientific publication: growth, impact and internationalization Chapter 3. Universities, Researchers and Diaspora Chapter 4 . practicing research in Lebanon: institutions and internationalisation Part II: The Tumultuous development of social science in the Arab region Chapter 5 Development and place of production of the social sciences: different forms of compartmentalization Chapter 6 Writing Sociology in the Arab World: the Case of Idafat Chapter 7 . Social Research and language: is there a marginalization of the Arab language? Chapter 8 . The politics of Citation: Who frames the debate on the Arab Uprisings? Chapter 9 . Public Social Science: the Case of writing op-eds in Lebanese Newspapers Chapter 10. Conclusion ANNEX: BIBLIOMETRIC INDICATORS FOR THE ARAB REGION
Sari Hanafi is Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Media Studies at the American University of Beirut. He is also the editor of Idafat: The Arab Journal of Sociology and the Vice President of the International Sociological Association and the Arab Council of Social Science.
Rigas Arvanitis is Sociologist and Senior Researcher at the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), specializing in the sociology of science and innovation, and research policy. He is also Director of the French consortium on research, innovation and society (IFRIS).