Knowledge Resistance in High-Choice Information Environments
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This book offers a truly interdisciplinary exploration of our patterns of engagement with politics, news, and information in current high-choice information environments. Putting forth the notion that high-choice information environments may contribute to increasing misperceptions and knowledge resistance rather than greater public knowledge, the book offers insights into the processes that influence the supply of misinformation and factors influencing how and why people expose themselves to and process information that may support or contradict their beliefs and attitudes.
A team of authors from across a range of disciplines address the phenomena of knowledge resistance and its causes and consequences at the macro- as well as the micro-level. The chapters take a philosophical look at the notion of knowledge resistance, before moving on to discuss issues such as misinformation and fake news, psychological mechanisms such as motivated reasoning in processes of selective exposure and attention, how people respond to evidence and fact-checking, the role of political partisanship, political polarization over factual beliefs, and how knowledge resistance might be counteracted.
This book will have a broad appeal to scholars and students interested in knowledge resistance, primarily within philosophy, psychology, media and communication, and political science, as well as journalists and policymakers.
The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Toward Understanding Knowledge Resistance in High-Choice Information Environments
Jesper Strömbäck, Åsa Wikforss, Kathrin Glüer, Torun Lindholm & Henrik Oscarsson
2. What is Knowledge Resistance?
Kathrin Glüer & Åsa Wikforss
3. From Low-choice to High-choice Media Environments: Implications for Knowledge Resistance
Jesper Strömbäck, Hajo Boomgaarden, Elena Broda, Alyt Damstra, Elina Lindgren, Yariv Tsfati, & Rens Vliegenthart
4. Disinformation, Misinformation, and Fake News: Understanding the Supply Side
Sophie Lecheler & Jana Laura Egelhofer
5. Selective Exposure and Attention to Attitude-consistent and Attitude-discrepant Information: Reviewing the Evidence
Daniel Sude & Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick
6. Relevance-Based Knowledge Resistance in Public Conversations
Eliot Michaelson, Jessica Pepp, and Rachel Sterken
7. Responsiveness to Evidence: A Political Cognition Approach
Nathaniel Rabb, Małgorzata Kossowska, Thomas J. Wood, Daniel Schulte, Stavros Vourloumis & Hannes Jarke
8. Reports of the Death of Expertise May Be Exaggerated: Limits on Knowledge Resistance in Health and Medicine
Henri C. Santos, Michelle N. Meyer & Christopher F. Chabris
9. Is Resistance Futile? Citizen Knowledge, Motivated Reasoning, and Fact-Checking
Paula Szewach, Jason Reifler & Henrik Oscarsson
10. Uninformed or Misinformed? A Review of the Conceptual–Operational gap Between (Lack of) Knowledge and (Mis)perceptions
Elina Lindgren, Alyt Damstra, Jesper Strömbäck, Yariv Tsfati, Rens Vliegenthart & Hajo Boomgaarden
11. Striving for Certainty: Epistemic Motivations and (Un)biased Cognition
Małgorzata Kossowska, Gabriela Czarnek, Ewa Szumowska, & Paulina Szwed
12. Political Polarization Over Factual Beliefs
13. The Democratic Gold-Standard of Fact-Based Issue Ambivalence
14. Overcoming Knowledge Resistance: A Systematic Review of Experimental Studies
Michael Ingre, Torun Lindholm & Jesper Strömbäck
Jesper Strömbäck is Professor in Journalism and Political Communication at the Department of Journalism, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. His research focuses on political communication, political news journalism and public opinion formation.
Åsa Wikforss is Professor of Theoretical Philosophy at Stockholm University, Sweden, and does research in the intersection of philosophy of mind, language, and epistemology.
Kathrin Glüer is Professor of Theoretical Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University. Her research ranges from formal semantics to perception, and she has a longstanding interest in reasons and rationality.
Torun Lindholm is Professor in Psychology at the Department of Psychology, Stockholm University. Her research centers around cognitive and social psychological mechanisms involved in intergroup perception and judgments.
Henrik Oscarsson is Professor in Political Science and Research Director for the Swedish National Election Studies (SNES) at the Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg. His research interests focus on public opinion and electoral behavior.