In American history the 1950s are remembered as an affluent and harmonious decade. Not so in Austria. That nation emerged out of World War II with tremendous war-related destruction and with a four-power occupation that would last for ten years until 1955. Massive American economic aid enabled the Austrian economy to start recovering in the 1950s and reorient it from East to West. Unlike the United States, however, general affluence did not set in until the 1960s and 1970s even though Austria's dramatic baby boom enabled it to recover from the demographic catastrophe resulting from manpower losses of World War II., This volume deals with these larger trends. Stephen E. Ambrose discusses American-European relations and sets the larger international context for the Austrian scene. Oilver Rathkolb retraces the changing importance of the Austrian question for the Eisenhower administration. Michael Gehler presents an in-depth analysis of the intriguing question of whether Austria's unification at the price of permanent neutrality might have been a model for Germany. Franz Mathis and Kurt Tweraser look at economic reconstruction and the roles played by both the Austrian public industrial sector and the American Marshall Plan. Karin Schmidlechner looks at the youth culture of the era. Franz Adlgasser shows how Herbert Hoover's food aid was instrumental in the containment of communism in Hungary. Beth Noveck analyzes Austrian political culture of the First Republic from the perspective of Hugo Bettauer. Rolf Steininger presents an insightful historical overview of how the Austro-Italian South Tyrol conflict was resolved after seventy-five years of tension.
Table of Contents
Introduction by Günter Bischof, Topical Essays, U.S. Foreign Policy in the 1950s, The Foreign Relations between the U.S.A. and Austria in the late 1950s, State Treaty and Neutrality: The Austrian Solution in 1955 as a "Model" for Germany?, Between Regulation and Laissez Faire: Austrian State Industries after World War II, The Politics of Productivity and Corporatism: The Late Marshall Plan in Austria, 1950-54, Youth Culture in the 1950s, Nontopical Essays, Hugo Bettauer and the Political Culture of the First Republic, The Roots of Communist Containment: American Food Aid in Austria and Hungary after World War I, 75 Years After: The South Tyrol Conflict Resolved, Historiography Feature, An Incomplete Discipline: Austrian Zeitgeschichte and Recent History, Review Essays, Austrian Menschenjáger, Coca-Cola and Pax Americana, French Occupation Policies in Austria after World War II, Book Reviews, Unequal Partners, Der Krieg aus der Luft. Kaernten und Steiermark, and Albrich/Gisinger, Im Bombenkrieg. Tirol und Vorarlberg 1943-1945, Politik in Österreich. Die Zweite Republik: Bestand und Wandel, Annual Review, Rainer Nick & Sieghard Viertier, Survey of Austrian Politics 1993, List of Authors
Günter Bischof is an assistant professor of history and the associate director of the Eisenhower Center at the University of New Orleans. Anton Pelinka is a professor of political science at the University of Innsbruck and also the director of the Institute of Conflict Research in Vienna. Rolf Steininger is a professor of history and the director of the Institute of Contemporary History at the University of Innsbruck.