As developing and transition economies enter the next phase of reforms, labor market issues increasingly come to the fore. With the increased competition from globalization, the discussion is shifting to the need for greater labor market flexibility and the creation of "good" jobs. Moreover, the greater actual and perceived insecurity in labor markets has generated a new agenda on how to structure safety nets and labor market regulation. The older questions of the links between the formal and informal labor market, reappear with new dimensions and significance. More generally, it is clear that an accurate understanding of how labor market structures function is essential if we are to analyze alternative policy proposals in the wake of these concerns.
Oddly enough, in spite of this great importance, there are no recent monographs that bring together rigorous studies produced by academic researchers on these various issues. This book fills that gap. Under the steely editorship of Ravi Kanbur and Jan Svejnar, the contributors flourish in their attempts to enliven these debates.
Table of Contents
1. Labor Markets and Development: Overview Ravi Kanbur and Jan Svejnar Part I: Employment, Poverty and Labor Market Dynamics 2. Does Employment Generation Really Matter for Poverty Reduction? Catalina Gutierrez, Pierella Paci, Carlo Orecchia, and Pieter Serneels 3. Employment Elasticity in Organized Manufacturing in India Dipak Mazumdar and Sandip Sarkar 4. Wage Determination and Wage Inequality inside a Russian Firm in Late Transition: Evidence from Personnel Data - 1997-2002 Thomas Dohmen, Hartmut Lehmann and Mark E. Schaffer 5. Education and Youth Unemployment in South Africa David Lam, Murray Leibbrandt and Cecil Mlatsheni 6. Analysis of Attrition Patterns in the Turkish Household Labor Force Survey, 2000-2002 Insan Tunali Part II: Formality, Informality and Labor Market Regulation 7. Monopsonistic Competition in Formal and Informal Labor Markets Ted To 8. Informality as a Stepping Stone: Entrepreneurial Entry in a Developing Economy John Bennett and Saul Estrin 9. Multiple-Job-Holding in Tanzania Theis Theisen 10. Regulation of Entry, Informality and Policy Complementarities Mariano Bosch 11. Can Social Programs Reduce Productivity and Growth? A Hypothesis for Mexico Santiago Levy 12. Minimum Wages in Kenya Mabel Andalón and Carmen Pagés 13. Labour Market Flexibility: Insurance Versus Efficiency and the Indian Experience Errol D’Souza 14. Labor Productivity Growth, Informal Wage and Capital Mobility: A General Equilibrium Analysis Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar Part III Trade and Labor 15. Trade and Labor Standards: New Empirical Evidence Yiagadeesen Samy and Vivek H. Dehejia 16. Ann Harrison and Jason Scorse Do Foreign-Owned Firms Pay More? Evidence from the Indonesian Manufacturing Sector 17. Gender Inequality in the Labor Market During Economic Transition: Changes in India’s Manufacturing Sector Nidhiya Menon and Yana van der Meulen Rodgers Part IV Human Capital, Productivity and Gender 18. Multidimensional Human Capital, Wages and Endogenous Employment Status in Ghana Niels-Hugo Blunch 19. Wage Convergence and Inequality after Unification: (East) Germany in Transition Johannes Gernandt and Friedhelm Pfeiffer 20. Child Work and Schooling Costs in Rural Northern India Gautum Hazarika and Arjun S. Bedi 21. Glass Ceilings, Sticky Floors or Sticky Doors? A Quantile Regression Approach to Exploring Gender Wage Gaps in Sri Lanka Dileni Gunewardena, Darshi Abeyrathna, Amalie Ellagala, Kamani Rajakaruna and Shobana Rajendran et. al 22. Training and Enterprise Performance: Survey Evidence from Transition Countries in Central and Eastern Europe Joe Colombano and Libor Krkoska Skills 23. Exploring Gender Wage "Discrimination" in South Africa, 1995-2004: A Quantile Regression Approach Miracle Ntuli 24.The Determinants of Female Labour Supply in Belarus Francesco Pastore and Alina Verashchagina 25. Islands Through the Glass Ceiling? Evidence of Gender Wage Gaps in Madagascar and Mauritius Christophe J. Nordman and Francois-Charles Wolff
Ravi Kanbur is T. H. Lee Professor of World Affairs, International Professor of Applied Economics and Management, and Professor of Economics at Cornell University
Jan Svejnar is Director of the International Policy Center at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, the Everett E. Berg Professor of Business Administration, and Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the University of Michigan.
'Labor markets have been at the heart of development economics ever since Arthur Lewis’ seminal work. This collection of fine articles by leading academics and policy makers helps bring the latest research in the role of labor markets in development to readers in an accessible form.' Djavad Salehi-Isfahani (Virginia Tech, USA)