This book was published in 2003. Research on migration into southern Europe has paid little consideration to the ways of incorporating immigrants into labour markets and the impact these foreign-born workers have on local labour markets. Neither has much attention been given to the character of labour markets that enables these workers to find a job. This book fills that gap by exploring case studies of African employment in Spain and Portugal. Using cross-border perspectives, this book provides in-depth analysis of common trends across borders, such as immigrant employment in manual, low-skilled jobs, uneven immigrant involvement in labour markets, and the impact of national characteristics, economies and political environments. The result is a study which should be useful for migration specialists, economic geographers and labour market analysts alike.