Since the mid-1980s, mass migration from the countryside to urban areas has been one of the most dramatic and noticeable changes in China. Labour migration has not only exerted a profound impact on China’s economy; it has also had far-reaching consequences for its social development. This book examines labour migration in China, focusing on the social dimensions of this phenomenon, as well as on the economic aspects of the migration and development relationship. It provides in-depth coverage of pertinent topics which include the role of labour migration in poverty alleviation; the social costs of remittance and regional, gender and generational inequalities in their distribution; hukou reform and the inclusion of migrants in urban social security and medical insurance systems; the provision of schools for migrants’ children; the provision of sexual health services to migrants; the housing conditions of migrants; the mobilization of women workers’ social networks to improve labour protection; and the role of NGOs in providing social services for migrants. Throughout, it pays particular attention to policy implications, including the impact of the recent policy shift of the Chinese government, which has made social issues more central to national development policies, and has initiated policy reforms pertaining to migration.
Foreword Frank Laczko 1. Introduction: Labour Migration and Social Development in China Rachel Murphy 2. Migration and Poverty Alleviation in China Dewen Wang and Fang Cai 3. Migrant Remittances in China: the Distribution of Economic Benefits and Social Costs Rachel Murphy 4. Hukou Reform and Social Security for Migrant Workers in China Ran Tao 5. Migrant Children and Migrant Schooling: Policies, Problems and Possibilities Terry Woronov 6. Reproductive and Sexual Health Issues Among Migrants in China Caroline Hoy 7. Housing and Migrants in Cities Ya Ping Wang and Yanglin Wang 8. The Making of a Global Dormitory Labour Regime: Labour Protection and Labour Organizing of Migrant Women in South China Pun Ngai 9. NGOs, Civil Society and Migrants in China Jude Howell
The primary aim of this series is to publish original, high quality, research level work, by both new and established scholars in the West and East, on all aspects of development and policy in Asia.
The scope of the series is broad, and aims to cover both comparative and single country studies, including work from a range of disciplines. With particular reference to how Asian states have coped with the growing challenges of globalising economies and the ways in which national governments in Asia have changed their public policy strategies and governance models in order to sustain further economic growth, the series will bring together development studies, and public policy and governance analysis, and will cover subjects such as: economic development; governance models; the factors underpinning the immense economic achievements of different countries; the social, political, cultural, and environmental implications of economic restructuring; public policy reforms; technological and educational innovation; international co-operation; and the fate and political impact of people who have been excluded from the growth. The series will include both empirical material and comparative analysis; and both single authored books and edited collections.