Landmark Essays on Tropes and Figures offers a thorough overview of the most influential essays on rhetorical tropes and figures, providing a solid foundation for understanding this area of study. The book is divided into two parts. The first part deals with essays on the development of the concepts, their definitions, and their decline; the second part deals with applications: how figures and tropes have been used in various disciplinary domains, from literary criticism, to politics, science, advertising, and music.
This volumes spans writing from the early 20th century to contemporary work, providing readers with a historically grounded base for study. It brings together book chapters and journal articles that would otherwise be difficult to locate, providing a ready-made collection of readings on the topic of tropes and figures.
Table of Contents
Part I: The Concept of Tropes and Figures
- James Murphy. 1990. "Topos and Figura: Historical Cause and Effect?" In: pp. 239-53, G.L. Bursill-Hall, Sten Ebbesen, and Konrad Koerner (eds.), De Ortu Grammaticae. Studies in Medieval Grammar and Linguistic Theory in Memory of Janpinborg. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
- Brian Vickers. 1970. Classical Rhetoric in English Poetry. Edinburgh: MacMillan. Chapter 3, "The Functions of Rhetorical Figures", pp. 83-121.
- Joseph, Miriam. 1947. Shakespeare’s Use of the Arts of Language. New York: Columbia University Press. "Elocution or Style," pp. 31-40.
- Peter Mack. 2011. A History of Renaissance Rhetoric 1380-1620. Oxford: Oxford University Press. "Manuals of Tropes and Figures", pp. 208-227.
- Burke, Kenneth. 1941. "Four Master Tropes." The Kenyon Review, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 421-438.
- Genette, Gerard. 1982. "Rhetoric Restrained", Chapter 6, pp. 103-126, Figures of Literary Discourse, Translated by Alan Sheridan, Introduction by Marie-Rose Logan.New York: Columbia University Press.
- George Lakoff and Mark Johnson. 1980. "Conceptual Metaphor in Everyday Language," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 77, Issue 8, pp. 453-486.
Part II: Applications
- Literary criticism
- Sam Meyer. 1964. "The Figures of Rhetoric in Spenser’s Colin Clout." PMLA, Vol. 79, No. 3, pp. 206-218.
- de Man, Paul. 1979. Allegories of Reading: Figural Language in Rousseau, Nietzsche, Rilke, and Proust. New Haven, CN: Yale University Press. Chapter 5, "Rhetoric of Tropes (Nietzsche)" pp. 103-118.
- Corbett Edward P.J. and Robert J. Connors. 1999. Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. Oxford: Oxford University Press. "John F. Kennedy: Inaugural Address", pp. 459-472.
- Michael C. Leff and Gerald P. Mohrmann. 1974. "Lincoln at Cooper Union: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Text," Quarterly Journal of Speech, Vol. 60, No. 3, pp. 346-358.
- Charles N. Smiley. 1917. "Lincoln and Gorgias". The Classical Journal, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 124-128.
- Richard P. Fulkerson. 1979. "The Public Letter as a Rhetorical Form: Structure, Logic, and Style in King’s "Letter from Birmingham Jail", The Quarterly Journal of Speech, Vol. 65, No. 2, pp. 121-36.
- Jeanne Fahnestock. 2011. Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 3-6
- Jonathan Charteris-Black. 2011. Politicians and Rhetoric: The Persuasive Power of Metaphor. Second edition. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. Chapter 3, "Winston Churchill: Metaphor and Heroic Myth," pp. 52-78.
- Skinner, Quentin. 2007. "Paradiastole: Redescribing the Vices as Virtues." In: pp. 149-166, Sylvia Adamson, Gavin Alexander, and Katrin Ettenhuber (eds.), Renaissance Figures of Speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Brian Vickers. 1985. "The Royal Society and English Prose Style: A Reassessment." In: pp. 3-76, Brian Vickers and Nancy S. Struever (eds.), Rhetoric and the Pursuit of Truth. Language Change in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Los Angeles: The William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California.
- Jeanne Fahnestock. 1999. Rhetorical Figures in Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chapter 5, "Ploche and Polyptoton" pp. 156-177.
- Edward F. McQuarrie and David Glen Mick. 1996. "Figures of Rhetoric in Advertising Language," The Journal of Consumer Research, Vol. 22, No.4, pp. 424-438.
- Blair, Anthony J. 2004. "The Rhetoric of Visual Arguments." In: pp. 41-62, Charles A. Hill and Marguerite Helmers (eds.), Defining Visual Rhetorics, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Music
- Buelow, George J. 1980. "Rhetoric and Music." In: pp. 793-803, Vol. XV, Stanley Sadie (ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. London: Macmillan.
Roberto Franzosi is Professor of Sociology and Linguistics at Emory University, Georgia, USA.