For decades, bilingualism has resisted definition. If bilingualism is defined as habitual, fluent, correct and accent-free use of two languages, few individuals would qualify as bilinguals. A more viable approach may be to concede that ‘bilingual’ can be seen instead as a range of points on a continuum that allows for differences. The psychological study of bilingualism encompasses a wide range of phenomena including the organization and representation of the grammar, the perception and production of language mixing, cerebral lateralization of language functions, and patterns of recovery of aphasic patients. This book collects together an international array of researchers in experimental psychology, linguistics and neuropsychology, who bring their expertise to bear on the critical issues that are raised by the bilingual phenomena.
Part 1: Psycholinguistic Perspectives 1. Skilled Reading in the Second Language Norman Segalowitz 2. Lexical Function: Is a Bilingual Account Necessary? Kim Kirsner 3. Memory for Bilingual Prose Kirsten M. Hummel 4. Pairing First- and Second-Language Speech and Writing in Ways that Aid Language Acquisition Wallace E. Lambert 5. Selected Issues in Second and Third Language Learning Edith Magiste 6. Intrasentential Code-Switching: The Case of Language Assignment Miwa Nishima 7. Processing Mixed Language: Some Preliminary Findings Francois Grosjean and Carlos Soares Part 2: Neuropsychological Perspectives 8. Aphasia in a Multilingual Society: A Preliminary Study Prithika Chary 9. Sentence Interpretation Strategies in Healthy and Aphasic Bilingual Adults Beverly B. Wulfeck, Lary Juarez, Elizabeth A. Bates and Kerry Kilborn 10. The Ageing Bilingual Loraine Obler, Martin Albert and Sandra Lozowick 11. Leaning to the Right: Some Thoughts on Hemisphere Involvement in Language Acquisition Eta I. Schneiderman 12. Bilingualism in a Visuo-Gestural Mode Catherine Kettrick and Nancy Hatfield 13. Script Effects and Cerebral Lateralization: The Case of Chinese Characters Reiko Hasuike, Ovid Tzeng and Daisy Hung